Neyshabur Things to Do

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Most Recent Things to Do in Neyshabur

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    Tomb of Farid al-Din Attar (1)

    by Behi Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Tomb of Farid al-Din Attar
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    Farid al-Din Attar the poet, scholar mystic & Pharmacist was born in Neyshabur in 1142 & killed by Mongol invaders in 1221, buried in Shadiakh area.

    Attar means herbalist, druggist, perfumist, pharmacist.

    Attar is one of the most famous mystic poets of Iran.
    Attar works along with Sanai were the inspiration of Mollana(=Rumi) and many other mystic poets. Mollana praises Attar as such:
    Attar roamed the seven valleys of love -- We are still just in one alley.
    or
    Attar was soul & Sanaei was his eyes--we came after Attar & Sanaei.

    Attar's Seven Valleys of Love:
    The Valley of Quest
    The Valley of Love
    The Valley of Understanding
    The Valley of Independence and Detachment
    The Valley of Unity
    The Valley of Astonishment and Bewilderment
    The Valley of Deprivation and Death

    Books:
    Asrar Nameh (Book of Secrets) about Sufi ideas.
    Elahi Nameh (Divine Book), about zohd or asceticism.
    Manteq al-Tayr (Conference of the Birds)
    Tadhkirat al-Auliya (The Memorial of the Saints).

    Death:
    A traditional story is told about Attar's death :
    He was taken prisoner by a Mongol during the invasion of Neyshabur. Someone soon came and tried to ransom Attar with a thousand pieces of silver. Attar advised the Mongol not to sell him for that price. The Mongol, thinking to gain an even greater sum of money, refused the silver. Later, another person came, this time offering only a sack of straw to free Attar. Attar then told the Mongol to sell him for that was all he was worth. Outraged at being made a fool, the Mongol cut off Attar's head.

    Whether or not this is literally true isn't the point. This story is used to teach the mystical insight that the personal self isn't of much real worth. What is valuable is the Beloveds presence within us and that presence isn't threatened by the death of the body.

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    Tomb of Farid al-Din Attar (2)

    by Behi Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Tomb of Farid al-Din Attar
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    The 1st tomb was built shortly after his martyrdom, by Ghazi al Ghozzat Yahya Ben Saaed Neyshaburi.

    Then Amir Alishir Navaei, vizier of Sultan Hussein Bayghara, built edifice upon Attar’s tomb in 15th century.

    The new Tomb built during Qajar, by Naier ol-Dole the ruler of Khorasan in 19th century.
    the National Heritage Association implemented Tile work & and mended the decoration in 1962.

    The Tomb is an octagonal edifice with dual shell dome, The gravestone located at center.
    The walls flourished by his poems.
    The ceiling flourished by painting
    & the floor covered by octagonal Carpet.

    an octagonal black marble column in 3m height has reminded since 1486 AD.

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    Tomb of Omar Khayyam (1)

    by Behi Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Tomb of Omar Khayyam
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    Omar Khayyam the poet, mathematician, philosopher, astronomer & physician was born in Neyshabur in 1048 & is buried close to Neyshabur in own garden, next to Imamzadeh Mahroq Mosque.

    According to famous legend called 3 Schoolmates, He & 2 other students studied under the Emam Mowaffaq Neyshaburi at about the same time: Nizam ol-Mulk, who became the Vizier to the Seljukid Empire, & Hassan-e Sabah, who became the leader of the Hashshashin.

    Mathematician:
    Khayyam was famous during his times as a mathematician, His substantial mathematical contributions include his Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra, which gives a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle.
    in the Treatise he also wrote on the triangular array of binomial coefficients known as Pascal's triangle.

    He wrote Explanations of the Difficulties in the Postulates of Euclid. An important part of the book is concerned with Euclid's famous parallel postulate.
    He also had notable work in geometry, specifically on the theory of proportions.

