I don't hesitate to write here that a major part of the time that i was in this town, I spent taking photographs of beautiful swedish houses of which you find so many in this small town. Look at the pictures.
The Sörmlands museum is located just in front of the Nyköpingshus castle. the building where it is situated was earlier the King´s tower (Kungstornet). Inside the museum one can come to know many stories about the kings and the dukes, the fishermen, the castle and the palace and the story of the Nyköping Christmas banquet.
At the information desk at the Airport, they highly recommended that I see the castle. It is a medieval castle that was rebuilt in the end of the 16th century by King Charles IX of Sweden into a renaissance palace. The castle is important for two main happenings, the Banquet of 1317 and the fire of 1665.
The brothers of King Birger (who founded Stockholm), Valdemar and Eric had staged a coup against the king and to settle the issue, Sweden was divided among the brothers into three sovereign states in 1310. king Birger wanted to take revenge. The Nyköping banquet was arranged by the king as a Christmas celebration on 11th December 1317 at the Nyköping Castle. The two brothers were invited. They had the least apprehension about the King's intention. that night they were imprisoned and starved to death in the dungeon of Nyköping Castle. However a rebellion broke out in the country and in 1318 King Birger fled to Denmark.
Another important event with the castle was the huge fire that burnt the rest of the city in 1665, also burnt down the palace. It was never restored but was still used as county residence until the 1760. Some parts of the castle were reconstructed in the 20th century like the Kungstornet (the King's Tower) and Gamla residenset (the Old Residence).
You’ll see them in 35 locations around Nyköping – the red posts with pennants made of sheet metal. These tell the story of the people, power, energy and economy of Nyköping – everything that helped form this residential town.
Read about Coppersmith Behm, the NK Villa, the man on the rune stone, the pirates and much more. At the same time, you’ll have a lovely stroll through some of the most beautiful parts of Nyköping.
1. Släbro Rune Stones: Viking-era bridge and rune stones.
2. Släbro Rock Carvings: Bronze Age rock carvings.
3. Oppeby: Folkhem’s (the People’s Home) rental apartments, houses and community centre.
4. Harg: Mining business with silver and iron ore.
5. Stenbro: The Vasa brothers’ struggle for power.
6. Hållet: Mining business with silver and iron ore.
7. Perioden: Paper and cotton thread.
8. The Lasarette: Part of Folkhem’s buildings.
9. Folkungavallen: Sport and agricultural exhibition.
10. The Railway: Rails in every direction.
11. The Hospital: Storm section and 18th century buildings.
12. Fors: Mills, saws and manufacturing.
13. St Anne House: Enlightenment-era care for the poor.
14. Brännmästargården: Housing for woollen workers.
15. The Prison: 46 cells since 1862.
16. V Småskolan & Badhusen: Education and cleanliness.
17. Salvation Army: The 19th century’s new community.
18. St Nicolai Church: The language of force in the building.
19. The Town Bridge: The third bridge built here.
20. The Market: Power and commerce.
21. The Press: Freedom of the press in newspapers.
22. Storhusfallet: The heart of business.
23. Parson Phil’s Manor: Clergymen in the Diet of the Four Estates.
24. The Foundry & Factory: Metal processing for 300 years.
25. Behm Bridge: Artisans in the town.
26. The Monastery: The church of the Franciscan brothers
27. The Brewery: The fermenting cellar and tap house.
28. Fish Bridge: The town’s economic livelihood.
29. NK Villa: The age of exhibitions.
30. The King’s Tower: The number one building of power.
31. The Castle Garden: Almonds, marjoram and hollyhocks.
32. The Old Residence: County governors and paupers.
33. NK & the Naval Yard: Furniture makers from trade.
34. The Customs House: National income from trade.
35. The Harbour: Grains and bar iron.
Nyköping city hall is located on Stora Torget in the city centrum. It was built in 1962-1969. The official opening of the city hall took place in 1969. The front of the building is made of carrara-marble.
