The Green Howards are an infantry regiment based in Richmond, Yorkshire.
The regiment were founded 1690 and first saw active service in Ireland fighting in the Battle of the Boyne.
In 1744 during the wars of the Austrian succession (1740-1748). The official name of the regiment in 1782 was the 19th (first Yorkshire North Riding Regiment) of foot. The regiment fought on the side of the house of Austria against France and Bavaria.
Between 1761 and 1820 they fought many battles including-:
1761 – Belle Isle
1775 – The American war of Independence
1794 – The siege of Ostende
1794 – Ceylon
In 1744 the colonel at the time was Charles Howard, 2nd son of the 3rd Earl of Carlisle. It was tradition at the time to name a regiment after its colonel. Another regiment were led by Thomas Howard so to tell the two regiments apart one became known as the Green Howards and the other became known as the Buff Howards due to the colour of the facings on their uniforms. The title Green Howards became official in 1920.
In 1854 The Green Howards took part in the Battles of Alma, Inkerman and Sevastopol as part of the Crimea war against the Russians.
The Regiment made Richmond its home in 1873.
Other campaigns include-:
1868 – Hazara
1885 – Sudan
1897 – Tirah, India
1899-1902 – South Africa War
During WWI The regiment raised 24 battalions and took part in most of the battles of this war including North Russia in 1919. Out of the 65,000 men involved 7,500 were killed in action and 24,000 wounded.
Between the wars the Green Howards took part in-:
1919 - Third Afghan war
1937-39 – Waziristan (Pakistan)
1938 – Palestine
1939 – 1945 WWII
12 Battalions were raised, they fought battles in Norway, France, the Western Desert, Sicily, Italy, Burma and Germany. Two of the battalions were the first to land on the beaches on D-Day in 1944.
1949-1952 – Malaya
Since 1952 the Green Howards has served in -:
Austria, West Germany, Suez, Cyprus, Hong Kong, Libya, Belize, Berlin and the Falklands war 1982 as well as the Gulf War.
In 1914 the Regiment made Her Majesty Queen Alexandra (wife of Edward VII) its Commander-in-Chief (the first lady to be honoured with this role in the British Army), she held this position until 1925 when she died.
In 1942 Queen Alexandra’s son-in-law, King Haakon VII of Norway, became Commander-in-Chief until 1957.
After the death of King Haakon his son, King Olav V took over until his death in 1991 when his son, King Harald V then became Commander-in-Chief.
Friendly, welcoming and helpful staff.
Don't be afraid to ask a question - they've never failed to answer any of mine!
April to October - Daily 9.30am - 5.30pm
November to March - Mon-Sat 9.30am - 5.30pm
Richmond station closed in 1969 - possibly because the station was some distance fron the town centre. It has now been renovated and is a multitude of things - a cinema, resaurant, exhibition centre and is also used for antique fairs and classes for local people on craft making or other hobby activities.
The castle is visible from miles around and dominates the Richmond skyline - the views from its tower are fantastic.
The castle was originally built to subdue the unruly North of England it is one of the greatest Norman fortresses in Britain. It was originally called Riche Mount, 'the strong hill'. The castle was constructed from 1071 onwards as part of the Norman Conquest of Saxon England as the Domesday Book of 1086 refers to 'a castlery' at Richmond in that year. The castle fell in to a ruined state in the 14th century but has been used by the military for many years and there is a very good exhibition (summer 2012 when we visited) on WW1 consientious objectors who were held here. Not only are the views good but there is a pleasant garden , the Cockpit, with views over the Swale.
There is a shop with vending machines, toilets and samples of local produce.
The River Swale is reputed to be the fastest river in England, and the name Swale is derived from Old English meaning "swilling" or "fast flowing".
As it flows through Richmond it flows over numerous rocks as small waterfalls known as the Richmond falls. This is a fantastic sight to see and there is a car park here with a catering stall and toilets.
To walk here from the town square - with the Green Howards museum on your right walk to the end of the path and turn right - go down the narrow street and hill and the falls are at the bottom.
We did not see the museum due to time restrictions but this is the museum of the Green Howards Regiment - an English army regiment that used Richmond as the heart of its recruiting area. The regiment was first raised in November 1688 by Colonel Francis Luttrell at Dunster Castle in Somerset, for service under William, Prince of Orange. The regiment was not actually based in the town until much later. It was only in 1873 that Richmond in Yorkshire became the regiment's home town.
This tower was built in 1746 by John Yorke, MP for Richmond, and named to mark the final establishment of Hanoverian rule after the defeat of the Jacobites in the same year. It stands in the park of his long-demolished house, at the edge of a steep slope above the River Swale, on the site of an old pele tower. It was probably designed by Daniel Garrett, also architect of The Banqueting House.
Inside are to be found, one above the other, two tall octagonal rooms, flooded with daylight and of the highest quality. The carving and plaster work of the lower is in a Gothic style, while that of the upper is Classical.
The Landmark Trust own the building and the tower can be hired to stay in.
Richmond's castle is the main attraction to visit in Richmond and is a must do.
Centrally located in the town, it was built by the Normans on the Riche-Mont (strong hill,) hence the name Richmond.
