Culloden Moor, Inverness
The battle of Culloden Moor which took place on 16 April 1746 put the end to the Stuart hopes of regaining the throne of Scotland. Bonnie Prince Charlie and his men were defeated at the battle by the English army under Cumberland in only 40 minutes..
The battlefield has monuments to both the victorious English army - the Field of the English and the great Memorial Cairn and the Cumberland Stone- and the various Graves of the Clans of Scotland.1200 out of 5000 Scots die compared to 300 of the 9000 of the King's army
When I first visited the site as a child it was not commercialised, and had a sadness to it. Now there are audio commentaries, a tourist centre with restaurant , bookshop and all the other gimmicks.
The visitor centre in 2009 was £5 or £14 for families. Open 9am -6pm in summer.
closed in January. Autumn and winter 11am-4pm
I think everybody of Scottish decent should make a pilgrimage to Culloden in their lifetime. I am extremely ashamed as a "New World" Scot to say that I knew absolutely nothing of its history or significance before my visit. I stepped out onto the field and from out of nowhere tears welled in my eyes. It felt as though the ground itself was crying out in sadness. "Your people were massacred here.."
"The Battle of Culloden", on April 16, 1746, was the last stand of the Scottish Jacobites against the English. It was also the last land battle ever fought on British soil.
Bonnie Prince Charlie (Prince Charles Edward Stuart) led an army of 5400 exhausted, starving Highlanders against 9000 men led by the Duke of Cumberland. The British artillery outnumbered the Jacobites guns three to one. The resulting battle on the mud-soaked field was a bloodbath for the Scots.
Despite a brave charge by the Highlanders, which took down the Duke's front line, when the battle was over in less than an hour, 1250 Scots lay dead--the rest scattered or wounded. Bonnie Prince Charlie fled the battle and later fled the country. After the British victory, Cumberland ordered the execution of all wounded and prisoners. He rode into Inverness, his sword covered in blood, and in the coming days 3470 Jacobites and supporters were taken prisoner or executed.
Make sure to do a guided tour of the moor--it's the only way to get everything out of it. Our guide was friendly, funny, highly knowledgeable, dramatic, and dressed in period costume. Don't miss: the mass grave markers, the memorial cairn, and the restored Leanach Cottage. The Visitor Centre has an exhibits with weapons and artifacts from the period. Culloden was one of the highlights of my entire trip to the U.K., and although there's not too much to look at, there's something very spiritual about it.
Cost was about £5 and included the field tour. Admission to the museum cost extra.