The ruins of three 15th century towers from the Genoese Fortress of Cembalo can still be seen leading up to the top of the hill just past the restaurant and tourist shops. The uppermost tower is under scaffolding, one of my guidebooks said there was a plan to reconstruct the entire fortress. Cembalo was the name of the city until 1475 when the Turks renamed it Balaklava or "fish's nest".
There are multiple trails that lead up this hill, you can climb up past the three towers on a VERY steep hillside or keep going on the trail past the towers and take a lower path for a view of the Black Sea or take a higher path for an even more impressive view of the Black Sea and see where all of those boats they are trying to get you to go on actually go. It's lovely at sunset when the suns washes over the nearby hills.
Unless you are Ukrainian, you will want to wear sensible shoes, the paths are steep, slippery and rocky. However, if you are an Ukrainian woman that can't balance without stilletto heels, feel free to wear those. You might think I'm joking but in the course of our 5 days in Crimea, I saw women wearing heels to climb the hills in Balaklava, the hill leading up to the cave city near Bakhchysaray, up multiple flights of stairs. I was impressed, even more so when they were smoking, drinking, and carrying on a conversation on a cell phone while balancing on those things.
The main avenue of Historical parkway conducts to a world known monument. It is a panorama telling about one of episodes of a 349-day's heroic defense of Sevastopol - reflection by the defence counsels cities of storm June 6, 1855.
Panorama "Defence of Sevastopol 1854 — 1855" was opened on May 14, 1905, in commemoration 50 years famous epopee. The original round building with a dome, crown with rotunda, is erected under the project of the military engineer O. I. Enberg and architect V. A. Feldman. A diameter of a building - 36 m, height it also 36 m.
Classical 2-columns portal, reverted with inkerman's stone, at the top of decorated by elements of the militarian decor: soldier's Georgy cross twine by Georgy's ribbon; at centre - figure "349", designating number of days of a defense.
This monument is located in the city centre, near Grafskaya Quay on the square carrying the name of the admiral Nakhimov (1802 - 1855). He was the outstanding Russian naval commander, participant Navarin's and Sinop's battles, one of the chiefs of the first defense of Sevastopol.
The first monument to Nakhimov was build in 1898 to the anniversary of Sinop battle. In 1928, carrying out decree of Soviet authority "About removal of monuments to kings and their servants", the monument was demolished. A monument to Lenin was established on its socle in 1932. A new monument to Nakhimov was held in 1959.
On a face sheet of pedestal - the bronze banner, is lower the text of the order about enemy's attack. On the back party - text: "Glory to Russian fleet" in a frame of military attributes. Above and laurel wreath an inscription about a fatal wound of the admiral on June 28, 1855 on Malakhov Mound.
In the bottom part of pedestal the multifigured reliefs are located, which plots reproduce episodes from battle life Nakhimov: "Sinop battle", "On Forth Bastion" and "Nakhimov conversation with sailors".
During the Crimean War and the first defense of Sevastopol two rows between the Konstantinovskaya and Alexandrovskaya batteries and later between the Mikhailovskaya and Nikolayevskaya batteries were filled in the course of defense with 15 scuttled naval ships of the Black Sea Fleet. They should bar the entrance to the harbor for the naval ships of England, France and Turkey. After removing guns from the ships, the crews took part in defending Sevastopol at the bastions.
The Monument consists of the artificial granite cliff made up of rough boulders standing on a square base. A hexahedral pedestal rises from the cliff and it is crowned with a Corinthian column of light-colored diorite. There is a bronze sculpture of the two-headed eagle with widespread wings facing the sea on top of it, which holds in its beak the laurel wreath of glory and the naval anchor. Lower on the cliff, the bronze mast of the sailing- ship is attached. On the side of the pedestal facing the seafront there is a memorial plaque with the relief map of the Sevastopol harbor and marked areas where the ships were scuttled. The total height of the Memorial is about 17 m.
The Monument to the scuttled ships of the Black Sea Fleet is located in the Sevastopol Bay, 10 meters away from the seafront of the Seaside Boulevard. It was built in 1905 on the fiftieth anniversary of the first heroic defense of Sevastopol after the design of sculptor Adamson, architect Feldman with the participation of the military engineer colonel Enberg.
The Scuttled Russian ships Monument has become a symbol of Sevastopol and a place of pilgrimage.
It's hard to do justice to the experience in words - or in photos, which inevitably flatten the picture and give you only a part of the panoramic view.
The Panorama was created in 1905 to mark the 50-year anniversary of the defence of Sevastopol by the painter France Alekseevich Rubaud.
The Panorama occupies most of the circular building in the park on Malakhov Hill. It's a huge 360 degree re-creation of the defense of Sevastopol, consisting of a 4m high painting which forms a 115m circular backdrop to a life-size reconstructed view of the defenses. The painting is cleverly merged into the foreground modelwork so that a real sense of perspective is created, and you stand at the centre with the battle all around you. It cost about 45 hrv to enter, and also has a small museum of crimean war objects and uniforms.
The picturesque cloth and subject plan is placed inside the building. The cloth has 115 m in length, 14 m in height and area 1610 square meters. The subject plan by the area 900 square meters is located on a special scaffold.
On a plan of the artist, the spectator, by rising on special observation platform, as though appears at top Malakhov mound per day of assault on June 6, 1855. Just on Malakhov mound there were decisive events which have defined outcome of assault as "the first serious defeat of France-English army".
During Great Domestic war fascist bombs have destroyed the panorama building, the unique picture has lit up. After war the panorama was reconstructed by the soviet painters. Only in 1970 the exposition opened. It’s telling about unforgettable events and heroes of a defense and also about the panorama itself.