    Astronomer:
    Like most mathematicians of the period, he was also famous as an astronomer.
    at the new observatory at Ray in 1074, Khayyam & his colleagues measured the length of the solar year as 365.24219858156 days (correct to 6 decimal places). This calendar measurement has only an 1 hour error every 5500 years, whereas the Gregorian Calendar, adopted in Europe four centuries later, has a 1 day error in every 3330 years.
    He reformed the Persian calendar. in 1079, Malek Shah I accepted this corrected calendar as the official Persian calendar.
    We still use his calender as official calendar in Iran & Afghanistan.

    He Also built a star map.
    He also estimated & proved that the universe is not moving around earth.He also elaborated that stars are stationary objects in space.

    He contributed to other fields of science. He developed a method for accurate determination of the specific gravity. He wrote 2 books in metaphysics, "Risala Dar Wujud" & "Norooz Namah".

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    Tomb of Omar Khayyam (2)

    by Behi Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Tomb of Omar Khayyam

    Poet:
    Khayyam's poetic work has eclipsed his fame as a mathematician and scientist.
    He is believed to have written about a thousand four-line verses, quatrains.

    Khayyam himself was undevout and had no sympathy with popular religion, but was not a convinced atheist.

    Khayyam's disdain of Islam in general and its various aspects.

    Although a great number of quatrains erroneously attributed to Khayyam manifest a more colorful irreligiousness and hedonism, nevertheless, the number of his original quatrains that advocate laws of nature and deny the idea of resurrection and eternal life readily outweigh others that express the slightest devotion or praise to God or Islamic beliefs.

    Rubáiyát (quatrains):
    The Koran! well, come put me to the test
    Lovely old book in hideous error drest
    Believe me, I can quote the Koran too,
    The unbeliever knows his Koran best.

    And do you think that unto such as you,
    A maggot-minded, starved, fanatic crew,
    God gave the secret, and denied it me?
    Well, well, what matters it! believe that too.

    Those who have gone forth, thou cup-bearer,
    Have fallen upon the dust of pride, thou cup-bearer,
    Drink wine and hear from me the truth:
    (Hot) air is all that they have said, thou cup-bearer.

    Oh, come with old Khayyam, and leave the Wise
    To talk; one thing is certain, that Life flies;
    One thing is certain, and the Rest is Lies;
    The Flower that once has blown for ever dies.

    O Mullah, We (people) do much more work than you,
    Even when we are drunk, we are still more sober than you,
    You drink people's blood and we drink the grape's blood [wine].
    Let's be fair, which one of us is more immoral?

    Rubaiyat Khayyam (Quatrains):
    http://www.omar-khayyam.org/
    http://www.iranchamber.com/literature/khayyam/rubaiyat_khayyam1.php
    http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Rub%A1iy%A1t_of_Omar_Khayy%A1m_%28Le_Gallienne%29

    http://www.iranchamber.com/literature/khayyam/khayyam.php
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_Khayy%A1m

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    Tomb of Omar Khayyam (3)

    by Behi Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Tomb of Omar Khayyam is located in 100m north of Imamzade Mahrogh.
    in a beautiful garden as Khayyam predicted, "around my tomb would be blossom & flowers"

    The shape of The Building is like 18m upside down chalice inspired from poems with 10 piers in geometrical shapes inspired from his works in Mathematics, The exterior side of walls flourished with some of Famous Rubáiyát (quatrains).
    Around tomb there are some Pyramids & small tilewored pools.

    This building built in 1962
    Designed by eng. Houshang Seihon whom is architect of Tomb of Ferdosi, Kamal ol-Molk, Nader shah...
    & Small statue of Khayyam in Marble that installed at entrance of Garden is work of Abolhasan Sedighi.

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    Kamalolmolk

    by omidamini Written Mar 28, 2008

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    Mirza Mohammad Khan Ghaffari Kashani, or Kamalolmolk, remains one of the greatest and most highly revered artists in Iran's history. The representational and miniature art communities will forever remain indebted to the legacy of this man's genius, and its expression through a life of prolific, stunning artistic output.

