You can see how they used to work.... here is the iron man hehehehe. ok Blacksmith
If you have any question, they stop and talk to you about how it used to be. They are very friendly.
Then this work can be bought at the shop or at the workshops.
As they rotate you may not see always the same ones.
Cilewent Farmhouse was first built in 1470 and would have looked like Hendre'r-y-ywydd Uchaf (no7) but in 1734 it's timber walls were rebuilt in stone and all that remains of the original house are the two cruck trusses in the cowhouse.
This type of farmhouse with the cattle living at one end and the owners at the other is called a longhouse and they were once common in mid and south Wales. This building contains a stable and room for twelve cattle with a hay loft above as well as the living quarters.
It was re erected at Saint Fagans in 1959
Until the mid 20th Century every rural community in Wales depended heavily on its Smithy. It was at the Smithy that horses were shod, wagon weels mended and house hold items made and mended amongst numerous other tasks.
Many smithies developed into centres of rural industry making ploughs and other farm implements, as well as doestic utensils, tools and nails.
Llawr-y-glyn smithy ceased working in 1963 and was re erected at Saint Fagans 1n 1970 -1972. it is a simple single storey structure which consists of a shoeing area, the smithy and a stable which was used to house the horses awaiting shoeing. This was later adapted into a half loft for the storing of iron.
As with all craftsmens workshops at Saint fagans the resident blacksmith uses traditional tools and equipment to make pieces of decorative forgework.
As you walk around the grounds of St Fagans you will come accross some lovely old buildings which you can explore.
Garreg Fawr farm house was originally built during the Tudor period 1544 and was located in Gwynedd. The Owners would have been a wealthy farmer and his family.
The house has some great features including huge stone chimneys and a great fireplace.
These Cottages were originally located in Rhyd-y-car in Merthyr Tydfil. As you go inside each cottage you can see how the homes and their contents have changed from 1805 (the first cottage) through to 1985 (the last cottage). The rooms, furniture and objects illustrate different periods of history in Merthyr Tydfil, the cradle of the industrial revolution and one of the most important iron-manufacturing towns in the world in the 19th century. Once you've has a look at the houses, don't forget to have a look at the gardens too. You can walk around the back of the cottages where you'll find the pigeon cots and tin baths out in the backyard.
St Teilo's church originated from the Pontarddulais area of Swansea. It has been reconstructed to look as it may have done around 1520. The building’s life carried on long after that date and people still worshipped there in the 1970s, though the building was in bad condition.
In the early 1980s patches of colour were noticed showing through the plaster on the interior walls. These turned out to be medieval wall paintings. By the summer of 1984 the Church had no roof and was due to be dismantled. The wall paintings were carefully removed before this work started. During this process over 15 square metres of late medieval wall paintings were uncovered. In the summer of 2009 Italian artists were brought in to breath life into the medieval paintings and they were restored using traditional methods.
As you walk into the Church you will be amazed by the lavish interior and the beautiful paintings before you.
The Celtic Village at St fagans was recreated in 1992. The village features some great roundhouses identical those occupied by our Iron Age ancestors. During our visit there was a fire lit in one of them being tended by a member of staff and a few of the weapons and tools which would have been used at that time were on display. It's definitely one not to miss!!
St Fagans museum is set in acres of glorious countryside. Near the celtic village you will find a lovely woodland trail with lots of informative interpretation boards along the way telling you about the species of trees and wildlife found in and around the area. It's only a short walk and relatively easy going - well worth a wander!!
St Fagans Castle is a Grade 1 listed building and one of the finest Elizabethan manor houses in Wales. The interior illustrates the history of the house throughout four centuries. As well as original furniture, some of the finest pieces from the Museum’s collections from other houses are also displayed.
Originally built in 1580, much of the interior was re-modelled during the 19th century.
The rooms are furnished to reflect the lives of the family in residence at the end of the century, that of Lord Robert-Windsor, later the Earl of Plymouth, who donated the Castle along with 18 acres of land to National Museum Wales in 1946.
In 1880 William Llewellyn developed his grocery business by building this great shop. originally it was just the central section flanked by a storeroom and Llewellyn's house.
The shop was fitted with mahogany shelving, counters and bins by Parnalls of Bristol.
by 1912 the ground floor of the house was a drapery.
The shop expanded to included the first floor and the ground floor of the adjoining 3 houses.
In 1916 Gwalia Stores comprised of a bakerk, ironmongery, grocery, gentlemens outfitters, chemist along with a section selling Animal feeds.
Members of staff slept inthe attics and were paid 8 shillings (40p) per week
The stores were re erected at St Fagans in 1991
The small terrace of houses was built by Richard Crawshay inorder to provide housing for some of the workers of his iron ore mine. Crawshay was one of the great iron masters that made Merthyr Tydfil one of the most important Iron manutacturiong towns in the world during the early 19th c .
Ironstone miners were relatively well off among the other people of Merthyr and their house survived while those of the poorer people have disapeared.
This Six house terrace has been displayed to illustratew different periods of their history.
1805, 1855, 1895, 1925, 1955 and 1985
The changes of the buildings and their gardens are clearly shown in this terrace and it really is very interesting.
This small chapel is typical of early Welsh nonconformist chapels. it is a simple and anadorned structure with entrances in one of the long walls. Later chapels were much grander and have their doorways in much more ornimental gable end walls.
This chapel was probably converted from a barn and adapted as a uniterian Chapel in 1777.
The original Chapel had a loft which was removed it the 19th Century and the present gallery added which greatly increased the seating capacity. The pews on the ground floor are all different which shows that they were built for the families that took responsibility and used them. The Chapel Deacons sat in a pew to the side of the high pulpit which was raised when the gallery was built.
The floor is of beaten earth except for the communion area which is boarded.
The Unitarians always valued learning and this small Chapel has housed bnoth elemeentary and grammar schools during it's history.
It is still a conscrated building with worship taking place at regular intervals. Particulary Christmas, Easter and Harvest Festivals.
It was built in 1777 and was re erected at St. Fagans in 1956
St. Fagans castle was built in 1580 and was opened to the public in 1947 and is a grade 1 listed building, it is one of the finest Elizabethan Manor houses in Wales and stands within the walls of a medieval Castle.
In 1946 the Castle along with 18 acres of land was donated by the Earl of Plymouth to the National Museum of Wales as a site for the National Of Wales as a site for a National Museum of Wales.
Much of the interior was remodelled during the 19th century.
Many rooms in the mansionare fully equipped with gunuine old furniture, house hold equipment and general brick a brak that spans many centuries.
The Castle Gardens At St Fagans are a really nice place to walk around. They have developed over the years with the fishponds that were on a map of 1766 and used to produce fish for the table being developed into ponds and terraces in the 1850's.
Next to the castle are the more formal gardens and greenhouses.
The ;ittle Summer house was built around 1880 and came from the grounds of Cardiff Castle .
It was built around the same time that the 3rd Marquis of Bute was undergoing his massive building and restoration programs on Cardiff Castle and Castle Coch transforming them into extravagent romantic follies.
It is thought that this small summer house could have been designed by The Marquis's Architect William Burges or by his assistant William Frame.