You will see the St Maria's Lutheran church in the Chekhov Street. It was built in 1885. It was a kirche of Yalta German community. Several thousands of Germans lived there before 1917. The German community was the fourth in the Crimea after Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian and Jewish. The building was constructed under the project and the architect Schreiber on his own ground.
I came into this church on Sunday. That was a morning 10.30. The service was appointed in 11.00. I have found myself absolutely alone in the church. Besides me there was a pastor. He accepted me as a parishioner and addressed me in German. I answered in Russian. He sat down at a small organ and has taken some chords. I listened to the church music with pleasure and said thanks and goodbye to him in German.
There are monuments to Chekhov and Gorky in the Primorsky (Seaside) park. The monuments were established in 1953 and 1956.
Maxim Gorky is represented when he was 23 years old and for the first time visited the Crimea during the travel around the south of Russia. Later Gorky came there many times on treatment.
Sketches of the temple, external decor and internal furniture were executed by the Armenian painter, the schedule and the theatrical artist Surenjanz (1860-1921).
At seven-year age Vardgez Surenjanz has drawn on memory the Fountain of tears. His distant relative I.K.Ayvazovsky saw a picture and awarded young talent with a box with paints, than determined the destiny of the boy who became a big painter. Vardgez created scenery to the ballet "Corsair" and the opera "Demon" in the Mariinsky theatre, to performances of the Moscow Art theatre. Surenjanz illustrated about 40 literary works, including the story «Hadgi Murat» by L.N.Tolstoy and the fairy tale «Ashik-Kerib» by M.J.Lermontov. The cycle of illustrations of "Bakhchsarai fountain" by A.S.Pushkin was devoted to I.K.Ayvazovsky.
The artist has become famous as the talented translator - he knew Russian, English, German, Italian, French, Spanish, Persian and Turkish languages.
100 steps of a wide smart ladder conduct to the main facade of the Armenian church. This church was built in 1909-1917 by G.Ter-Mikeljan. One of early Christian temples - the church of St Ripsime in Echmiadzin (was built in 618) served as a prototype for the Armenian church in Yalta.
The building was suffered during the Great Domestic war (WWII). The local lore museum was placed there in 1960th. Several scenes of films "Holiday of Sacred Jorgen", "Botfly", "Three fat men", "Board and sword" were created there.
Now services have renewed. Every Sunday at 11 o'clock the liturgy accompanied by organ music is taken place there.
The rope-road conducts from the middle of the Quay (above moorings for steam-ships of local lines) to the hill of Darsan.
A travel is absolutely short (about 10 minutes), but very dynamical and saturated - necessarily take a photo or video camera. At the left on a course of rise there is a view on an elegant orthodox temple of St Alexander Nevsky.
Foot-walking Grafsky Proezd (Count street) became the original center for those who like walks to expensive shops. Such the name has the street along the main facade of modern hotel "Crimea" on the bank of the Derekojka river.
On a place of the present well arranged quay in the XIX century there was the road to Livadia along which there were a lot of gardens and vineyards. Later the street was covered with fine gravel which was watered three times a day. From 1810 till 1895 the accomplishment and expansion of the quay proceeded. In 1892-1920 it has the name of Alexandrovskaya. Later it was renamed in the name of Lenin and this name is kept till now.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was constructed in 1902 by architect P.K.Terebnev. It was erected in memory of the dearth in 1881 the emperor Alexander II from hands of terrorists. The first stone in the base of the temple was put in pawn by the widow empress Maria Fedorovna in the tenth anniversary of tragedy.
City dwellers brought their mite. Engineer A.L.Bertie-Delagard gratuitously carried out supervision of excavations. Baron A.L.Vrangel gave a part of the ground under construction and built a part of church at his own expense. Eleven bells were created in Moscow on money of wine producer N.D.Staheev. The temple was consecrated in 1902 at presence of the imperial couple. In 1909 P.F.Sobolev arranged there electric illumination and city authorities supplied the cathedral with electricity on holidays free of charge.
The mosaic Alexander Nevsky's portrait on a southern facade was created by A.Salviati. Krasnov supervised over works on internal furnish of the temple and paintings of walls.
In the XIX-XXth centuries Yalta became "the summer resort capital of Russia", and founders of the Yalta cathedral of Alexander Nevsky fairly considered that the new temple should become an ornament of the city, testifying to the future generations about fidelity of citizens to the great beginnings with which there lived Russian people.