Frescoes from the 15th century were revealed during restoration work in 1953. These show, among other things, four scenes from the life of St Olof. The panintings were, according to latest research, done by Albert the painter, one of Sweden's leading church painters in the 15th century. Albert the Painter, also known as Albertus Pictor, has both singned the paintings as well as executing a self portrait on the south wall. It was during this time that the three vaults at the eastern end of the shurch were also built. Four wooden sculptures from the Middle Ages are even preserved including a triumph crucifix from the 13th century. This crucifix is unique inasmuch as it is the oldest existing from the Swedish mainland and furthermore is preserved in its original colours.
There are many churches in Nyköping, but we only went to see Lid Church. Had the weather been better we would have stopped to see more of them. There are many art treasures from the Middle Ages in Lid despite the fact that the church was only an annexe to Ripsa and furthermore lacked a noble family in the parish during this time.
In the eastern churchyard wall is a lychgate with steps up to a terrace with an opening to the churchyard. The idea with this is unknown but it is possible that it was used for outdoor services, maybe during epidemics. A rune stone is built into the gate and another stands nearby.
My friend took me to her cottage and we took a drive in the countryside in spite of the rain and saw many interesting rune stones. If you are interested in that kind of things and are in Sweden I can highly recommend Nyköping to you.
Nykoepingshus is an ancient castle from the 1200's, unfortunately it´s not so much left of it nowadays. But the part that is still there are opened for visitors and a visit there will give you a good idea about how people lived and the story about our Kings through the years.
During summer you can also see a theatre-perfomance that is very good here about one of the Royal families.
Much praised, this is a wonderful part of the Baltic archipelago and still not over explored. Stendörren ("the Stone Door") takes its name from a narrow sailing passage which you can see here. There used to be an old shipping inn here too in the days when this was very much a part of the rocky shipping lane from the south to Stockholm, before road convenience. Today, you can visit the Naturum - a Swedish Environment Agency sponsored collection of nature exhibitions all over Sweden telling you about the specific nature - and learn about Baltic seals and birds and the scenery around you. Then you can walk around between the small islands on narrow wooden hang bridges and picnic and/or swim just where you want to. If you come to Nyköping without a car, you can get by boat from the harbour.
Next to Nyköpingshus is a café and some old buildings. Do go there as one of the buildings is Tovastugan (the Tova Croft) with grass roof and wonderful old wall paintings inside. It is from the 17th century and one of the oldest well kept country houses in Sweden and used to be a typical Södermanland farmstead before it was moved from nearby Ripsa to Nyköping to represent architecture in the county.
Nyköping was established along the river and this is where most important industries and houses were built due to water need and power. Today, you can stroll along what is the "longest museum in the world" as Nyköping River is used as one long museum. You can walk on either riverbank or mix and there are signs here and there telling you what you see (some have English text at the back). You will come across 35 sights including a salmon jump (watch the fishing sea gulls!), an old brewery, some nice town houses, an old prison and much more. If you start at the railway station end, you eventually walk your way down to the castle and the Sörmlands County Museum which organises the riverside information and which also has some nice art and history exhibitions itself.
The most famous sight in Nyköping and with a history to match that. It is said to have been built by Birger Jarl (who founded Stockholm) in the 13th century on a place which previously had a defence tower from the 12th century. It is at this time that Nyköping is the capital of Sweden since the king spends a lot of time here. 1317 is the year which makes Nyköping stay in the Swedish history books with the "Nyköping Banquet": King Birger and his wife had been seized at their castle in Uppland (1306) and put in prison at Nyköpingshus. Thanks to the queen's influential Danish family, they were released by their capturers - Birger's younger brothers Erik and Valdemar but Sweden was split between the brothers and of course Birger sought revenge a few years later and invited his brothers to stay at Nyköpingshus when they thought things had calmed down. Instead, they were thrown in the dungeon and the key was allegedly thrown in the river outside so the brothers starved to death. Still in modern days, people have been dredging and diving for that key but without result and a key has become the symbol of Nyköping.
The 17th century is the next important period as many royals spend time here and since the castle is then also scarred by fire. Today, it is a much more peaceful place apart from a few hectic weeks in summer when there is a theatre reinactment of the Nyköpings Banquet.
The town stands on the bank of Nyköping river. There are guided tours on the river from where you can see 35 things. There are also possibilities of fishing in the river.