Central Uppsala, Uppsala
Uppsala University was founded in 1477, when the university's charter was signed. It is the oldest university in Scandinavia.
Nowadays more than 40.000 students are subscribed at the university, which has premises all over the city. The main building was opened in 1887 and can be found just west of the cathedral.
Other architecturally interesting university buildings are located at the English Park Campus (Engelska Parken), just north of the Botanical Garden. Among others the campus is home to the departments for humanities and theology.
The river Fyris (Fyrisån) flows right through the city centre of Uppsala and ends in the lake Mälaren just south of the city. With a length of approximately 80 km it is the longest river in the Uppland province.
Uppsala's main sights like the cathedral and the castle are located on the western side of the river. Many bridges span the river in the city centre and both banks invite for strolls with beautiful views of the city and the historic buildings.
Favorite thing: OK Listen....Friskis and Vattis in Uppsala is the worst gym I have ever seen or dealt with. The weight room is the size of a bathroom. The management are ridiculous. I paid 450 SEK, $75 USD for one month there. I didnt realize I had other options as for a gym. I was going to be there for 2 weeks, so I chose to sign up for the month at 450 SEK, since it was 75 SEK/day and would be cheaper since I work out 5-6 days a week. Well I worked out there 3 times and then asked if I could be refunded for my month. I even told them to charge me for the 3 days that I did work out. I would pay the daily rate. They said no....and the lady actually told me tough luck. (Ingrid- I guess a manager). I paid 450 SEK for 3 workouts in a gym that was horrible. I would use some choice words had I not wanted to offend anyone outside of this organization. I recommend S.A.T.S. They are actually about 50 feet passed Friskis on the same side. They have more to offer and have a much better personnel. Just another side note....make sure you bring shoes to wear at the gym, outside of what you wear to the gym. They both will make you take them off before entering the gym area. I didnt realize this.
After the crowning in Uppsala in January, 1528 (it was the capital of Sweden at that moment) Gustav Vasa suppressed all the revolts incited by noblemen in the country and strengthened his royal authority after the long period of the Danish domination.
In 1549 he ordered to construct a new castle in Uppsala. The king wished that a castle stood opposite to the Cathedral. There was a tradition the king crowned in a cathedral should celebrate this event in his own castle.
In 1593 Lutheranism was recognized as the predominating dogma just in the castle of Uppsala.
Twice there were strong fires in the castle in 1572 and in 1702. After last fire the castle suffered so strongly, that a part of stones from its walls was used for construction of the Royal castle in Stockholm. After a fire the castle came to desolation and crownings stopped there. It was used as a residence of governors of Uppland province, a prison and an archive.
In 1744 the castle was restored by Harleman. The State Hall which was used by wives of governors as a room for drying linen for a long time was restored in 1932. The university moved into the castle in 1980th.
Gustav Vasa's sons - Eric XIV and Johan III, made a lot for the castle. They transformed it in a royal residence. At Johan III there was constructed a Castle church. In 1580-90 there was an important period in the history of the castle. Many architects were invited from abroad and worked in Uppsala.
The State Hall of Uppsala was a place of banquets and celebratings in honour of crownings of many kings and queens, and also a place of carrying out of other festivals. On June, 6th, 1654 the queen Christina, - the daughter of the king Gustav II Adolf was abdicated there. She had accepted Catholics and could not remain on a throne of Lutheran Sweden. She was buried in Rome.