In 1827, 50 years after the foundation of Sevastopol, the first excavations at the site of Chersonesos commenced. Soon afterwards, Chersonesos received the epithet of "Russian Troy." With every year new houses and streets, squares and churches of the ancient city appeared from under layers centuries-old.
The excavations produced so many finds that they soon comprised an intriguing collection, and thus appeared the Chersonesos Archaeological Museum.
The National Preserve of Tauric Chersonesos Drevnyaya street, 1
Sevastopol 99045 Crimea, Ukraine.
Open everyday. 9.00-19.00. Monday till 17.00.
Director: +3 8 0692 55 02 78
+3 8 0692 24 13 01
+3 8 0692 23 15 61
Fax: +3 8 0692 55 02 78
I don't know the entrance fee: we had a complex Sevastopol' excursion which included Chersonesos visiting.
«The foggy bell» is a symbol of Chersonesus. It has been produced of trophy guns in 1776. The bell warned the ships of danger in conditions of bad visibility. It is considered that Frenchmen have taken out a bell after defeat of Russia in the Crimean war. They established it on the Belfry of Notre-Dame de Paris.
In 1913 Russian diplomats achieved returning the bell back to Chersonesus.
It was Apostle Andrew Called at the First who said the Holy Word on the Land of Geraclean Chersonesus (Korsun' in Russian). According to the legend it was said on the place of present Balaklava St. George Monastery. Climent of Rome with his pupils was exiled to Korsun in 98 A.D., here he leaden a congregation of more than 2000 people. With his sermons he conversed pagans to faith and here was killed. So the land of Sevastopol was consecrated by the innocent blood of the first Christians.
Professing Holy Skripture on Sevastopol land many ascetics died here, St. Martin the Confessor among them (exiled here by monophelits). St. Kiril brought the written language to Kiev Rus from here. St. Prince Vladimir of Kiev was baptized in Chersonesus.
The Christian traditions and real values are reviving nowadays. And the Word bringing annunciation, can be heard in rebuild monasteries.
The Vladimirskiy (St. Vladimir) Cathedral in Chersonesus built to the memory of St. Prince Vladimir been baptised here in 988. St' Vladimir's Cathedral was laid in 1861 to the design by Grimm.
The building was erected by architects Vyatkin and Tarasov and later contractor Gubonin.
In 1892 the construction of the cathedral came to an end.
Built of the Inkerman stone and embellished with different rocks of marble, the cathedral became the remarkable work of cult architecture.
Built in the spirit of the Byzantine architecture, it is distinguished for its exceptional harmony of sizes, proportionality of the scale and steadiness of the masses.
During the World War II the building was bombed and almost distracted. At present it is reconstructed and renewed.
Tauric Chersonesos is the name of the city founded by Greek colonists in southwestern Crimea more than 2500 years ago. Its archaeological ruins are presently one of the attractions of the city of Sevastopol.
In ancient Greek the word chersonesos means "peninsula." The city was indeed located on a small peninsula between two bays. "Tauric" Chersonesos further denotes the location of the colony, that is, "in the lands of the Taurians". This means a warring tribe that inhabited the neighboring mountains. The city was destined to exist for nearly two thousand years, and its history is intertwined with that of ancient Greece, Rome, and Byzantium.
take a ship ticket to 1 dollar and go inkerman..city of vine...a small town about 30 mins by the sea..a lot range of vine u can taste there..and the ship trip is really funny...u pass by the navy ships trade ships and horns..
If you are not prepared for a 10-15 minutes' walk then you better take a taxi. Otherwise you can take a trolleybus no. 10 from "Zentralni Rinok" station close to Lazareva square. Get off at the seventh stop "Dmitrija Uljanova". When you get off turn back and turn left. Follow the streets and let yourself be guided by the Vladimir Cathedral.
There is an entry fee to the sight. Opening times 9 am till 6 pm.
This bell originally belonged to the bell tower of the Vladimir monastery. The bell was taken to Paris by the French troops as a trophy after the Crimean war. Only in 1913 the bell was discovered in Nôtre-Dame church in Paris and shortly before WWI returned to the Vladimir monastery. After the monastery closure the bell was hanged in today's place in order to lead ships the way in fog.
Khersones is since 1996 protected by Unesco. The town was founded by the Greeks in 5th century BC. This Greek colony was only destroyed at the end of 14th century by the tatar golden horde. With it's almost 2000 years history this city was one of the most continuous ones in old times. In 1st century AD it was under Roman influence, later Byzantine and Eastslavonic influence.
Luckily, Khersones wasn't spoilt when Sevastopol was built by the Russians. In 1925 the Bolshevics closed the Vladimir monastery, which was established in the second half of the 19th century near the ruins. Part of the monastery buildings serve today as archeology museum.
The foundation-stone for this cathedral was laid in 1862. The inauguration was in 1888 for the 900 year jubilee of the Russian christianisation. The cathedral was destroyed in WWII. Now, it is totally rebuilt.
All around the city there are monuments to persons and battles. Some are macro scaled, like the WWII monument with a solier and sailor. Some are micro, and fastened to buildings and park walls. All are works of art and worth a liesurely walk. Remember, Sevastopol' is a city of hills, so wear good shoes and take some bottled water. I prefer the "no-gas" variety which is a little difficult to purchase in Ukraine.
Take a hike around the port monuments, the Soldier and Sailor, and the "Answer to Impotence." There are many places where very interesting graffiti has been placed. Since Cyrilic script is different than Roman text, just the shapes make for interesting compositions. And colours! And like all graffiti, some depicts the love exploits, even failed ones of the creators.
Bakhchisarai is the best place to see Crimean Tatar culture. The town is located between Sevastopol and Simferopol. There are regular minivans (marshrutkas) from Sevastopol to Simferopol. The lenght of travel is approximately one hour. The Khan' s Palace and cave city of Chufut-Kaleh are the most interesting objects in Bakhchisarai.
Malakhov Hill, was a household word in Victorian England when it was besieged for 349 days by French and British forces. It cost both the french and English Forces dearly and almost caused the British Army to mutiny. During the Second World War it was attacked again in the 1940s; after massive German bombardments there was almost nothing left alive on it. It is said that the defenders of Sevastopol are Heros.. Seeing the defences from both wars I couldn't agree more.
Now it is a park with shady avenues of chestnut, acacia and cypress. Naval guns from both wars are dotted among the trees and serve as climbing frames for children. There is also a museum on the top, which charges about $3 entrance with your own russian speaking guide!! lol...lol... even if I didn't want a guide I got one... I had my own guide anyway British Ex-Pat Norry Hughes ( Ex-Colour Sargent Scots Guards) who lives in Sevastopol with his wife. Norry doesn't charge for his services, and it is polite to give him the costs of taxis and food n beer.
In the Middle Ages Balakava belonged to the Genoese during their stay they built a fort on the hill overlooking the approach bty sea to the safe waters of Balakava harbour. It's well worth the 30 minute climb to the top to view the ruins, but bring/wear strong footwear in order to do so. The views are stunning and well worth the exercise...