Korolenko Street was called The city's greenest street for the great number pf trees per square meter. Alas, lots of those trees have been cut down or had their tops cut by the city administration and look ugly now without their tops.
The street was called after Vladimir Korolenko (February 15, 1853 – December 25, 1921), a famous Russian writer.
Vladimir Korolenko was a humanist writing about poor people fighting for their freedom. He was good at story-telling and wrote a number of well-known short stories such as “Blind Musician”, “In the Hungry Year”, “Mary’s Message” and others.
I enjoyed taking a stroll along this street when I was a student.
The street connects Khmelnitsky Street downtown and Pushkin Street in the Old Town.
General Ivanov Street is one of the longest in Rubizhne.
It is more than 2.5 kilometers long.
It runs parallel to Detour Road between Kotsiubinsky Street and Mira Street (Peace Street).
The street was called in honor of General Nickolay Ivanov whose division - the 41st Guards Infantry Division - liberated Rubizhne from Nazi invaders on January 31, 1943.
The street was called after General Nickolay Ivanov (1900-1975) in 1967.
There is a very picturesque Ivanov monument located at the crossing of Ivanov Street and International Street.
The momument was dedicated on November 6, 1977.
Walking along Khmelnitsky Street and Students Street you will notice that several apartment houses have the completion year laid with bricks at the central facade.
I saw the oldest completion year - 1930 - in Club Lane.
There is an apartment house in Rudenko Street with the year 1937.
You can see a couple of apartment houses with after-war years on them: this one - 1954 - in Khmelnitsky Street and another one located opposite the city hospital with the year - 1955 on it.
When a schoolboy, I always paid attention to those years laid with bricks and wanted to find out more about how the city developed.
You will not miss this cliff, if you arrive to Rubizhne by car or by bus.
It will be to your left after you turn from the main road in Factory Street.
The chalk cliff is located at the territory of the former brick factory and is a wonder of nature.
Certainly it deserves more attention and I feel I have to allow some time for its exploration some day.
I simply call it a cliff, although it represents the remains of chalk storage of the former brick factory. They used to bring chalk from elsewhere and left it in the open, which led to the formation of this artificial cliff.
Students' Street also starts in the Old Town and leads to the new districts with nine-storey apartment houses.
This three-storey apartment house at 4 Students Street has a Stalin era inscription 5 B 4, which means 5 in 4, that is,
"We will fulfill the five-year plan in four years!
It was a very popular Communist slogan of the first Stalin era five-year plans.
Like no other apartment house in Rubizhne, this one has a unique design. The room height is 2.85 meters, which is a typical Stalin era room height. Those apartments are called Stalinka now and are considered to be very valuable in the commodity market owing to their height.
The apartment house has only eighteen apartments, among them many four-room apartments designed for leading industrial specialists who were among the first lucky residents who moved into this apartment house in the thirties.
The city leisure center is officially called Kirov Palace of Culture .
It is located opposite the City Council building.
There are several societies of amateur activities there, among them a young people's dance studio.
Also, you can see a movie or a concert here.
If you go down Kirov Avenue, you will get to the City Park dedicated in 1934.
This district is bounded by Khmelmitsky Street, Kirov Avenue, Pushkin Street and Lenin Street.
The apartment houses were built in the fifties and have a special design.
They have never been properly repaired for decades and many of them look very old now. It especially concerns the balconies. I don't know if the tenants can stand on those shabby balconies.
I really liked this old balcony in the apartment house at the corner of Kirov Street and Khmelnitsky Street. It's a tiny balcony, but I am sure it has been a good place for people watching for decades.
Many apartment owners have repaired their balconies and had completely new ones installed.
As a result, the entire facade looks a bit hectic now.
Kirov Avenue is limited by Pomeranchuke Street and Moscow Avenue. It is 1.5 miles long. Kirov monument erected in 1965 used to stand at the beginning of this avenue until it was scavenged by local hooligans one fine day. Also, there was a huge and impressive leisure center at the beginning of this avenue. The leisure center was built in 1934, but was scavenged and completely demolished in the times of the independent Ukraine. It was not scavenged and demolished by Nazi invaders in war times, but by local hooligans in the nineties of the last century.
The street became the first Soviet street of Rubizhne in 1934 and was called after Sergey Kirov, - the Communist party boss of Leningrad region , an outstanding Soviet leader, who became – or rather, was made - one of the Soviet idols after he had been murdered in his office in the Smolny Institute that housed the Communist party regional committee on December 1, 1934. No other Soviet leader deserved or received such a posthumous honor as him. It is a rather strange phenomenon I must say.
His death was used by the authorities as a pretext of mortal purges against the Soviet people.
Those purges within the five years after Kirov's death cost lives of millions of innocent people all over the Soviet Union.
I have found an interesting story about Kirov’s death.
Who knows, maybe it was "Old Joe Stalin" himself who had organized the conspiracy to put Kirov out of the way as a possible rival and then to use his death as a pretext for the massive paranoia purges directed against any possible opposition in the society, thus killing two birds with one stone…
You only have to study history a bit more to understand that it was a kind of a plan to make him a martyr, an idol and to justify the purges by saying that Kirov had been murdered by the public enemies.
It was disputed whether Kirov had been killed in the corridor of the Communist Party HQ in Leningrad by a solo killer or by his own guard "on the high request and by the decision from above"...
I am sorry our old Leisure Center that was called Kirov Palace of Culture lay in ruins until it was completely demolished.
You can't miss the site as you walk down Kirov Avenue and then farther to Smirnov Street.
The huge building of the former leisure center dated back to 1934.
It must have been a great site for its time.
Its wall reach the height of a modern nine-storey apartment house or even higher.
