Liver Buildings, Liverpool
The Royal Liver Building is a fantastic Grade I listed building located in at the Pier Head. Along with the neighbouring Cunard Building and Port of Liverpool Building, it is one of Liverpool's Three Graces, which line the city's waterfront and is part of Liverpool's UNESCO designated World Heritage Maritime Mercantile City.
Opened in 1911, the building is the purpose-built home of the Royal Liver Assurance group, which had been set up in the city in 1850 to provide locals with assistance related to losing a wage-earning relative. The Royal Liver Building is one of the most recognisable landmarks in the city of L and is famed for being home to two fabled Liver Birds that watch over the city and the sea. Legend has it that were these two birds to fly away, then the city would cease to exist. The Bells of the Liver Building clock strike each hour but I was surprised to read that what we here are not actually bells but a series of piano strings played through an amplifier!
Built during WW1 as the HQ of the Cunard Shipping Line. Another classical design, supposedly taking inspiration from Italian Pallazzos. It's a bit dwarfed by its neighbours, but blends in nicely for all that.
The building was built in 1907 as the head office of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. This beautiful piece of Edwardian Baroque architecture is one of the Three Graces and stands on the Pier Head facing the Mersey.
As we were walking to the Albert Dock we saw the Royal Liver Building which is topped with a Liver bird. The three buildings here along the waterfront, the Cunard Building, Port of Liverpool Building, and the Royal Liver Building are known as the Three Graces.
It was opened in 1911 and was home to the Royal Liver Assurance group, it was the tallest building in Europe from completion until 1932 and the tallest in the United Kingdom until 1961. Since then three other buildings in Liverpool have been built that are taller, West Tower, Radio City Tower and Liverpool Cathedral.
The "Three Graces" are Liverpool's most famous buildings and iconic landmarks of the city. All three of them are part of the UNESCO World Heritage site in Liverpool. The Cunard and Port of Liverpool building have separate Grade II* listings each, the Royal Liver Building is Grade I listed. Some people tend to call all three of them "Liver Buildings", but the only one with the Liver Name is the Royal Liver Building.
The Royal Liver Building is also the most famous of the three. Unlike the city, it is not pronounced like the human organ but rather like "lie-ver". It was built for the Royal Liver Assurance Group in 1911 and still used by the company today. Between 1911 and 1934, it was the tallest building in Europe (and until 1964 the tallest in the UK). The "Liver Birds" on top of the two towers are the unofficial city mascots. They have a height of 5,5 metres. The Liver Birds were first mentioned in the 14th century, but took their present appearance through the sculptures on the building. This form is also shown on the crest of other Liverpool institutions, for example the badge of Liverpool FC. The locals say that the day these two birds fly away, the city would cease to exist.
In the middle, you will see the Cunard Building, a beautiful Neorenaissance building which is in the unlucky situation to be situated between two more splendid ones. The building was built for the famous Cunard Line in 1917. Cunard moved its headquarters to Southampton in the 1960s and sold the building in 1969. Today, city authorities and different company offices are housed here.
The Port of Liverpool Building is the oldest of them all and was finished in 1907. The port authorities were housed here until 1994. Today, it has some expensive flats as well as some offices. Like the other two, it has a lot of maritime-related decoration. Here, two women above the entrance are symbolizing trade and industry. The octagonal domed towers at every corner as well has the huge central dome give the building its characteristic appearance.
The Royal Liver Building was built in 1911 as the head office of the Royal Liver Friendly Society. Its size and position on the Pier Head overlooking the Mersey makes it one of the cities most famous buildings.
This Grade I listed building is 90 metres high with 13 floors. Its two clocks are 7.6 metres wide, making them the biggest in Britain. The 5.5 metre tall copper liver birds that stand on top of the towers are a cross between an eagle and a comorant. They are a symbol of the city of Liverpool.
Royal Liver Building
Listed Grade I
The head offices of the Royal Liver Friendly Society, which had its origins as a mid-19th century burial club was designed by Aubrey Thomas. It is notable as one of Britain's first multi-storey reinforced concrete framed buildings. Stylistically unique in England, it is more akin to the early tall buildings of America such as the Allegheny Court House (1884) by H. H. Richardson and the Garrick (formerly Schiller) Theatre by Adler and Sullivan, with eclectic Baroque, art nouveau and Byzantine influences in its modelling.
The roof is piled up with turrets and domes in receding stages and the clock towers have copper Liver Birds on top, by George Cowper and the Bromsgrove Guild. The two birds face away from each other, one towards the river and the other towards the city. The poses are traditional, the birds stand with half-upraised wings, each carrying a sprig of seaweed in its beak. The birds are 18 ft high, their heads are 31/2 ft long, the spread of the wings is 12 ft, their length is 10 ft and the legs are 2ft in circumference. Their bodies and wings are of moulded and hammered copper fixed on a steel armature.
Although there are Liver Birds on many buildings in Liverpool, it is the two which roost on top of this building that are the biggest in the city and which to many people are the very identity of Liverpool.
Next year they will be doing tours on the upper gallery to see the birds.
The large four-dial turret electric clocks when installed were the largest in the United Kingdom.
The four dials are each twenty five feet in diameter and are two hundred and twenty feet above street level, the clocks hands are made of copper, with each one weighing in at five hundred weight, each hand is fourteen feet in length.
The clock was made by Gents of Leicester, and before it was delivered to its final resting place the twenty five foot dial was used as a table at a special dinner.
Of all the famous buildings in Liverpool, this is the most beautiful and recognisable. The Liver birds standing atop this building are synonymous with Liverpool and according to legend they protect Liverpool from harm.
The three graces - Royal Liver Buliding, Cunard Buliding and Port of Liverpool Building. Ships sailing down the Mersey day and night know where they are - 'Welcome to Liverpool' . At night these buildings look simply amazing.
In 2004, these buildings, plus the riverfront, warehouses and albert dock will be collectively known as a 'World Heritage Site'
The famous Cunard shiphoulder company is situated in the middle of the three graces, maybe the most unspectacular one of the three buildings. But the others would miss a part without it I guess
The cities symbols are these oversized birds on top of the Liver Building. You can only guess their dimensions from the ground.
Liverpool best known building. You can't miss it. Remember that it's pronounced as in life not as in live. It's home of the Liver Insurance company.
The right one of the Pier Head Buildings - Liverpool's most famous buildings. These buildings are also called the "Three Graces".
The Port of Liverpool Building administers the port.
The middle one of the Pier Head Buildings. The building used to be the office of Cunard Shipping Line. The building was built during WWI in an Italian palazzo style.
The clocks of the Royal Liver Building are the largest clocks in Britain. The one in London's Big Ben tower might look bigger but with a diameter of 25 feet the ones in Liverpool are larger!