A quick 30 minute drive out of Sevastopol and you'll come to the upcomming holiday resort of Balaclava. The restaurants and boulevard bars are delightful, and you will also have access to boat trips and diving gear should you wish to venture into, or under the Black Sea
There is also a boat trip which takes you across the harbour directly into the Soviet Submarine pens.
Or you may fancy a hard walk up to the Genoese Fort, where you may take some spectacular photos of Balaclava.
The roads to and from Sevastopol are quiet, and you may take a taxi, public transport or mini-buses.
located in the heart of a mountain in Balaklava is the ultra secret soviet James Bond-style underground submarine base. Tunnelled into the mountain and now disused, has become a modern day Tourist attraction. It's open to tourists (guided tours only).
In 1827, 50 years after the foundation of Sevastopol, the first excavations at the site of Chersonesos commenced. Soon afterwards, Chersonesos received the epithet of "Russian Troy." With every year new houses and streets, squares and churches of the ancient city appeared from under layers centuries-old.
The excavations produced so many finds that they soon comprised an intriguing collection, and thus appeared the Chersonesos Archaeological Museum.
The National Preserve of Tauric Chersonesos Drevnyaya street, 1
Sevastopol 99045 Crimea, Ukraine.
Open everyday. 9.00-19.00. Monday till 17.00.
Director: +3 8 0692 55 02 78
+3 8 0692 24 13 01
+3 8 0692 23 15 61
Fax: +3 8 0692 55 02 78
I don't know the entrance fee: we had a complex Sevastopol' excursion which included Chersonesos visiting.
Tauric Chersonesos is the name of the city founded by Greek colonists in southwestern Crimea more than 2500 years ago. Its archaeological ruins are presently one of the attractions of the city of Sevastopol.
In ancient Greek the word chersonesos means "peninsula." The city was indeed located on a small peninsula between two bays. "Tauric" Chersonesos further denotes the location of the colony, that is, "in the lands of the Taurians". This means a warring tribe that inhabited the neighboring mountains. The city was destined to exist for nearly two thousand years, and its history is intertwined with that of ancient Greece, Rome, and Byzantium.
The Vladimirskiy (St. Vladimir) Cathedral in Chersonesus built to the memory of St. Prince Vladimir been baptised here in 988. St' Vladimir's Cathedral was laid in 1861 to the design by Grimm.
The building was erected by architects Vyatkin and Tarasov and later contractor Gubonin.
In 1892 the construction of the cathedral came to an end.
Built of the Inkerman stone and embellished with different rocks of marble, the cathedral became the remarkable work of cult architecture.
Built in the spirit of the Byzantine architecture, it is distinguished for its exceptional harmony of sizes, proportionality of the scale and steadiness of the masses.
During the World War II the building was bombed and almost distracted. At present it is reconstructed and renewed.
It was Apostle Andrew Called at the First who said the Holy Word on the Land of Geraclean Chersonesus (Korsun' in Russian). According to the legend it was said on the place of present Balaklava St. George Monastery. Climent of Rome with his pupils was exiled to Korsun in 98 A.D., here he leaden a congregation of more than 2000 people. With his sermons he conversed pagans to faith and here was killed. So the land of Sevastopol was consecrated by the innocent blood of the first Christians.
Professing Holy Skripture on Sevastopol land many ascetics died here, St. Martin the Confessor among them (exiled here by monophelits). St. Kiril brought the written language to Kiev Rus from here. St. Prince Vladimir of Kiev was baptized in Chersonesus.
The Christian traditions and real values are reviving nowadays. And the Word bringing annunciation, can be heard in rebuild monasteries.
«The foggy bell» is a symbol of Chersonesus. It has been produced of trophy guns in 1776. The bell warned the ships of danger in conditions of bad visibility. It is considered that Frenchmen have taken out a bell after defeat of Russia in the Crimean war. They established it on the Belfry of Notre-Dame de Paris.
In 1913 Russian diplomats achieved returning the bell back to Chersonesus.
If you are not prepared for a 10-15 minutes' walk then you better take a taxi. Otherwise you can take a trolleybus no. 10 from "Zentralni Rinok" station close to Lazareva square. Get off at the seventh stop "Dmitrija Uljanova". When you get off turn back and turn left. Follow the streets and let yourself be guided by the Vladimir Cathedral.
There is an entry fee to the sight. Opening times 9 am till 6 pm.
Khersones is since 1996 protected by Unesco. The town was founded by the Greeks in 5th century BC. This Greek colony was only destroyed at the end of 14th century by the tatar golden horde. With it's almost 2000 years history this city was one of the most continuous ones in old times. In 1st century AD it was under Roman influence, later Byzantine and Eastslavonic influence.
Luckily, Khersones wasn't spoilt when Sevastopol was built by the Russians. In 1925 the Bolshevics closed the Vladimir monastery, which was established in the second half of the 19th century near the ruins. Part of the monastery buildings serve today as archeology museum.
This bell originally belonged to the bell tower of the Vladimir monastery. The bell was taken to Paris by the French troops as a trophy after the Crimean war. Only in 1913 the bell was discovered in Nôtre-Dame church in Paris and shortly before WWI returned to the Vladimir monastery. After the monastery closure the bell was hanged in today's place in order to lead ships the way in fog.
Malakhov Hill, was a household word in Victorian England when it was besieged for 349 days by French and British forces. It cost both the french and English Forces dearly and almost caused the British Army to mutiny. During the Second World War it was attacked again in the 1940s; after massive German bombardments there was almost nothing left alive on it. It is said that the defenders of Sevastopol are Heros.. Seeing the defences from both wars I couldn't agree more.
Now it is a park with shady avenues of chestnut, acacia and cypress. Naval guns from both wars are dotted among the trees and serve as climbing frames for children. There is also a museum on the top, which charges about $3 entrance with your own russian speaking guide!! lol...lol... even if I didn't want a guide I got one... I had my own guide anyway British Ex-Pat Norry Hughes ( Ex-Colour Sargent Scots Guards) who lives in Sevastopol with his wife. Norry doesn't charge for his services, and it is polite to give him the costs of taxis and food n beer.
In the Middle Ages Balakava belonged to the Genoese during their stay they built a fort on the hill overlooking the approach bty sea to the safe waters of Balakava harbour. It's well worth the 30 minute climb to the top to view the ruins, but bring/wear strong footwear in order to do so. The views are stunning and well worth the exercise...
The foundation-stone for this cathedral was laid in 1862. The inauguration was in 1888 for the 900 year jubilee of the Russian christianisation. The cathedral was destroyed in WWII. Now, it is totally rebuilt.
On suburbs of Sevastopol and in private areas it is possible to see grazed goats. They like to regale on a sweet cherry. If you see one of these nice goats please feed it with a sweet cherry. They’ll be so happy…
In the hills there is a cave city (see picture) where various groups of people of various religions lived, but not at the same time. The city was abandoned about 100 years ago when its inhabitants moved to live on the shore in the Sevastopol area.