In 1920 under an impact of the Red army (Bolsheviks) the rests of the White army and numerous emigrants were evacuated from Crimea. In 1922 Crimea was included in the structure of the USSR as an autonomous republic.
In 1941 Crimea was grasped by hitlerite armies. The beginning of war was marked again by the heroic (already the second!) defense of Sevastopol'. In 1944 fascists were exempt from Crimea. The conference of the heads of the governments of the USSR, the USA and Great Britain passed in February of 1945 in Yalta where many respects of the world problems were discussed for post-war time, including the decision on the organization of the United Nations was accepted there.
In 1954 under the USSR leader Khruschev's order Crimea became a part of Ukraine. This formal in many respects decision of the head of the USSR (he was the head of Ukraine just several years before) became unexpectedly determining in 1991 when the USSR has broken up. Crimea became an Ukrainian territory under already not formally decision of the head of Russia Yeltsin and the head of Ukraine Kravchuk.
So, being in structure of the Russian empire and the USSR more than 200 years, Crimea has appeared beyond the Russian border! Therefore in January, 2007 we went abroad to have a winter rest in Ukranian Crimea!
You can see Stalin, Khruschev, Eltzin, Kravchuk, Ushenko and Putin on my picture...
In the end of XVII and the beginning of XVIII centuries the Russian Tsar Peter I began the struggle against Turkey. Wars proceeded almost hundred years.
In 1774 the peace treaty was concluded and Crimea passed under protectorate of Russia. In 1783 the Russian Impress Katherine II liquidated the Crimean Khanate and included Crimea in the structure of Russia.
In 1853-1856 there was a Crimean war which Russia lost to incorporated forces of Turkey, England, France and Sardinia (France and England were allies may be for the first time in their history!). However this war was marked by the heroic defense of Sevastopol'. In 1871 London convention cancelled the peace treaty of 1856 and Russia gained again the dominating position in Crimea and on the Black sea.
You may see on the pic: Katherine II and her favorite Potjomkin Tavrichesky;
general Osman-Pasha and admiral Nakhimov
Crimea is mentioned in Greek sources as Taurida named after tribes who lived in the Southern coast of the peninsula. It is considered, that ancient Greek colonies appeared in Crimea in VIII - VI centuries B.C.
Later independent Greek cities-states of East Crimea were united in the Bosphor state. The largest city was Panticapaeum (Kerch nowadays). The second-largest - Chersones (Sevastopol' nowadays).
In the V-th century Chersonese became the main city on the peninsula. A Byzantian garrison was placed there. In 988 Kiev prince Vladimir accepted christening in Chersonese. In the same year in Kiev he christened Russia.
In the XIIIth century Tatars came to Crimea. They formed the Crimean Khanate with the capital in Bakhchisarai. Almost simultaneously with Tatars genoeses began the development of Crimea and founded the city-port of Kafa (Feodosiya nowadays). In the XV-th century the Crimean Khanate was subordinated by Ottoman empire.
Fondest memory: The famous fountain of tears in the Khan palace. This fountain inspired Alexander Pushkin (famous russian poet) to create the poem 'Bakchisaray fountain', the story of Khan's love to his young concubine. When she died the Khan mourned over her death so much, so he asked his sculptor to create this fountain that symbolizes his grief.
Fondest memory: Ai-Petri peak rises on the South coast of Crimea. 'Ai-Petri' means St. Peter. You can get Peter on foot or use a cable car. The view from the peak is magnificent. They say when the weather is clear it is possible to see the Turkey minarets from here, but is is just a joke :)
Fondest memory: The ruins of the Khersones, the ancient Greece colony in Crimea. Khersones is easily accessed from Sevastopol
Favorite thing: Visit Bakchisaray. This city was the capital of the Crimea khanate. You can visit the remains of the Khan palace, it is really interesting.
I came to this Hotel only because it was the nearest one to me, right in the center of Simferopol....more
2 Krasnova Street, Yalta, 98600, Ukraine
Good for: Families
2 Lenina Street, Alushta, 98500, UA
Good for: Business