At emperor Peacemaker Alexander III cathedrals in honor of Sacred Alexander Nevsky who was the heavenly patron of the lost emperor Alexander II were under construction all over Russia.
Square in the perimeter, in two circles, with five domes of different size, with a three-storied belltower in one volume with a temple, with the open external galleries, solidly thorough in the bottom part and it is easy come up in top, with an abundance of characteristic Russian patterns from small architectural forms-portals, decoratively issued forms. This project of the future temple surprisingly reminded the best Moscow temples of XVII century.
The Monument to Lenin among palm trees - the most popular place of youth meetings in Yalta. It was opened in 1954. The warm and perfectly polished granite draws any sort of so-called extremals (don’t confuse with extremists) and non-formalists. Ukrainian sculptor P.P.Jatsyno is the author of the monument.
The Quay (officially Nabereghnaya Lenina, in plain language - “Nabka”) is the most popular place in Yalta. Motley crowd of people pleased enough with life is a rarity unusual. The quay is framed by palm trees, continuous line of attractions, bars, cafe and restaurants. The most improbable styles are weaved in architecture.
Recent facing by the polished red granite and grey porfirite emphasizes its overall objective: Yalta is a place for those who have become successful.
The historical center of Yalta is located in the area of Polikurovsky hill. Sacred John Zlatoust church was constructed there in 1837-40 under the project of G.Torrichelly and K.Eshliman. The building was executed from limy blocks in pseudo-Gothic style of English country houses, plastered and painted in ochre tone.
The temple of prelate John Zlatoust constructed under the personal petition the general-governor of Novorossisk territory the column M. S.Vorontsov for the state account - as the cathedral temple of the future city in the center of Yalta, on eminence of the Polykurian hill, surrounded by the cypress park.
Five tent domes are covered by mosaic gold. The three-storied belltower towering on 45 meters above the sea level became the main town-planning and navigating reference point of the city.
The temple was burned down during the Great Domestic war (WWII), the belltower was escaped only. It is brought in international maps of the Black sea as a navigating reference point. In 1995 the restoration of the temple began. In 1998 Sacred John Zlatoust church was consecrated.
There are following sights of the temple the big sacred John Zlatoust icon and the icon of Sacred Optina Pustin'.
The architect Alexandra Petrova took for basis Grigory Torichelli’s drawings which she found in the archive of the palace-museum Vorontsov in Alupka. For three years the temple was built up in the same view, as at column Vorontsov time.
Below Gaspra you can find this famous attraction. Some people including myself may call it a tourist trap. It’s best to go there by excursion boat from Yalta. The fare was 15 UAH return in 2004. There is also a entry fee to the “nest” itself of 2 UAH, of course there is no receipt for it, so the question arises you official this entry fee really is. You can then walk around the building. The little castle like strukture was empty in 2004. Next to it there is a tiny hill that looks like a rubbish dump which is partly true but it fact people leave a piece of cotton tied to the bushes or lacking it, a piece of a plastic bag.
The palace was designed by Edward Blore, a known English court architect. During the Yalta conference Churchill lived in this palace. You can visit this palace. There is an entry fee, taking pics costs extra.
The “teeth” of this mountain lie about 1200 m above sea level. From the mountain which has its own micro climate which is much wetter and cooler than the coast you can see Yalta and other towns. There are few stalls that sell souvenirs, a real camel etc just by the top end station of the ropeway. It would be nice to take a hike up here, but I was there by myself without a map, so I decided against it.
This former tsar’s residence lies only about 3 km west of Yalta. You could actually walk there. That’s what I did and I of course got lost and so I asked someone who then took me there running ahead (I was hardly able to follow up and down steps, along beaches). I then lost the guy and found the elevator that took me up to the park but in the long tunnel at the bottom of the elevator no-one was around and I found it quite spooky and so I waited until a couple showed up and explained to me how it works (you pay on the top). Of course, I was out of luck again, since I chose to visit the palace on a Wednesday, which is the weekly day off. Somehow I found the way out through the nearby sanatorium building’s maze and hopped on a bus back.
The white palace is world-famous because in 1945 Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill held a conference here.
You can find this prominent Lenin monument in downtown Yalta on the main square between Hotel Krim, the post office and McDonald’s. Along the seaside road starting from this square you will find many restaurants and entertainment.