History, Stockholm

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  • Parm - art in Rådhuset station
    Parm - art in Rådhuset station
    by marielexoteria
  • Stockholm
    Stockholm
    by Kuznetsov_Sergey
  • Stockholm
    Stockholm
    by Kuznetsov_Sergey
  • marielexoteria's Profile Photo

    Old Sweden is present not only in the architecture

    by marielexoteria Written Jan 13, 2008

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    Parm - art in R��dhuset station

    Favorite thing: If you ever take the subway and get off at the Rådhuset station, you will see some "boxes" sticking out of the walls (see my picture). These boxes, as I learnt, are a representation of an old volume measurement unit called parm. A parm unit was used to measure hay and would be the equivalent of 3 3/4 ells in length by 4 3/4 ells in width on each side and it's equivalent to 17.7 cubic meters on today's units.

    There's a street in Stockholm called Parmmätargatan which points to a person that used to measure hay in parm.

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    The Royal Palaces

    by sim1 Updated Jun 7, 2007

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    The old Tre Kronor Palace
    1 more image

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    The Royal Palaces


    On the island "Stockholmen", where freshwater from Mälaren flows out into the salt Baltic Sea, there has been a fortification of some kind since the 11th century. On that location several castles have been erected.

    Tre kronor

    The Castle "Tre Kronor" got its name from the sign of three golden crowns, on the top of one of the towers, put there by king Johan III in late 15th century. The buildings from the Middle Age was a bit outdated and they were not representative for this Swedish era of greatness. Architect Nicodemus Tessin was given the task to rebuild the castle and he had a church and new castle building ready by 1697. At the same time as Karl XI was laying lit-de-parade (he just died), fire broke out and demolished all of the old buildings and also part of the new castle.

    The fire was a disaster, not only for the buildings, but maybe even more the artefacts in the castle. A large part of the royal collections, like art, the National archives, the Royal library (one of the finer in Europe in that time) and other priceless things, were destroyed. The sign Tre Kronor was lost in the fire. Today that symbol is on the top of the tower of the City hall (and also on the costumes of the beloved national ice hockey team)

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    "Tre kronor"

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Oct 4, 2006

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    Stockholm -

    Favorite thing: The symbol of Sweden "Tre kronor" - an image of three crowns is the arms of the Sweden. It became its major national symbol. The main Royal palace in Stockholm, the most popular Swedish beer and a national team of Sweden refers "Tre kronor".

    Three crowns appeared in the Swedish heraldry in the middle of the XIV century and, possibly, symbolized three bible Magi. King Magnus Ericson who approved the arms officially, considered three crowns as an illustration to his title - 'The King of Sweden, Norway and Skone".

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    Stockholms blodbad

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Oct 3, 2006

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    Stockholm - Stortorget

    Favorite thing: On November, 8-9th 1520 on Stortorget - the main square of Stockholm there was a rough handling which received in history the name of "the Stockholm bloody bath" ("Stockholms blodbad").

    It was time of Sweden struggle for independence and an exit from the Calmar union. The regent of Sweden Sten Sture - younger tried to resist to the Danish king Christian II. The Danish army intruded in Sweden and crushed the national army. By means of Catholic prelates there was staged a church court in the royal castle.

    About 100 noblemen and townspeople were executed in Stockholm on obviously false charge in heresy. Their property was confiscated. According to contemporaries "blood streams flew down with Stortorget"... Similar bloody massacres occurred then in a number of Sweden areas.

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    History II

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Oct 3, 2006

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    Stockholm - The Royal Palace
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    Favorite thing: Gustav Vasa conducted emancipating struggle against Danes and besieged Stockholm in 1523. After crowning he returned Stockholm under authority of Sweden.

    Stockholm was officially declared the capital of Sweden in 1634. An active building stone construction was made in this century. The first general plan of the city building was created, palaces of the Swedish aristocracy were built.

    The destructive fire destroyed a lot of buildings, including the royal palace in 1697. The city was built up anew.

