Among the 122 rivers flowing in our region one should mention the right-bank tributaries of the Seversky Donets:
the Velyka Kamianka
and the left-bank tributaries:
You can bathe in some of the tributaries, but not in the Donets itself for it has been forbidden by the sanitary inspection for about 15 years already.
There are also 60 lakes and more than 300 ponds and other water reserves.
They say you can only bathe in five of the lakes and in several ponds…
In other words, bathing is at your own risk!
The stubborn statistics says that 119 (!) persons found their death in the lakes and ponds of Luhansk region in 2008, among them two children. Rest in peace! Many of the victims were drunk...
Ukrainian Focus magazine reports that as of April 2009, Luhansk has become the criminal capital of Ukraine.
According to the statictic data, the number of crimes per 10,000 people is 57 within the first four months of 2009. :-(
Two more cities of Luhansk region are among top five criminal cites of Ukraine:
Lissichansk (54 crimes per 10,000 people)
and Krasnodon (46.9 crimes per 10,000 people).
At present Luhansk region has a relatively low recreation potential that can only provide a short rest for not more than 20% of the population of the region.
In comparison to 1990, health situation in Luhansk region looked like this: in 2006, as calculated per 100,000 of population, the number of patients looked like this:
- patients with malignant tumors has increased by 39.5 %;
- patients with active form of TB – in 3.6 times;
- patients syphilis – in 10.8 times.
Every three out of a hundred residents suffer from nervous disorders.
This statistics could have been even worse if a part of population did not have to decline the services of the health protection system. Not all the cases of diseases are registered.
Sadly, our region takes the third place in Ukraine after Donetsk region and Dnipropetrovsk region - the industrially developed regions - in environmental pollution.
All rivers, lakes, land and air seem to be polluted, even though you might not notice it at first sight.
It is not safe to bathe in our rivers and lakes, although people do bathe there at their own risk.
In spite of all that we do find nice places in the country to spend a couple of enjoyable hours with our friends...
The official information does not sound very promising though...It is going from bad to worse...
In 2006 levels of emission of harmful substances from stationary sources of pollution exceeded the indices of 2005 by 4.8%.
Within the last fifteen years no large-scale ecological programs aimed at the reduction of harmful emissions have been carried out in Luhansk region.
Negative influence on the ecological situation in Luhansk region is exerted by:
- the enterprises of processing industry whose emissions comprise 36.4% of the total amount of harmful emissions;
- the enterprises of coalmining industry – 34.6%
- energy, gas and water enterprises – 25.2 %.
In 2006 an average industrial enterprise of Luhansk region emitted over 672 tons of polluting substances.
This index is even higher in six districts and cities of Luhansk region:
Alchevsk – 3,338 tons;
Krasnodon – 1,739 tons;
Lissichansk – 1,048 tons;
Stakhanov – 942 tons;
Luhansk – 880 tons;
Krasnodon district – 1,155 tons.
The density of polluting emissions as calculated per one square kilometer comprises in average 17.8 tons in Luhansk region.
The density of polluting emissions is considerably higher in all towns and cities of Luhansk region:
Alchevsk – 2,139.5 tons;
Krasnodon – 948.4 tons;
Lissichansk – 469.5 tons;
Luhansk – 415.5 tons;
Stakhanov – 317.5 tons.
For comparison, this index in Ivano-Frankivsk region in the west of Ukraine comprises about 10 tons per one square kilometer.
The above-mentioned cities also have the biggest indices in Luhansk region as to the amount of polluting substances per one resident.
The average amount of polluting substances per one resident of Luhansk region comprises 195.7 kg.
This is how the amount of polluting substances [er one resident looks in other cities of Luhansk region:
- Alchevsk - 897.7 kg;
- Krasnodon – 654.9 kg;
- Lissichansk – 352.6 kg;
- Stakhanov – 291.3 kg;
- Luhansk – 242.2 kg;
- Krasnodon district – 441.6 kg.
Estimated by the specialists of the medical institutions of Luhansk region, all the residents of the region suffer from the negative factors, especially those living in industrially developed districts. A number of oncologic diseases, TB, cardiovascular diseases are observed on the territory of Luhansk region much more often than in Ukraine on the whole.
As of today, such appauling pollution is not dealt with properly. Idle talk about it is all we hear now...
Protection and revival of surface and underground waters has always been a problem in the region.
The River Seversky Donets with its tributaries is the main surface source of freshwater in Luhansk region. The territory of its basin is the most urbanized one with intensive agriculture and thus carries huge anthropogenic load.
The total amount of sewage into the rivers comprises from 350 to 400 million cubic meters a year, among them 70% of sewage is polluted one.
The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved of the “Conception on ecological sanitation of the basin of the Seversky Donets” that still remains on paper due to the lack of financial means.