The caves of Rosh HaNikra have been carved out of the rock by rain and the sea. A long tunnel has been made by man to connect the caves and make access easier for visitors.
I saw the caves a sunny day, but I can imagine how different it would be a cloudy day with strong wind and bigger waves coming into the caves.
The name Rosh HaNikra comes from the Arabic Ras-a-Nakura, which means the head of the grotto.
As you step out of the cable car you will have tunnels, carved out by the British, both to the north and south. The tunnels were for the railroad the British were building to connect Europe and Egypt. In the north tunnel there is a 20 minutes long film about the history of the railroad. When I arrived I did not look for the film but went straight to the caves. When I as the last stop arrived to the north tunnel there was going to be a film in Hebrew after 20 minutes. I did not wait. Maybe there had been a film in English a bit earlier. It can be good to check it out when you arrive.
The only train running now days is a little tourist train running during weekends between Rosh HaNikra and the beach in Achziv.
Around the caves are white cliffs, which look very nice against the blue sea.
The site is open between 8.30 - 16.00 in winter and between 8.30 - 18.00 in summer. Several days in July - August it is open until 23.00. Some evenings there is live music “under the stars” and sometimes the place is used for private weddings and anniversaries etc.
On top of the cliff there is a restaurant with a beautiful view over the coast.
Those cliffs are not huge but they are very beautiful chalk cliffs with amazing blue water surrounding them.
Rosh Ha'nikra is a very quiet place and this is what makes it so special.
The grottos here are very beautiful and some of the picture you will take will be amazing with the rocks and the colors of the water.
For many years the nature is playing with the rock in this area and i guess the place is still changing all the time.
The border with Lebanon is right here on Rosh Ha'nikra , well one of the passes.
You can't pass from here and it is not allowed to take pictures because it is a military base there , but it is nice to know that this is the end of the country.
there is a big sign with the distances from Jerusalem and Beirut.
the view from top of the hill (before you go down on the cable car) is amazing.
you can see the different colors of the sea , ships and when there are days with good visibility you can see the whole area of the northern beach strip.
To go to the grottos you must use the cable car.
the view from the cable car is very beautiful , you can see the sea and the cliffs.
the time to get from side to side is 1 or 2 minutes.
Reputedly built by 'Alexander the Great of Macedonia' to allow a passageway for his Army after besieging Tire. In truth the caverns are naturally formed by wave action over thousands of years on the soft chalk rock. The total lenth is over 200 meters and is formed into a series of interconnecting passageways.
Take the cablecar down to sea level, to see the grottos. The ride takes about one minute and you can have great views of the cliff and sea.
It operates all the year and opens every day.
Timetable: from 8.30 a.m. - 5 p.m.
A fee is charged.
There are three railway tunnels at the site. Built by the British Army during World War Two, to link Haifa with Beirut. The first can still be visited, the second which runs under the Israel Lebonan border is bricked up at its center, but has been turned into a cinema to show an audio-visual presentation about the sites history. The third is on the Lebanese side of the border.
In 1947 the Israelli guerilla fighters destroyed the bridge linking two of the tunnels to avoid an invasion from Lebanon, during their fight for Independence.
Above at the top of the cliffs is the Lebanese border. Guarded by its military complex. I dont think I should have taken this pic, I noticed later a sign saying 'No photography'. Oh well... its only a gate.
The cliffs and the seashore around the grottos are a Natural Reserve. The cliffs house flora unique in this area. The caves house colonies of bats, swallows and rock pigeons. The sea and its shore has many species of fish and is often visited by loggerhead turtles, for the purposes of mating. They lay their eggs on this section of coast.
Its a unique formation, the 70 meter high cliffs are formed of three different types of limestone, the upper and lower layers much harder than the middle layer. This is the layer that the sea has hewn out to produce the grotto's. Viewed from inside, the colour of the sea and effects of the daylight outside produce a remarkably pretty scene.
Access to the site is afforded by the recently built cableway with two cars each holding 14 or 15 passengers. Its a 60 degree incline and runs for 102 meters in each direction. The ride takes just over 1 minute, brief, but it offers great views as you drop to the grottos.