    Ostad Kamalolmolk's art reflects not only the cultural and political atmosphere of his time (a period of instability and ideological decline within Iranian society and government) but also a deep, personal desire to escape the constraints of that time. To the degree that any artist can subvert the repressive limitations of his era, community or tradition, Ostad Kamalolmolk's work has done so.

    The Ostad's earliest connection with art was through his father, Agha Mirza Bozorge Ghaffari Kashani, an artist at the royal court of the Qajar. Some of Agha Mirza's own work was included in manuscripts of the historian Hakimolmolk's widely-read Safar Nameh, a chronicle of Nasreddin Shah's journey to Mashhad.

    With his father's encouragement, Kamalolmolk entered the higher education institute of Darolfonoun in Teheran, the most prestigious of its time. Recognized as a prodigy from an early age, he undertook the simultaneous studies of art, French language, medicine and history. His teacher and lifelong mentor, Mozayanoddoleh Nazari, trained Kamalolmolk in the study of art history and technique, and it was at Darolfonoun that the young Ostad first honed his craft.

    In the twilight of his accomplished life, Kamalolmolk, now a nationally-revered figure, became a recluse, passing his remaining years in the remote Hosseinabad region, in the tiny village of Naishabour. Having lived through the deaths of his children, colleagues and friends, the Ostad remained in hiding until his death, a staunchly independent, free artist to the end.

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    Ghadamgaah

    by omidamini Written Mar 28, 2008

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    Between Neyshabour and Mashhad road is a village , Muslem tenet Emam Reza ( innocent man for muslim live in 1200 years ago and his tomb is in Mashhad ) past from here and he satid here and from his spoor made a fountain .

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    Khayyam Tomb

    by omidamini Written Mar 28, 2008

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    The tomb of the poet, mathematican, an astronomer of Iran (d. 517 AH) is located in Hireh cemetery, near the tomb of Emamzadeh Mohammad Mahrooq. The Structure was devastated in different periods. A handsome monument was built on it in the Pahlavi period. In 1959 a new tomb was built by Hooshang Sayhoon Tarrahi and K. Zh. T. Co. in Khayyam Square at the order of the National Monuments Society. Khayyam’s dead body was transferred to the present-day tomb in 19 May 1962. Its National Monuments Registration Number is 1175.12.

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    Attar Tomb

    by omidamini Written Mar 28, 2008

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    Attar Tomb
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    Its first construction was built by the supreme judge Yahya ebn-e Sa´ed, one of the nobles of Neyshaboor. It fells in ruin in the Timurid period. Later on, a handsome mausoleum was installed on it by Amir Alishir Navai`, the sage minister of Soltan Hossein Bayqara. It was restored and completed thanks to the efforts of the National Monuments Society in 1962. Its tombstone is made of black headstone on which verses in thulth script are carved.
    Owing to the great dignity of Attar, Cultural Heritage Organization has devoted its efforts to enlarge the Surroundings of the mausoleum. Its National Monuments Registration Number is 1173.10.

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    Bazzar Sarposh

    by Behi Updated Dec 29, 2007

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    Bazzar Sarposh(=roofed bazaar) is one of the unique Bazaars in Khorasan province.
    bulit during Safavid (16th Century).

    Bazzar Sarposh is very small part of great Bazaar that was from Mashhad gate(in West) to Iraq gate(in East), whole width of the city.

    There are a bathhouse & a caravansary in Bazaar area.

    located in downtown.

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    Fazl ebne Shazan

    by Behi Updated Dec 29, 2007

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    Fazl ebne Shazan
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    Fazl ebne Shazan was a decent of Prophet Muhammad was born in 9th century AD. He was a Shia Muslim scholar & Writer.

    it's religious shrine, some go for pilgrimage.
    The interior walls are decorated with mirror & there is beautiful wooden Zarih
    Tile workings are recent one ~1960

    http://abarshahr.blogfa.com/post-98.aspx

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    Tomb of Heydar Yaghma "Shaer-e Kheshtmal"

    by Behi Updated Dec 29, 2007

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    Tomb of Heydar Yaghma
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    Heydar Yaghma "Shaer-e Kheshtmal" was a poet, born in 1926 in a village near Neyshabur & died in poverty in March 1986 in Neyshabur & buried beside Shadiyakh.
    Yaghma was a simple bricklayer worker and was not literate.

