Abbey Gateway, St Albans
The Abbey Gateway is a massive gateway in the historic cathedral city of St. Albans, close to St. Albans Abbey.
Built of Roman tiles and flint, it was the gateway to the monastery, and is sometimes known as the Great Gateway.
The gateway was built around 1360, while Thomas de la Mare was Abbot.
It was besieged in 1381 during the Peasants' Revolt, one of whose leaders, the radical priest John Ball, came from St. Albans.
The building served as a prison from 1553 to 1869, and at one time was even used as a printer's workshop.
Since 1871 it has been part of St. Albans School, one of whose old boys is Tim Rice.
The medieval city grew beyond the site of Roman Verulamium and it's from this medieval city that modern St. Albans developed. The Abbey was the focal point of the medieval city though much of it was destroyed after the dissolution of the monasteries under Henry VIII. The only surviving parts of the Abbey are the church (now part of St. Albans Cathedral) and the Abbey Gateway which lies to the west of the cathedral on Abbey Mill Lane.
The Abbey Gateway is all that remains of the Abbey of St Albans after the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539. It was built in 1365 and was used as a prison for many years and then the Liberty Gaol until 1868 when the prison on Victoria Street was built. Today, it now forms part of the St Albans school.
This gateway you pass when you go from the city to the Verulamium Park. At least when you take the short route. The gateway dates back to the 14th century. It used to be part of the abbey but is now part of St. Albans School. Though i wouldn´t be surprised if that school was once also part of the abbey.. It sure looks as old as the gate. The gate itself dates back to 1360. It served as prison from 1553 till 1869