The pumping staion was built to house a static steam engine, which was used to pump water from the river derwent into the croford canal to maintain the correct level of water.
The steam engine has been restored and can be seen working on certain days
Admission is free, but donations are acceped.
On a nice day it is great to take your tucker and have a picnic by the river Derwent.
Here you can watch life gently pass you by while eating your favourite nosh.
Parking on field right near river - so no excuses!
Only the remains now can be seen of this 15th century bridge chapel in Cromford. It was built at a time when travel was difficult and dangerous and here thanks would be given for a safe arrival and crossing of the river.
On the parapet of 15C Cromford Bridge is a crude inscription: "THE LEAP OF MR B H MARE JUNE 1697"
At first sight it appears to be a refernce to a suicide, but it is now believed to be in memory of a pice of horsemanship, when Mr Benjamin Haywood's mare took fright and jumped over the parapet, miraculously bearing her rider to safety.
The River Derwent cuts a swathe through Cromford and is the primary reason for the villages existance. The water from the river was used to power the early textile machinery in the mills built here by Sir Richard Arkwright, which spurred the industrial revolution. The rest as they say is history!
Just up from Balck Rocks on the High Peak Trail is a narrow gauge railway. It runs on the former site of a full size railway.
In the summer rides are available along several kms of track around the site of a former quarry.
The winding engine is the last surviving engine from the Cromford and High Peak Railway. It was a static steam engine used to haul wagons up the 1 in 8 incline from High Peak Junction.
Outside the engine house you can see a pulley wheel under a grille in the centre of the track. There was a similar pulleys at the bottom of the incline and a loop of steel cable was attached around them. The wagons were then attached to this by chains and usually the engine would have one set of wagons descending the incline and another on the other track ascending - in order to counterbalance the load. A maximum speed of 8 miles per hour was permitted because it was very difficult to control a set of runaway wagons loaded with limestone.
The engine is now operated for visitors by its owners, the Derbyshire Archaeological Society, every first weekend between April and October, plus Bank Holiday weekends in summer - but compressed air is used rather than the original steam propulsion.
On the High Peak Trail you will come acrross many stone quarries. This one near th National Stone Centre quarried high grade limestone which was able to take a high polish. It was popular for civic buildings and churches.
The nearby railway and canal were used for transporting the stone away.
The Story of Stone Exhibition (admission £1.60 adults; 80p children) which describes how the rock was formed and the variety of uses that stone is put to.
A self guiding leaflet can be purchased (10p) to the Discovering the Past trail. This is a gentle walk around the site where prehistoric fossil reefs and tropical lagoons are to be found.
Also outside, there is an area where it is possible to pan for minerals (50p whatever the age). Minerals found have included iron pyrites (fool's gold) and Olivine. Adults often make the mistake of only paying for children to try panning. Experience shows that adults have an even stronger desire to relive the heady days of the prospector and they soon take over after a few minutes. And the child, they get sent to get another pan.
Back inside, there is a well-stocked shop where the failed prospector can buy the minerals unsuccessfully panned for (or the 'some of us are just born prospectors', can increase their mineral collection). The shop also sells books, fossils and tea.
The High Peak Trail runs for 26kms from High Peak Junction , near Cromford to Dowlow, near Buxton.
It follows the course of the old Cromford and High Peak Railway.
You can walk, cycle, or ride a horse for the length of the trail or do it in stages.
It is possible in places to glimpse some of the railways past.
High Peak Junction marked the coming together of two transport infrastructures. the Cromford Canal and the High Peak Railway. This was once an important interchange for the transfer of goods from water to rail and vice versa.
The canal linked Cromford with Langley Mill and beyond, and the railway linked Cromford with Whaley bridge with onward connections to Manchester and beyond.
The junction is a pleasant 1km walk from the canal wharf at Cromford
Built for Sir Richard Arkwright, Willersley Castle provides unparalleled
views along the Derwent Valley. Set in extensive parkland, the house
retains many original features, including the striking ‘Well Gallery' with
its glass dome.
Unforunately. the first Richard Arkwrigh did not live to see the finish of his home, which passed on to his, also called Richard
Willersley Castle is owned and operated as an hotel by Christian Guild Holidays, providing holiday and conference facilities throughout the year.
Sir Richard Arkwright's magnificent Masson Mills at Cromford stand at the northern entrance to the World Heritage Site. Established in 1783, and in continuous use until 1991, the mills house a remarkable working textile museum.
The Mills now also house a complex of shops
Museum Entrance £2.50 and well worth it
From Water Lane, by the waterwheel you can get a good view of the Mill Pond, with the Scarthin abd hills in the backgorund.
There are usually some hungry ducks on the pond who demand feeding, ao bring something with you.
Richard Arkwright came to Cromford in 1771 and established with his partners a water powered cotton spinning mill.
This was an exciting time, being the dawn of the industrial revolution.
The first mill was a modest afffair, but was followed by a larger one in 1776, and later a complex of mills all harnessing the same water power source.
The site is still still being renovated and contains several shops, a nice cafe, and local offices