    He has described everything just through his rural simple view, that there had never been such those poems before, that made his poems unique in the field of his view.

    من یكی كارگر بیل به دستم، برمن نام شاعر مگذارید و حرامم مكنی
    -
    قرعهٔ دانش به نام خشتمالی می‌زند آفرین بر خاک شاعر پرور ایران من
    -
    می‌نویسم شعر با انگشت اندر خشت خام گر بهای خامه دفتر نشد امکان من
    -
    خاک من شعر سراید چو تنم خاک شود این نه نقشی است که از طول زمان پاک شود

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heydar_Yaghma
    http://tajassomi.iricap.com/magentry.asp?id=3145

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    Tomb of Kamal ol-Molk

    by Behi Updated Dec 29, 2007

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    Tomb of Kamal ol-Molk
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    Mohammad Ghaffari, better known as Kamal ol-Molk is the Iran's greatest contemporary painter,Born in 1847 in Kashan & died in 1940 and was buried in Neyshabur next to the Attar.
    He studied at Dar ol-Fonoon. His progress was so rapid that he became the royal painter of King Nasereddin Shah at the age of 18.

    His tomb buit in 1961, Designed by eng. Houshang Seihon whom is architect of Tomb of Ferdosi, Khayyam, Nader shah...
    Houshang Seihon combined Iranian custom architecture & Modern architecture in Tomb as like as what Kamal ol-Molk did in his works.
    & Tile workings used to remembrance of the Kashan the Kamal ol-Molk's birthplace

    The Kamal ol-Molk's face relief on gravestone has been sculpted by his student, Abolhasan Sedighi whom sculpted reliefs in tomb of Ferdosi.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamal-ol-molk
    http://www.iranchamber.com/art/kamalolmolk/kamalolmolk.php

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    Imamzade Mahrogh, an Amazing Safavid TileWork (1)

    by Behi Updated Dec 29, 2007

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    Imamzade Mahrogh
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    Imamzadeh Mahrogh is a Shi'a Imamzadeh, the son of the 4th Shi'a Saint Sajad.

    Imamzade Mahrogh is the Masterpiece of Safavid tile working.
    the entrance veranda is covered with glorious Tiles & decorated with mirrors.

    The shrine is located at southeast of Neyshabur, in the south of same garden where tomb of Khayyam is located.

    He called Mahrogh because he was burnt by order of Abbasid Khlaifate.

    Imamzadeh Ibrahim has been buried beside him.

    Imamzadeh means Imam-born, refers to an immediate descendant of a Shi'a Imam.
    The word is also used to refer to a shrine that is specific to Shi'a Islam and in which the Imamzadeh is buried.

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    Imamzade Mahrogh, an Amazing Safavid TileWork (2)

    by Behi Updated Dec 29, 2007

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    Imamzade Mahrogh
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    Imamzade Mahrogh is the Masterpiece of Safavid tile working,
    the entrance veranda is covered with glorious Tiles & decorated with mirrors.

    The shrine has been built during Shah Tahmasp Safavid in ~16th century
    An inscription is in Imamzade says Shah Safi imporved it in ~ 1631
    in another inscription by Shah Soltan Hossein Safavid, says it has been repaired in ~ 1707

    during Nader Shah Afshar some Tile workings was added to Shrine in ~18th century

    Shrine has been repaired again by Naser Aldin Shahh Ghajar in ~ 1880

    There are feet sign in black stone in Imamzade that said is the Emam Reza feet sign.

    Imamzadeh Mahrogh is a Shi'a Imamzadeh, the son of the 4th Shi'a Saint Sajad.

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