Brunswick Monument, Geneva
I started to walk along the lake at quai du Mont-Blank when I noticed a weird monument at the other side of the road. It is Brunswick Monument, which is actually an impressive mausoleum that was built for the Duke of Brunswick, Charles II d’Este-Guelph(1804-1873) which was an eccentric noble figure, linguist, musician and knight. He was expelled in 1830, moved into many European cities, made a fortune and returned in Geneva.
It was built in 1879 in neo-gothic style. Charles bequeathed his fortune to the city of Geneva in exchange of a monument, his only demand was that it would be a replica of the Scaliger Tombs in Verona! (5 tombs from 14th century, located in a court of the church Santa Maria Antica). Of course the authorities with so much money in their hands they built much more than just the monument including the Grand Theater and the Golden Gates of Parc des Bastions.
The monument has the shape of a small temple and covered by a baldachin but for safety reasons they moved the August Cain’s statue of the Duke on horseback next to the mausoleum (pic 5)
Born in Brunswick on October 30th 1804, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg Charles-Frederick August William, appointed Geneve as his residuary legatee after agreement after his death on August 18th 1873 . This was on the understandiong that Geneve would build him a mausoleum, based on the Scaliger tomb of Verona, in return for his munificence. It was finished six years later, architect Jean-Franel the lead designer.
August Cain’s statue of the Duke on horseback originally sat atop the mausoleum but was relocated at ground level in the gardens for safety reasons
This mauseoleum is located next to the Richemont Hotel, the Beau Rivage Hotel and the Hotel de la Paix, three of the city's five stars hotels. It was built in 1877 for an eccentric German nobleman, Charles II d'Este-Guelph, Duke of Brunswick, who came to live in Geneva to flee from political turmoil in Germany. He lived in one of the hotels and played chess with his guests. He once said that, were he not for his enormous wealth, he would already be in an insane asylum.
When he died in 1873 he gave all his money to the city of Geneva in exchange for the construction of this mausoleum, built in 1879 on the model of one in Italy. The city used the money to build the golden gates of Parc des Bastions and the city's opera, the Grand Theatre.
As I said you before Money.money,money....
The Duke of Brunswick died in Geneva in 1873. He left the city a large sum of money. One of the terms of his will stipulated that the city was to build a mausoleum in an eminent and worthy location without consideration of cost. The Mausolee du Duc de Brunswick, in the style of Scglieri's tomb in Verona is located on the south bank of the lake.
Linguist, horseman, musician and also a talented investor, Charles d’Este-Guelph, Duke of Brunswick, he spent the last three years of his life in Geneva, where he died in 1873, leaving the city a tidy sum of money.
One of the terms of his will specified that it was to build “a mausoleum in an eminent and worthy location, executed according to the established concept by the finest artists of the time, without consideration of cost”.
This was done, on the superb site along the quay, on the Square des Alpes.