Work began on the castle in 1071, by Allan Rufus, kinsman of William the Conqueror. It's the oldest stone built Norman castle in the country and it's well preserved keep rises to 100 feet with it's walls being 11 feet thick. To get to the top involves climbing a straight, very steep, staircase which brings you out on to the top where you are rewarded with spectacular views of the town. Not for the faint hearted and not on a very wild day!
There is a shop, an information centre and display where you can view video footage of graffiti from coscientious objectors who were improsoned in the castle keep during WW1.The keep was also used (as well as primarily a fortress) as a barracks for the army during WW2.
It's a great place to wander at your own pace and of course Philip loved being able to get to the top of the keep!!I made it to the top as well but it was a little wild and I didn't linger long!!
It's an English Heritage property, so well maintained. For prices, see web site.
From Richmond castle there are steps down to a tiered garden, which reaches down to the banks of the River Swale. This is a newly laid out modern garden, known as the Cockpit Garden. It was designed by landscape architect Neil Swanson. I'm afraid I wasn't overimpressed, not my sort of garden as it was rather formal. I suppose it was the middle of winter and nothing was flowering so maybe I should give it a second chance in Spring.
The magnificent views of the town from the castle give you a good impression of the size of Richmond. It is way smaller than I had ever thought.
From various points there are walks along the River Swale, taking you to Easby Abbey in one direction and to the waterfalls in the other. We have still to do this, so obviously, we'll have to return!! Again, great views of the river from the castle keep.
If you take the road out of Richmond sign posted Leyburn and follow it for around 10 miles you'll come to the ruined Cistercian Jervaulx Abbey. I would recommend this trip becaiuse the drive from Richmond to the abbey takes you through some of the most beautiful Yorkshire Dales scenery.
The abbey itself is on private grounds but is open all year round. There is an honesty box to leave your entrance fee (£2.50) and you can take a guide pamphlet as well for an extra £1.50.
The abbey dates from the 12th century and although there is very little to see the setting is worth the trek.
There is a car park and tea rooms across the road.
Starting from the Market Place, you can walk along Frenchgate which is also the first picture in my intro. The street is sadly littered with cars but you can still see a fantastic street, especially if you get up the main road to Darlington and look back downhill. It is thought that the street gets its name from the Frenchmen working with and for the castle but who weren't allowed to live inside its walls.
The Yorkshire Dales National Park is formed around several dales (or valleys to the rest of you but up here they speak more Scandinavian). Swaledale is undoubtedly one of the most gorgeous of the many dales. Richmond is just outside the National Park boundaries and so it is very easy to visit this dale full of buttercups in bloom in May which is also the lambing season, heather on the peaks in August and sheep, stone walls and haybarns any time. See the clouds change the fells with their shadows and go for a hike along a footpath. Make a trip to the scenic village of Gunnerside, James Herriot's favourite Muker, or England's highest located pub at Tan Hill via the isolated village of Keld...Whatever you see will make you want to stop for pictures :-) The former lead mining village of Reeth is the dale's "capital" with most services and is at a junction with Arkengarthdale which is also scenic.
The Green Howard Regiment is a part of the Yorkshire Regiment today and very famous. It has its own museum in Richmond's old church where you can learn about the history and life in the regiment. It is actually more interesting than it sounds, partly because of Catterick that I mention in my local tip below, but also as the Green Howards have been involved in so much of Britain's military history such as the Crimea War and D-day. The regiment was founded in Somerset in 1688 to assist William of Orange when he landed in England. In 1744 it fought in Austria with its Colonel Howard and to distinguish his soldiers from those of another Howard, this regiment became the Green Howards because of their green facings. In 1920, the Green Howard finally became its official name. So what is the Yorkshire connection? Well, the regiment came back from the American War of Independence and was given the title "19th (First Yorkshire North Riding Regiment) of Foot" but not until 1873 did Richmond become its base. By then, it was soon changing its name to be called "The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales' own Yorkshire Regiment)" and if you are Danish or Norwegian, you are maybe particularly interested in this Alexandra link since she was Scandinavian and the Norwegian kings have been involved with the regiment ever since. Please note that the museum will close October 2006 for a refurbishment and open again in late 2007.
Richmond's little old Georgian theatre is a gem amongst theatres in Europe. Built in 1788, it is the only one of its kind and age in Yorkshire even though the first manager and actor Samuel Butler ran similar theatres all over Yorkshire's small towns. Sadly it was closed in 1848 but its significance was realised later and it reopened in 1963 again for guided tours and then plays. In 2003 it was extended which you can easily see during a visit today but that hasn't affected the charm of the old part where you can still see Britain's oldest stage set as prime exhibit on a guided tour.
Below the Market Place is a road down to the river Swale and you can also go via the main road below the castle if you come by car. Like many Dales falls, these falls are low but broad, and geologically fascinating in the way the riverbase stone is split in big slabs. It is a lovely place to just rest by the water or have a picnic and you can actually walk above the falls in the river during dry seasons (do not attempt it otherwise). In summer there is a kiosk selling ice cream and such in the car park and there is also a playground nearby.