All over Wales you can find the sites of Hillforts and Roundhouses, There are places where some of these have been reconstructed so that you can see how the Celts used to live.
There is a fantastic Celtic Village reconstruction at St Fagans, The 3 round houses are each built in different styles, there is a stone walled one that was based on one found at Conderton in Worcestershire, A large Wattle walled house has a roof supported on posts and is based on remains that were excavated at Moel y gerddi in Gwynedd. The smaller wattle walled house which is normaly on site has been dismantled and is going to be rebuilt. It is based on one from the hillfort of Moel y gaer in Flintshire.
All 3 houses are roofed with straw, you can go inside the larger house and you can see (through the smoke from the central fire) weaving looms, and other everyday utensils that would have been used by the Celts.
The vullage is defended by a palisade and a ditch to stop intruders as well as magical symbols to keep the evil spirits out.
This was one of my favorite places in St Fagans and i went back to it twice during my visit.
Llwyn Yr Eos was a tenanted farm on the Plymouth estate from at least the 18th century although the present farmhouse dates from the 19th century. It is one of the few buildings that are on there original site and it was opened as a part of the museum in 1989.
It is displayed as a large farm of the 1930s with working gas lighting and early 20th c furniture'
It's kitchen is frequently used to demonstrate traditional cooking techniques using the traditional coal fire range as well as the gas oven.
In the farmyard there is a barn that was built in 1820 around the same time as the house along with other outbuildings which include pigsties, calf pens and stables. There are some early tractors on display along with the more traditional horse drawn equipment. Next to the stables is a small cottage were the Farm labourer and his family would have lived.
Running around the yard you can see Hens, Geese, Turkeys, and in the barns there were some little pigletts.
It is still a working farm and so it is a great place to get a glimpse of how farm life must have been.
Kennixton Farmhouse was built in 1610 and re-erected at St Fagans in 1955. It is a typical farmhouse from Gower in south west Wales. It's walls are painted red which are thought to protect the house against evil spirits. The house would originally have consisted of only a small parlor and the loft above. During the 17th C new prosperity ment that a living room was added around 1680 followed by the back kitchen.
They have recently aquired the original barn whith was attached to the house and this is currently being reconstructed on site.
St. Fagan's is the name of a very pretty village in Cardiff, and it is also the name of the Castle that stands proud in the middle of it all.
The original house was built in the late 1500's on the grounds of a derilict medieval castle, although some of the original medieval walls still remain and enclose the present castle.
Interestingly, it was originally built by a lawyer and ti is only in the 18th century that the house fell into the hands of the Windsor Family, the Earls of Plymouth. They have since donated the house plus 100 acres of land to the Welsh National Museum.
I toured the main public rooms of the house and to me it appears more as a very grand house than a castle. You can still get a feel of what it must have been like to live here.
In addition to exploring the building itself, you can also tour the splended grounds and the waterways in the gardens to th rear of the building. I was rather surprised to discover that there was no cover charge or entrance fee of any kind.
Timber circles date back about 4000 years. The one reproduced at St Fagans is a full scale modl of ne excavated near Welshpool. It is open to the sky and similar to Stonehenge. In the centre of the Welshpool circle was a grave with two cremated remains, one of which had been killed by bow and arrow, probably as a sacrifice.
At the Museum of National History , there is a pottery. You can see examples of pottery and can order a session to make a pot. The cost of the session is 3.50 GBP per person. When the museum is crowded, it is best to go early to book a session. You will then we allotted a time , and given a tray.
When you show up for the session, you will be issued with a waterproof apron, and be assigned to a wheel. the tutor throws a lump of clay and shows you how to hold the clay, with your thumbs in the centre to make a hollow. It is necessary to keep your hands wet while working with the clay.
You take home your finished pot.
The pottery here came from Ewenni Bridgend, where was a ridge of boulder clay available..
the kiln was first built in 1800, but converted 1900 to the closed type as shown today.
There are three circular houses as were used by the Iron Age inabitants of Britain. One is stone walled, like one from Conderton in Worcestershire; one wattle and daub fom Flintshire, and the largest which has the roof supported on posts from Gwynedd. All three have straw roofs, and the areais surrounded by a palisade and ditch. Inside can be seen fire-place, oven and utensils.
Deb took her son out of school and with Beth's family, they headed into Wales to St Fagan's Family life park. Here we see the outside of a castle not open to go in due to repair work. The gardens were very nice too. We went to a pub in town while we were there - very nice food and interesting place. Then we walked all over the rest of the park, I think they said there was a 100 acres.
The adults took turns carrying Beth's little daughter whose plan was not to have her feet touch the Welsh soil. (That is - she didn't want to walk.)
Saw some little farms where we got to see piglets and a sheep shearing and various other farm animals. There were assorted mills and churches and primitive villages. Finally we were kind of tired and took the little train back to the gift shop. On the way home we took an unintentional alternate route that took us through the city of Cardiff, but got back to Cheltenham in good time
10 am – 5 pm daily
Open Bank Holiday Mondays.
Car parking: £2.50 per car per day payable at Pay and Display points.
You can find many utensils, clothes, all of other eras of life.
You can go from Prehistorically items founded up to the news fashion of the 70?s lol
It deserves specially if it begins to rain hehehehe
When visiting the castle do buy a freshly baked loaf of bread, you can smell the baker baking it before you see the shop..the smell is mmmmmmmmmmmm
St Fagans also has a Special Tea room upatairs in the Gwalia Store. I had a bowl of soup with fresh bead and butter,pot of tea for one all for under £6.
St Fagans has a open air part to the museum with over forty original buildings from all over Wales moved and re-erected in the Castle grounds.
Just below the Castle at St Fagans you will find some wonderful gardens surrounding a number of ornamental fishponds. This is the ideal place to go in the summer to relax and have a picnic.
Esgair Moel Woollen Mill, a typical small woollen factory with all the processes under one roof, from dyeing the fleece to finishing the fabric. From Llanwrtyd Wells, Powys.
There are some beautiful garden displays surrounding the Castle including an Italian Garden (laid out in 1902, restored in 2003) and thyme garden.