History of Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire’s first archaeological evidence of human settlement and land use in the area dates back to the Neolithic period (4,000-3,500 BC). After the Roman invasion in 43AD there was an immediate impact on Oxfordshire. Alchester was established as a major military base, possibly as soon as 44AD this was due to its location at an important junction of routes, north-south from Chichester and Silchester to the Midlands, and east-west on Akeman Street from St Albans to Cirencester. Later in the 1st century Alchester and Dorchester were to develop into Oxfordshire’s first towns.