When a 13-years boy I came to Sevastopol for the first time in 1967. The Panorama wasn't still open that time and I was very sorry about it. Now 40 years later I succeeded to get there and see Rubo's masterpiece!
The St Vladimir Cathedral (Vladimirsky Sobor) is situated on the Central city hill. It was started to build in 1854. During the war of 1854-55 all works were stopped and continued only in 1858.
The Bottom church was consecrated in the name of sacred Nikolay in 1881. The Top church was consecrated in the name of sacred prince Vladimir in 1888. The Cathedral was constructed in the Byzantian style under the project of the professor of architecture Thonn. The original project has been modified and changed by academician Avdeev. Frescos were executed by the academician of painting Korneyev. An ornamental list of the arch and piers was created by Rafael Izelli, marble columns were made in Italy by Bonnani.
The Cathedral is the burial place of the renowned Russian Admirals Lasarev, Kornilov, Istomin and Nakhimov. It's a place of piligrimage all those who is proud of Russian fleet.
The Market is divided into sections, some undercover and some with individual shelter that is shaped just nicely to drip onto the head and neck of the unsuspecting and unwary shopper when it starts to rain, which incidentally and fortunately is not too often. The food for sale here is basically the same as any eastern european city, and some western goods also for sale. From CDs, DVDs, Electric goods, Furniture, Food, Cosmetics, Plumbing, Clothes and too many items to list really.
The Grafskaja Quay is in the center of the city, on the southern part of the Sevastopol Bay. It represents a wharf or reinforced bank where ships are loaded and unloaded.
In June 1783, it was created from masonry stones. In 1787 with the arrival the Russian Empress Ekaterina II, the quay was equipped with modern amenities and got the official name of Ekaterininskaia. Columns where erected with white marble engraved memorials. Two lions are keeping calmness of the city.
The quay forms a beautiful greeting to the city and is a major architectural structure of the central part.
During the Crimean War period the defence of Sevastopol was organized by Commander-in-chief of the fleet Kornilov. On the place where he had been deadly wounded, on the Malakhov barrow a memorial was erected by the sculptor Shreder in accordance with a Bilderling's project in 1895.
Another monument in honor of Admiral Kornilov is established at Artillerijskaya bay. The quay carries the name of the hero of Sevastopol defence.
It is constructed in 1905 under the project of architect Feldman. It has strongly suffered during the Great Domestic war. It has been partially restored and up to 1962 divine services were spent there. A sport hall and a city archive were placed then in the cathedral. In 1992 the northern part of the cathedral has been transferred to believers and consecrated in the name of sacred great martyr Pantelejmon. In the beginning of 1994 it had been entirely given to orthodox church.
The Top temple has the name of the Cover of the Virgin. The temple in the name of sacred martyresses of Vera, Nadeghda, Ljubov' and their mother Sofia is located in the bottom part of the Cathedral. Till now restoration works are proceeding, the southern part of the temple is restored.
Another well-known church of Sevastopol’ - Petropavlovskaya (St. Peter and Paul) Church, consecrated in 1843 designed by a lieutenant-engineer of the marine construction unit V.A. Rulev.
The largest collection of snakes in the Ukraine. Cost almost nothing to go inside, and a guided tour of all the snakes they have. The tour guide spoke good english, and the snakes came from around the globe. I was reassured that the staff have no anti-venom in case of a sudden escape...but they told me that one can suck out the poison...eeerrmmm... I think they have been watching too many john wayne films!! anyway I enjoyed the show, and feeding time..
Franz Alekseevich Rubo (1856-1928) was the author of the panorama. He also was a founder of Russian panoramic art, professor of a class battle painting of applied arts St.Petersburg Academy, and then valid member of this academy. He also created the Borodinskaya Panorama in Moscow.
Open daily except Monday from 9.30 till 17.30.
Only guided tours. Only in Russian.
Don’t know the entrance fee because we bought an excursion with transfer from and back Yalta. The visiting of the Panorama Museum as included in the price of the whole Sevastopol excursion.
Right in the city, passing several bus stops from the center there is Hersones. A reserve with ancient ruins, a church and a bell. At first Hersoness was a greec colony founded in 422-421BC(V-I BC) , but in the 1st centuryBC lost its democracy and became a Roman colony and was its main fleet -post. In the IV cent. Christianity became the official religion there, and in the V cent Hersones became a part of Byzantium Empire. In XIII-XIV was ruined by some conquerors, and in the middle of XV there was no life at all. Now you're able to see it all by yourself.
All around us there were women yelling into bullhorns, trying to get visitors to try their boat trip. We didn't understand a word they were saying and thought "we are safe from their clutches" until a woman who did speak *just* enough English came by and asked if we'd like to go on her boat. She said the cost was 50 euro and we both looked at each other and then she laughed and said of course I mean 50 hrvina and promised a 1/2 hour tour of the military ships in the harbor. That got my husband all excited so we agreed and she led us to the boat and said she had to find some more people but would be back soon. After waiting about 20 minutes, we were discussing leaving when she came back, without any other people, and tried to raise the price. We shook our heads and said "thanks but no thanks", of course, they agreed to do it for the original price and off we went.
The captain spoke a bit of English and pointed out the Ukrainian ships in one part of the harbor and the Russian ships in the other part, when Ukraine became independent of Russia, there was agreement that Russia's Black Sea Fleet could still use the port, but the agreement expires in 2017 (according to Lonely Planet) so it may be in years to come that only the Ukrainian Navy will be located here.
While my hubby was busy snapping photos of the various naval ships, I concentrated on trying to stay warm as it was a bit chilly that day and it got even chillier on the water and even chillier still as the wind picked up and the waves picked up and the spray started hitting me and I realized that all the blankets on board were wet!