After the connection of the Crimea to Russia in the end of the XVIII Alupka belonged to the prince Potyomkin, later - to the general Revelioti who was the commander of Greek Balaklava battalion (the Crimean boundary protection of that time). In the first half of the XIX manor has passed to the count M. Vorontsov.
Vorontsovsky Palace is located in Alupka manor of Michael Vorontsov who was the count and the general - governor of Novorossisk edge which included the Crimea.
The palace has been constructed under the project of English architect Edward Blore. He possessed ideas of designs of the Buckingham palace and Westminster Abbey. Edward Blore was the court architect of the king Wilhelm IV and the queen Victoria. He was invited by Vorontsov for the construction of the palace in Alupka. He took part in the construction of the Buckingham palace in London and Walter Skott's Castle in Scotland before that.
In 1945, Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met at Livadia Palace to decide the future of Europe. The meeting became known as the Yalta Conference and was probably one of the 20th century's most important historical events. During the conference Winston Churchill and the English delegation lived in Vorontsov Palace. They choose this place because it reminded them their own country.
I advise you to visit Vorontsov Palace and Park . There are a lot of beautiful photos.
The most interesting historic background I've found Vorontsov.
Ai-Petri (Sacred Peter it is in Greek) - the mountain which has become one of favourite symbols of the Crimea. It is situated just above Alupka and create a spesific climate around it.
Its height is only 1234 meters. It is not the greatest Crimean mountain, but the silhouette of this mountain finishes the most beautiful line of an amphitheater from the sea - from the cape of Ai-Todor with Swallw Nest - up to well-known white toothes. The Toothes of Ai-Petri form four large (height 12-15) and a number of fine steep peaks which have formed at aeration non-uniform reef of limestones.
With closer examination it is possible to find out tubules of corals. It is difficult to realize really that power which has lifted a coral reef on such height!
The rope road which has become operational in 1987 conducts to Ai-Petri. Its length is 3 km, time of rise - 20 minutes.
The Ai-Todor Lighthouse is situated near Alupka and the Swallow Nest. It doesn’t astonishes anybody (but nobody didn’t even try to hit this aim!), but every night it attracts people’s attention because of the green flashes which are seen at a distance of the many miles from the Lighthouse. It warns the sailors of the rocks and beach, it helps the navigators to "fix" sharply - as sailors say.
However, both the Swallow Nest and the Lighthouse are situated on the place which is famous itself, moreover since the profound antiquity. In the first century A.D.,when the Crimea was in the power of the mighty Roman Empire, on the cape the strong fortress was built here, known now as "The Harax". There were the garrison of the Roman legionnaires staying here; many warships were stopping at the small bay. They were keeping their patrol duties and fighting against the pirates on the territory of the Black Sea.
Since long times the Swallow Nest has become one of the main symbols of the Southern Part of the Crimea. The Swallow Nest was built to surprise, attract general attention. It`s very original and - even can be said - courageous building.
It was built by the architect Sherwood in 1912. You should visit it - this wonderful and picturesque creation is worth it - to appreciate totally the boldness of the architect and the builders. Also the view - when you`re staying on the balcony - is just majestic.
A long period of time the Swallow Nest had been in an emergency condition, but then it was reconstructed and strengthened in 1970. View "Swallow's Nest" - medieval looking castle perched on a cliff overlooking the sea.
Swallow's Nest is a fairy tale castle, the glory of a million post-cards, perched at the top of a sheer cliff on Cape Ai-Todor, about 10 km west of Yalta. Built for Baron Shteingel, a German oil magnate, it's now an Italian restaurant.
Unfortunately I failed to visit the Nest twice. First it was in 1967 when I was a boy and the Castle was closed on restoration. Second it was now in 2007. We could only admire from the distance... It was a great pity because two years before I saw its prototype - Lihtenstein Castle in Baden-Wuerttemberg. I dreamed to watch it 40 years later my first visit, but...