The Winery is undoubtedly the city sight #1.
You can also pay a visit to the Local Lore Museum
+38 06274 2 25 95
+38 06274 2 19 68
26 Sovietskaya Street
and to St.Nicolas Church dedicated in 1797 and located at 8 Shevchenko Street.
Tel. +38 06274 6 26 40
That is what we observed during our winery tour.
The old gypsum tunnels are also known for as the place os mass axecutions during the Second World War.
There is a memorial to the Innocent Victoms of Nazism here.
You can see three white figures of victims and candles installed onto the wall. There is a Book of Mourning in front of the memorial.
The inscription on the memorial plaque reads,
Here, during the period of the temporary Nazi occupation,
within the period from January 5 through 9, 1942,
over 3,000 Soviet citizens
were barbarically slaughtered.
The residents of Artemivsk shall never forget
that unheard-of atrocity of Nazi invaders.
Eternal Glory to you, innocent victims of fascism.
There is another memorial plaque near that one. It is the memorial plaque to hundreds of Jewish residents of Artemibsk massacred here during the last war.
The Hebrew and Russian inscriptions on the white memorial plaque with the Star of David read,
May God remember the souls of the Jews! Amen!
The Winery Foundation Memorial with the year 1950 is next to the war memorial.
We simply walked down the tunnel and soon we were told we were walking at the depth of 72 meters below ground.
We did not visit all the production premises. The winery has 29 hectares of production premises below ground.
We walked for about two hours, but did not feel tired at all, whether it was due to the air or to ventilation there. Besides, curiosity did not allow us to get tired, I believe. Our curiosity was duly awarded.
We managed to find out a lot of interesting things about how the wines are brewed and bottled.
Who could have thought the process requires so much tedious attitude and care!
I think I will have more appreciation to a bottle of sparkling wine now and will consume it not bottoms up, but sipping and enjoying every moment of this “Drink of Gods”.
Here are More Pictures of the Winery.
The winery has a company store where you can buy sparkling wine with a discount as well as a number of company souvenirs: baseball caps, pens, etc.
What to buy: sparkling wine, vodka, brandy and/or souvenirs
What to pay: 50 UAH and up
Bacchus - the Roman God of Wine - is duly revered here.
You can see two of his sculptures: a bas-relief over the entrance to the production premises and his sculpture with two female assistants in the Wine Tasting Hall.
I especially admired the latter one.
We had our pictures taken in front of it after the wine tasting session was over.
Artemivsk observes its City Day on the second Saturday of September after September 1. In 2012 it is September 15.
The city’s coat-of-arms was adopted on March 26, 1996.
The old coat-of-arms of Bakhmut (as the city was called before 1924) was accepted.
The coat-of-arms symbolizes natural richness of the Bakhmut Area: coal (black) and fertility of vegetation (green). You can see the chemical sign of salt in the middle.
Artemivsk county has its own coat-of-arms and flag too.
They have similar symbolism plus wheat ears and the sun with wheat ears as its rays.
During our winery tour the guide warned us about taking pictures.
It is prohibited to take pictures inside the production premises where the workers operate robots and other machines.
I think is is connected with flash like at an arts museum where I could only take a couple of pictures with no flash.
In spite of the warning, I managed to take a picture of a female worker doing visual control of filled bittles, with no flash.
Taking pictures of the corridors and bottle storage shop is not prohibited.
More Pictures of the Winery
Artemivsk Winery is famous for being the world’s only winery located 72 meters below ground.
The wine production takes places deep below ground in the special microclimate of former gypsum tunnels.
Prussian engineer Edmund Farke, who built several factories in Bakhmut (now Artemivsk), used local deposits of gypsum for development of production of plaster of Paris (called “alebaster” here) at the end of the 19th century.
Later the gypsum tunnels were neglected and flooded. They were only rediscovered after the Second World War.
On June 29, 1950 a new winery was dedicated.
The unique microclimate of gypsum tunnels was used for successful production of many wine sorts.
The winery premises boast stable annual temperature of +12+14 degrees Centigrade and favorable humidity of 88-90%.
The winery uses wine materials from Crimea as well as from Ukraine’s southern regions: Odessa Region, Kherson Region and Mykolayiv Region.
The winery’s products became well known all over the world after 1972 when the winery started its export program. Germany, Russia, United States, Canada and Australia are its biggest trade partners now.
World connoisseurs of wines value the products of Artemivsk Winery. These wines have won a lot of prestigious international prizes, among them:
- the Prize of the International Trade Leaders’ Club;
- the Golden Star “The Arc of Europe” for mastership and quality;
- the Best Sparkling Wine of Eastern Europe - the VITeff’s award.
At present the winery produces over a dozen of sorts of sparkling wines:
- White Brut Zero;
- White Extra Brut;
- White Brut;
- White Dry;
- White Semidry;
- White Semisweet;
- Muscat Brut;
- Muscat Semidry;
- Muscat Semisweet;
- Muscat Rose Semisweet;
- Rose Brut;
- Rose Semidry;
- Red Brut;
- Red Semisweet.
Fondest memory: the winery tour