Between May 18 and May 20, 1944, the Crimea's entire Tatar population was herded up by Stalin's security forces, after being accused by Stalinist propaganda of siding with the Nazis. They were crammed into cargo trains and sent to Central Asia. Thousands perished during the long trip in overcrowded railcars without adequate food and water. At the time of the deportation, the Tatars were Soviet citizens and the Crimea was part of the Russian Soviet Republic. When they started coming back they were caught in a legal limbo since the Crimea had in the meantime become part of the Ukraine.
Fondest memory: By now an estimated 90 percent of Tatar returnees have been granted Ukrainian nationality.
Ukraine was the center of the first Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Fondest memory: The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising agaist the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to bring about a short-lived period of independence (1917-1920), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 million more deaths. Although independence was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, true freedom remains elusive as many of the former Soviet elite remain entrenched, stalling efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties.
It is located in the southern part of Ukraine in the Steppe Region, in the basin of the lower reaches of the Dnipro. Four state museums and numerous preserves have been opened for tourists.
Fondest memory: The territory of present day Khersonska Oblast was inhabited more than 20,000 years ago. In ancient and medieval times the Scythians, Sarmatians, Pechenegs and Polovtsi roamed these steppes. The Gilea Lower Dnipro Sands are a sacred place of the Scythians, one of the myths about Hercules is connected with this region. Thousands of burial mounds are scattered throughout the Kherson steppes. Kherson Oblast is a land of Cossack glory. The ruins of Cossack Sich settlements and the grave of Kostia Hordienko, the last of their commanders, can be found in the village of Kamenska Sich.
Religions in Kherson :
- Ukrainian Orthodox,
- Moscow Patriarchate,
- Ukrainian Orthodox
- Kiev Patriarchate,
- Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox,
- Ukrainian Catholic (Uniate),
Kherson Commercial Sea Port is a modern port and one of the biggest in Ukraine. The Port was founded in 1778.
The Port is comfortably situated in the Dnieper delta 53 miles off the Black Sea. It is an important river and sea junction of Ukraine. The sea port is open for navigation all year round.
Fondest memory: Kherson Port is specialised in the handling of bulk and packed chemical and mineral fertilisers with covered and open storage and with storing in floating barges. There is a special reloading complex for bulk fertilisers and packing production line for bulk cargoes in bags. The Port uses modern technologies and equipment. This provides the opportunity to handle different kinds of transports. The port cranes with lifting capacity up to 10 tones and floating cranes with lifting capacity up to 150 tones are used during the reloading operations.
Kherson Commercial Sea Port tranships in any direction all kinds of export - import and cabotage cargoes, but wet cargoes.