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    History I

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Oct 3, 2006

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    Stockholm - Gamla Stan
    1 more image

    Favorite thing: The basic events in history of Stockholm are the following:
    Birger Jarl - a confidant of king Eric Eriksson built a fortress Stockholm ("a timbered island") on a place of a settlement of Holmija in 1252.

    Stockholm passed under authority of the Danish king Christian II in the end of the XVth century..

    The Danish king Christian II, won a battle on the Osund lake and besieged Stockholm in 1520. The city capitulated and Christian II was crowned on the Swedish throne. In November he executed Stockholm burghers on the main city square Stortorget ("the Stockholm bloody bath").

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    Gustav III, the theatre king

    by sim1 Updated Jan 21, 2006

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    Gustav III, the Theatre King

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Gustav III, the theatre king


    Gustav III (1746-1792) became king in 1771. After one year on the throne he made, with support of France, a coup d'tat to increase his power. He ruled despite his dictatorship in the name of "enlighten autocracy" and carried through many reforms. The most important was freedom of religion and the ban of torture. He also changed the law so that the number of crimes with the death penalty was decreased.

    He was a big sponsor of cultural activity and built many theatres in his castles, i.e. Gripsholm and Drottningholm and also Haga Park. He started many academies like "Svenska Akademin" (now responsible for the Nobel prize in literature). He played in many theatre shows..... it is been said that he wasn't a good actor though :-)

    He was assassinated by a group of people, when he was participating in a "Masquerade" at the Opera. The group was lead by Johan Anckarström who shot the king with a pistol. The king was hated by the nobility because of his reduction of their privileges and they were the "sponsor" of the murder. Gustav III died 13 days later from his wounds. Anckarström was beheaded one month later, the other in the group expelled from the country.

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    Well measurement

    by sim1 Updated Feb 3, 2004

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    Well at the Stortorget in the Gamla Stan

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Well measurement


    Nowadays you can see the old Stock Exchange on the Stortorget (the big square in the Gamla Stan), but this used to be the place for Stockholm’s city hall. The Stortorget was the natural centre for the people in old Stockholm. At one time this was the actual hub of which all distances were measured. You can still see on stones alongside the old main roads in Sweden the distance to the well at Stortorget.

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    Riksdag 1895 - 1904

    by sim1 Updated Feb 2, 2004

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    The Riksdag (Parliament House)

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Parliament House 1895 - 1904


    The Riksdag (Parliament House) was built on the island of Helgeandsholmen in 1895 - 1904. The architect, Aron Johansson, was influenced by German new-baroque style. The building was renovated 1971-1978 while the parliament was residing at the present Kulturhuset at Sergels square.

    The parliament consist of 349 members who are elected for a period of 3 years.

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    1833 - 1896 Alfred Bernhard Nobel

    by sim1 Updated Feb 2, 2004

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    Alfred Nobel

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Alfred Bernhard Nobel


    Alfred Nobel 1833-1896 was an inventor and entrepreneur. He invented in 1866 the dynamite (that is nitro-glycerine packaged in mineral making it less sensible for hits). Dynamite has become very important for the mining industry and it is also much in use in the building of roads and railroads. The Nobel enterprise grew very fast and with more than 90 factories in many countries Nobel became rich.

    Alfred Nobel was a pacifist and he was also opposed against the right of heritage. So instead of leaving his money to his family, he donated all his fortune to charity and a foundation. This foundation, "Nobel Committee", should yearly reward those who have contributed most to the welfare of mankind. The value of the Nobel prize was initially set to 100 years of a normal workers salary.

    In 1901 the first receivers of the prize were elected. The original Nobel prize categories are: Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature and Peace. In 1969 the Swedish National Bank added an "Economic prize" in the memory of Nobel.

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    Growth of Stockholm

    by sim1 Updated Feb 2, 2004

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    King Karl XII
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    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Growth of Stockholm


    Pest and cholera was the reason of many deaths in Stockholm area in the early 18th century. More then a fifth of the inhabitants in the growing capital died the terrible death of pest during September and October 1710. Cholera killed thousand of people in 1836 and 1854. Despite of the catastrophes Stockholm kept growing fast due to the industrializing and urbanization. New industries like Bolinder (later Volvo tractors and trucks), LM Ericsson (later Ericsson) was founded and they gave many people working opportunities.

