[…] Impressive erotic art of Lausanne born Aloise Corbaz, consisting primarily of beautiful women attended by lovers in military uniform, was included in Jean Dubuffet's initial collection of psychiatric art. Aloise's inability to fulfill her career and love desires led her into schizophrenia and she was hospitalized in 1920. In hospital she started drawing and writing poetry in secret; director of the hospital and general practitioner first took an interest in 1936, and her work was finally discovered by Dubuffet in 1947. She used the vivid colors of crayons, pencils, and flower juice to fill entire sheets of paper. Her work is among the most famous displayed in the Art Brut Collection.
Italian Carlo spent 27 years in psychiatric hospital in Verona, since the age of 29 until his death. His magnificently strong art is "a sort of symbolic reply to the systematic dehumanization to which he had been subjected".
Frenchman Augustin Lesage was praised by the Surrealists. Born in 1876, at age of 7, he lost his younger sister, and 28 years later he heard at the bottom of the mine, frightened, a voice telling him: "One day you will be painter." After that he involved in Spiritualism and produced some 800 works as the medium-painter. Convinced that he was not the author of the paintings he had been executing, he had attributed them to his sister Marie, Leonardo da Vinci, Apollonius of Tyana and later to an unknown Egyptian painter whose reincarnation he had believed to be. His beautiful, meticulous painted geometric compositions are among the treasures of the collection.
Nek Chand is one of the rare Art Brut authors who received recognition and fame during his life. Recently purchased sculptures from his stupendous undertaking called "The Rock Garden of Chandigarh" are among the most attractive exhibits of the Art Brut Collection in Lausanne.
Some of the other authors whose works are in the Art Brut Collection are Emile Ratier, Emile Josome Hodinos and Marguerite Sirvins from France, Italian Eugenio Santoro, Baya from Algeria, Dutch Willem van Genk, Madge Gill from England, Serbian Jovan Radovic, Scottie Wilson from Scotland, Helmut Nimczewski from Germany…
The Art Brut Collection is seen by nearly 40,000 visitors every year. In parallel to its permanent collection, temporary exhibitions are organized as well.
At the entrance to the Collection de l'Art Brut – the Art Brut Collection visitors face the words of French artist Jean Dubuffet: "Art does not come and lie down at the beds that have been made for it; it runs away as soon as anyone utters its name: what it likes is being incognito. Its best moments are when it forgets what it is called". Art Brut is the term created by Dubuffet to describe art of self-taught creators who have eluded cultural conditioning and social conformity and remained outside the boundaries of official culture. Art Brut includes the art of prisoners, inmates of psychiatric hospitals, eccentrics, loners, misfits, outcasts… Eager to ensure a public and permanent status for his collection of Art Brut, Jean Dubuffet offered it to the city of Lausanne in 1971. The Art Brut Collection was inaugurated at the Chateau de Beaulieu in 1976.
Nowadays the Art Brut Collection possess about 35,000 pieces. Some of the creators of the works presented in this collection achieved a world-wide fame, the others are hardly known about…
Henry Darger become famous for his posthumously discovered 15,145-page fantasy manuscript called The Story of the Vivian Girls, in What is known as the Realms of the Unreal, of the Glandeco-Angelinnian War Storm, Caused by the Child Slave Rebellion, along with several hundred drawings and watercolor paintings illustrating the story. Many of his massive compositions created by tracing images from popular magazines and children's books, with characteristic and very strange appearance of girls with penises, are the part of permanent collection, and they are exhibited in separate room.
Misfit Vojislav Jakic spend all of his life in Despotovac, Serbia, living in poverty, but never stopped drawing. His stunning huge drawings are important part of the collection. For the complete insight in the most of his works it is necessary to read Cyrillic and to know Serbian language, because a bitter messages, essential for the understanding of his art, are written all over his drawings.
To be continued in PART II…
An exibition design specially for chidren (3 and up)
The Collection is inhibited by all sorts of funny-looking, crazy and mysterious creatures. These animals, real and imaginary, were created by self-taught artists. Euganio Santoro sculpted wood, whereas Rodolfo Abelle assembled branches and roots he collected, each then giving a shape to a life -size horse. Heinrich Anton Muller drew homed squirrel in graphite, while Ignacio Carles Tolora painted a fascinated bird with bright colors. These creatures invite the visitors to discover Art Brut strange or mischievous bestiary.
The Collection de l'Art Brut presents works by self-taught creators who, for various reasons, escaped cultural conditioning and social conformity.
Marginalised people entrenched in the attitude of a rebellious spirit or impervious to collective norms and values, those who produce Art Brut include prisoners, inmates of psychiatric hospitals, eccentrics, loners and misfits. They work in solitude, secrecy and silence, unconcerned by public criticism or the gaze of others. Their works are unaffected by influence from artistic traditions and apply singular methods of representation. these creators devise their own techniques, often with completely novel means and materials.
The concept: museum that exhibits art from mentaly diseased people. May sound weird and you could expect super special exhibitions but it is not actually more absurd than contemporary art... Very original exhibitions, the artists really create from their own world. I remember about an American who created a whole fantasy world, with characters who were evolving through all his paintings. Extremely interesting and breaks some of the clichés about mentality diseased people.
This museum has one of the most interesting and disturbing collections around… Established in 1976, the concept is to present art (sculpture, paintings, collage, etc.) created by people living on the fringes of humanity…literally…was born… The Artists of “Art Brut” have no formal artistic training; they themselves are those mentally disturbed, social outcasts and prisoners who have found some urge deep within them that has inspired them to create. The resulting works are outside the bounds of all other artistic genre.
Visit The Collection de l’Art Brut.
The art is not by well known artists but is a compilation of art by artists that have been in mental institutions, lived alone or were in a religious trance.
Not only does it show you the art but it tells you about the life of the artist which is sometimes more interesting than the art.
It's fantastic, it has several levels and different styles of art.
Definatly worth checking it out.
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