The Bars of York, York
Micklegate was one of the most important gateways to York and the city entrance to and from the south of England. Amongst its more gruesome history is the fact that it was used to hang the heads of executed people from, to show the citizens of York what would befall those who tried to rebel against the King. One such rebel was Richard III's father the Duke of York, before the city later turned to the Yorkist case in the War of the Roses and Richard's brother, then King Edward IV removed his father's head when he came to power. The museum shows all this in its section on the War of the Roses, which also tells you of Charles I and his base here when fighting the Scots and during the Civil War later. There is also a section on local families who lived in the gate when possible in more peaceful times. All in all, a small but very interesting museum for history buffs.
On our second and last day we had plan to see Mickel gate museum...
A nice man was working there, he did tell us alots of history and told us to walk in to the round towers.. on one side you can se how fare down it is... on the other side... iiiiiiiiik.. well he did say that we coud se how high the tower is.. well.. I did not come so fare, befor I knew it a "man" did stand infront of me... a doll man from the past.. sceard the hell out of me..
The building is old and the sters a bit creepy.. but we made it to the top.. great to se the heads of great british men ;)
I also lost mine :)
So if you are planing a trip to York.. you have to make time to Mickel gate Bar
Bootham bar is a one of the four Medieval entrances to the walled City of York and is the oldest gateway, part of it dating from the 11th or 12th Century. It stands on the site of the Northwest gateway (porta principalis dextra) of the Roman fortress. Every bar had a portcullis and a barbican consisting of parallel walls at right angles to the bar ending in an outer gateway. The portcullis can still be seen by climbing up the steps next to the public toilets. There are some lovely coats of arms on Bootham bar and don't miss the three statues which sit right up on the top.
Among the most impressive sights in York are the various bars which mark the entrance points at the town walls to the medieval city. There are 4 main bars, roughly at the north, south, east and west of the city and each are simialr enough in design and date from the 14th century.
Micklegate (the name derives from the Viking "myla gata" or "great street") marks the main entrance to the city. It is also the traditional entry point for kings and queen's visiting York. The gatehouse is four stories high, and contains living quarters on its upper floors. A simple gatehouse was constructed here in the 12th century, but elaborate defenses were added in the 14th century. There is a small museum inside now which traces the history of the Bar and the city itself. Micklegate Bar was also the place where traitor's heads were displayed to deter rebellion - some heads were left there for years.
Wander the city walls of York and take the time to examine the various gates leading to the city. These walls were first built in Roman times and were added to over the years and are some of the best preserved walls in England.
The gate pictured is called Micklegate and the main road to the south went through it. It was the focus for civic events, such as the greeting of a monarch, and was used to display the severed heads of traitors. Some of the heads displayed here were those of Richard Duke of York (1461), Earl of Devon (1461) and Earl of Northumberland (1572).
Monk bar is one of the Medieval gateways in York. It still has a working Portcullis and now houses a museum dedicated to the most enigmatic of English kings, Richard III.
in the past, heads on display on the gate. today, cars drive through the gate now to get to the other side of the city.