It was built of local bricks manufactured in Rubizhne and represented the Triumph of the Stalin Era.
I remember going there when a schoolboy. I went to the movies, to the library or to see a new play or listen to a new concert.
Its Big Hall was a masterpiece of Soviet architecture.
The residents of Rubizhne are proud of Academician Isaac Pomeranchuke who lived and studied in Rubizhne.
Isaac Pomeranchuke (May 20, 1913 – December 14, 1966) was an outstanding Soviet physicist.
He was born in Warsaw. His father, Jacob Pomeranchuke, was a chemical engineer and his mother Amalia was a doctor. During the First World War the Pomeranchukes, a Jewish family, moved to Russia and settled in Rubizhne. Issac finished a seven-year secondary school here in 1927 and the chemical vocational school attached to Rubizhne chemical factory in 1929. He worked as a worker for two years and then became a student in Lenigrad.
Pomeranchuke Street is one of the main streets of the Old Town.
It is 2,590 meters long.
It connects Liberators Street in the east and “Khimik” stadium in the west.
There are apartment houses, private houses, stores, a vocational school and the city transport enterprise in this street.
This memorial is located in the city park in Liberators Street behind the City Council Square and near the Ukrtelekom building.
It was dedicated on October 26, 1999 to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the withdrawal of the Soviet troops from Afghanistan.
Soldiers’ memorial plaque is dedicated to three soldiers who perished in Afghanistan.
They were posthumously awarded with Red Star Order.
Sergeant Ivan Shpanka
perished on July 6, 1982
Private Igor Lebedev
perished on February 14, 1984
Private Victor Shtepa
perished on February 19, 1984
The memorial plaque at the frpont side of the pedestal reads,
To Internationalists Soldiers
from the thankful residents of the city of Rubizhne, October 1999.
You can see a Soviet border pole with number 81 to the right of the monument. The inscription on the black marble plaque beside it reads,
To the border guards seared by the fire of Afghanistan
Some videos on this topic from Rubizhne:
Dedication of the Afghan War Memorial,
October 26, 1999
Afghan War Military Glory Memorial Room
There is a Famine Memorial in Rubizhne, like in many other cities such as Kiev, Luhansk and others.
The memorial is located at the entrance to the new city cemetery (next to the cardboard factory).
It represents a black Orthodox cross with a black marble memorial plaque at its foot.
The memorial plaque reads,
To the victims of the Famine of 1932-1933
A fairy-tale castle with a café, fountains, merry-go-rounds, an electric train, dancing grounds and other attractions – this is what awaits kids and their parents who come to relax in this new park.
It is open from 3 p.m. on weekdays and all day on weekends.
The park was built at the place of an old neglected park. It was dedicated on April 28, 2012 in what we call Yuzhnaya (Southern District).
The mass media say the reconstruction of the park cost about $700,000.
Zaria Factory and an MP from Rubizhne sponsored the entire renovation.
Here are some pictures of the Construction of the Kids’ Café
and a short video of a local TV program about The New Park
If you walk in the Old Town along Smirnov Street, from the city militia administration building, you will soon reach School No.1 built in 1929 - the first city school.
You can see an old monument opposite the school building.
There is neither a memorial plaque or a name there now. Even the nice iron chains that used to adorn the monument as a fence have disappeared. Now the locals may have no idea who this nameless monument was dedicated to.
This monument was built in the twenties to honor Vatslav Vorovsky soon after he had been assasinated.
Not many people in Rubizhne realize now what the city had in common with that Soviet leader.
We, young and naive schoolchildren of the seventies, were told at school that the monument was the first Vorovsky monument in Ukraine.
Vorovsky monument was designed by Samson Lazurenko, a worker of the city chemical factory who had met Vorovsky in person in Odessa and made friends with him.
Samson Lazurenko was the chairman of the city factory's trade unions at that time, which meant he was a Soviet VIP who was even more important than the city mayor. Samson was also a very active Communist party member.
It was Samson Lazurenko who insisted on the erection of that monument in Rubizhne - the monument to his personal friend.
Thanks to the Internet I found out more about Vorovsky.
Vatslav Vorovsky (1871-1923) was a Soviet statesman, the Soviet ambassador in Italy. He was murdered in Lausanne in 1923 by the representatives of the Russian White Guards.
Vatslav Vorovsky (in Polish: Waclaw Worowskij), whose Bolshevik party name was Josephine, and two of his comrades came to Lausanne, Switzerland, to take part at the Middle East conference, although the Soviet delegation had not been invited.
They arrived to Lausanne in the morning of May 10, 1023 and in the evening of the same day during their dinner at the restaurant of Hotel Cecil a 26-year-old citizen of Switzerland Maurice Alexander Conradi (1896-1946), a Russian emigrant of Swiss descent, a member of the Swiss Fascist League, shot Vorovsky on the back of his head and wounded his two comrades.
Maurice Conradi had suffered under the Soviet regime in Russia. The courts acquitted Conradi on November 16 in view of Vorovsky’s participation in Bolshevik crimes against humanity.
The incident brought Switzerland and Russia to a state of extreme tension.
More about that murder
Vorovsky Movie Theater
There is a monument to Vatslav Vorovsky in the area of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry.
Vorovsky was buried in Red Square in Moscow as an outstanding Soviet statesman.
During my stroll along Engels Street I discovered this funny (well, attractive) sign that reads,
Unleashed German shepherd
Would you like to enter that door uninvited? I wouldn't.
Although that plaque might be just a joke.
Engels Street is where you can see a variety of houses if you start walking or driving from Liberators Street (across tghe street from St.George's Church foundation cross) to Detour Road.