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    Monument St.George and the Dragon

    by sim1 Written Jan 31, 2004

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    St.George and the Dragon at Stockholm Cathedral

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Monument St.George and the Dragon


    This legendary sculpture of the battle between St.George and the Dragon was taken as a victory monument of the battle of Brunkeberg (see previous tip). The monument is an alter monument for the shrine to St. George in the Stockholm Cathedral - Storkyrkan. The monument was commissioned by Sten Sture the Elder. There is a lot of symbolism seen in this monument. Sten Sture the Elder was seen as St.George, who was victorious over the dragon (King Christian of Denmark) saving the princess (Sweden).

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    1520 Stockholm Bloodbath 1520

    by sim1 Updated Jan 31, 2004

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    Stortorget in the Gamla Stan, Stockholm

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    1520 Stockholm Bloodbath 1520


    The Stockholm Bloodbath was the execution of more than 100 members of the highest Swedish nobility at the 8th and 9th of November 1520 at the Stortorget in Stockholm. The Stortorget is a beautiful square in the old Gamla Stan and with no doubt you will probably come across this square when you wander around in the Gamla Stan. It is strange to realize that such a bloodbath took place on this spot.
    The Danes and the Swedes had many 'infectious' battles in history which were the cause of a lot of vengeance, and this bloodbath was an example of that. The background of this bloodbath started with a dispute between Sten Sture the Younger and Archbishop Gustav Trolle. Gustav Trolle got support of his views at the Danish king Christian II. Sweden and Denmark gotten into battle again, and after the capitulation of Stockholm, Christian II was crowned as the Swedish king. Christian II had proclaimed general amnesty, but he didn't keep his word. Many of the former enemies of Gustav Trolle were accused and convicted in a swift trial. More than 100 of former opponents were executed at the Stortorget in the Gamla Stan. Among the killed was one of the most respected men in Sweden: Erik Johansson Vasa (the father of Gustav Vasa). The Stockholm Bloodbath caused a rebellion led by Gustav Eriksson Vasa against Christian II, which resulted in his execution and selection of Gustav Vasa as the new king.

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    Battle of Brunkeberg

    by sim1 Written Jan 31, 2004

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    Diarama of Battle of Brunkeberg at Medeltidsmuseum

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Battle of Brunkeberg


    An important date in Sweden's history is 10th October 1471 when the Battle of Brunkeberg (nowadays called Norrmalm; a part of Stockholm) took place. Sten Sture the Elder defeated the union King Christian I and his Swedish-Danish army. There were Swedes on both sides. The result, nevertheless, was clear though. The Danish King was the looser.
    In the picture you can see a diorama of the Battle of Brunkeberg at the Medeltids museum in Stockholm

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    Gustav Vasa

    by sim1 Updated Jan 31, 2004

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    Gustav Vasa

    Favorite thing:
    The history of Stockholm
    ~~~~~~
    Gustav Vasa


    Gustav Eriksson (Vasa) was the first of the Vasa dynasty (1496 -1560). He was Swedish King from 1523. He was the founder of modern Sweden and a beloved monarch, but also a tough guy. One of his major 'accomplishments' was to take away the power of the Catholic Church in Sweden and turn into a Lutheran state owned church. He confiscated the possessions of the Catholic Church, which made him able to pay the Swedish debts caused by a lot of warfare.
    Another accomplishment was that he managed to get the parliament to agree to a law that made the throne inheritable and by doing that he became a sovereign ruler of Sweden. Before this time they used to elect the kings, or just battle about it of course, lol ;-)
    He actually was never called Gustav Vasa during his lifetime, only Gustav Eriksson. His father was Erik Johansson Vasa, who was executed by Christian II at the Stockholm bloodbath (see above). You can see this painting of Gustav Vasa at Gripsholm Castle.

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