According to the census of 1939 more than two hundred thousand Tatars lived in the Crimea, or 20 % of the whole population. In 1944 all Crimean Tatars were deported from the Crimea to the Central Asia and Kazakhstan. To Crimea Russians and Ukrainians from various areas of the USSR were moved to the Crimea, and all material and spiritual traces of the Tatar-Muslim civilization of the Crimea were destroyed.
Until the gain of the Crimea by Russia in the XVIII century there were more than 1500 mosques. About 700 mosques remained just before the Great October revolution in 1917. After deportation of Tatars all the mosques which had kept by then, were transferred in hands to new authorities of the Crimea, then their most part was destroyed. Till 1980th no one mosque was kept in the Crimea in a satisfactory condition.
Now Crimean Tatars gradually come back to the Crimea. Significant social pressure is noticeable in mass media. It is a great problem of the Crimea... There are 58 mosques now in the Crimea. New mosques were opened recently in suburbs of Simferopol’. One of them I saw on a way from Simferopol’ to Yalta.
Simferopol’, as a rule, is only a starting point for travel across the Crimea for tourists coming there to have a rest.
During high season there arrive 9 trains from Moscow on the railway station a day (nearby 5000 persons). It will take you 23 hours to get Simferopol’ from Moscow by train. Only 2 trains arrive there in low season. An additional train goes from Moscow in New Year's and Christmas holidays (I guess in May's holidays as well).
We arrived by such a train "Ivan Turgenev" ("Oryol railways"). Besides that trains from Saint Petersburg, Voronezh, Vorkuta and other cities of Russia and Ukraine come everyday but not so often as from Moscow.
It is possible to reach Evpatoria, Sevastopol, Kerch and Feodosiya from Simferopol by an electric local train ("electrichka").
I have lifted this statement off of the Embassy web site in the UK.
Ukraine sets visa free regime for citizens of the United States of America starting 1st July 2005, citizens of Canada and Japan starting 1st August 2005, citizens of the European Union countries, Swiss Confederation and Liechtenstein starting 1st September 2005.
And you can stay for upto 90 days, And now we dont need an Invitation.
Favorite thing: This one is a little harder to get to, but it's pretty new so it won't be as crowded as the others yet. At Soviet Square (same square as the Kinotheater Simferopol), on the East/Southeast side there is a new shopping complex call the "Passage". Head around the left side of the building and go in the door and up to the 3rd floor. The name of the places is simply "Internet Club :)" and bills itself as a business center. The prices are about $1 per hour to surf the web, but you get a curtained cubicle to sit in. The only tricky thing is if you are not used to using one of the other kinds of Internet browsers (Mozilla, etc.), you may find it a bit strange. The staff on hand (one guy) is very helpful and can explain everything to you.
I always like to have a city map when I a visit this or that city.
This is the map of the city (in Russian).
Favorite thing: World War II touched everybody throughout the former Soviet Union and the Crimea was no exception. There is a nice monument downtown detailing the progression of the war and notable dates and places.
Favorite thing: In Gagarin park, you can find the monument dedicated to the unknown soldier. As an ex-military man, I'm really impressed with how veterans are treated in Ukraine.
Time of excursion about 2 hours. My recommend - take
warm things(for example : half-hose),because temperature in cave 10 C. And you can take to hire duster coat.