In 1544 an invading English army burned down most of the Palace and the Abbey. It was repaired, accidentally burnt down in 1650, rebuilt by Oliver Cromwel, and finally built as it now appears by Charles II in 1671.
It is near the end of the High Street and takes 10mins walk from the train station.
Palace of Holyroodhouse
The Queen's official Scottish residence, set against the background of Arthur's Seat, stands at the eastern end of the historic Royal Mile.
The Palace of Holyroodhouse stands on the site of the original guest house for the medieval Holyrood Abbey, and is used today by Queen Elizabeth II as her home and office whenever she is in Edinburgh.
An absolute MUST would be Holyrood Abbey. The atmosphere and the mood of the Abbey truly has the feel of Scotland.
Fondest memory: My fondest memory would be the Edinburgh Tattoo. It poured rain the whole show, but it was worth every minute.
see the castle, Holyrood Palace, the Royal Mile and the neighborhood around it. Then, see Prince's Street and all the shops on the streets parallel to it. Near Greyfriar's Bobby there is a Mexican Restauraunt called the Haugh House that is very good. Be sure to wear comfortable shoes as the streets and sidewalks are cobblestone and not smooth.
Fondest memory: Travelling around the city with my daughter who was to be married in a few days. My future son-in-law showing us the shop where he works. Going to restaurants and shops away from the main tourist areas and staying in a bed and breakfast.