Church of St. Peter, Jerusalem

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  • Church of St. Peter
    by machomikemd
  • Church of St. Peter
    by machomikemd
  • Church of St. Peter
    by machomikemd
  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Caiaphas Palace

    by machomikemd Written Oct 10, 2013
    4 more images

    this will be my pictures of High priest Caiaphas Palace, which is located underneath the Church.

    located at the eastern Slope of Mount Zion, just a stone's throw away from the Dormition Abbey and the western side of the Old City Walls is the Church Complex of Saint Peter in Gallicantu (galiicantu in latin means the rooster's crow), named after the incident where Sain Peter denied Jesus 3 times before the cock crows thrice. (Mark 14:30). The present church sits upon the ancient byzantine church ruins and the biblical site of High Priest of the Sanhedrin Caiaphas Palace, where Saint Peter Denied Jesus. the site is under the custody of the Assumptionist Religious Order and the church was rebuilt in 1932 with th help of France, hence the french language is used in the church.

    Opens: 8:00 am to 4:00 pm everyday
    admission is free

    according to wikipedia:

    Entrance and Sanctuary[edit]

    The entrance to the church is from a parking lot which is located above the main level of the church. In the courtyard is a statue that depicts the events of the denial and include its main figures; the cock, the woman, and the Roman soldier. The inscription includes the biblical passage; But he denied him, saying "Woman, I know him not"! (Luke 22:57) The entrance itself is flanked by wrought iron doors covered with biblical bas reliefs. To the right are two Byzantine-era mosaics found during excavation, these were most likely part of the floor of the fifth-century shrine. The main sanctuary contains large, multi-colored mosaics portraying figures from the New Testament. Facing the entrance is a bound Jesus being questioned at Caiaphas' palace; on the right Jesus and the disciples are shown dining at the Last Supper; and on the left Peter, considered the first Pope, is pictured in ancient papal dress. Perhaps the most striking feature of the interior is the ceiling, which is dominated by a huge cross-shaped window designed in a variety of colors. The fourteen Stations of the Cross also line the walls and are marked with simple crosses.

    Lower Church and Crypts[edit]

    Beneath the upper church is a chapel which incorporates stone from ancient grottos inside its walls. Down a hole in the center of the sanctuary one can see caves that may have been part of the Byzantine shrine. These walls are engraved with crosses left by fifth-century Christians. On an even lower level there is a succession of caves from the Second Temple period. Since tradition places the palace of Caiaphas on this site, many believe that Jesus may have been imprisoned in one of these underground crypts after his arrest, however, these underground caves were normal in many Roman-era homes, and often served as cellars, water cisterns, and baths. On the north side of the church is an ancient staircase that leads down towards the Kidron Valley. This may have been a passage from the upper city to the lower city during the first temple period. Many Christians believe that Jesus followed this path down to Gethsemane the night of his arrest.

    Related to:
    • Historical Travel
    • Archeology
    • Religious Travel

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  • machomikemd's Profile Photo

    Site where Saint Peter Denied Jesus

    by machomikemd Written Oct 10, 2013
    4 more images

    located at the eastern Slope of Mount Zion, just a stone's throw away from the Dormition Abbey and the western side of the Old City Walls is the Church Complex of Saint Peter in Gallicantu (galiicantu in latin means the rooster's crow), named after the incident where Sain Peter denied Jesus 3 times before the cock crows thrice. (Mark 14:30). The present church sits upon the ancient byzantine church ruins and the biblical site of High Priest of the Sanhedrin Caiaphas Palace, where Saint Peter Denied Jesus. the site is under the custody of the Assumptionist Religious Order and the church was rebuilt in 1932 with th help of France, hence the french language is used in the church.

    Opens: 8:00 am to 4:00 pm everyday
    admission is free

    according to wikipedia:

    Entrance and Sanctuary[edit]

    The entrance to the church is from a parking lot which is located above the main level of the church. In the courtyard is a statue that depicts the events of the denial and include its main figures; the cock, the woman, and the Roman soldier. The inscription includes the biblical passage; But he denied him, saying "Woman, I know him not"! (Luke 22:57) The entrance itself is flanked by wrought iron doors covered with biblical bas reliefs. To the right are two Byzantine-era mosaics found during excavation, these were most likely part of the floor of the fifth-century shrine. The main sanctuary contains large, multi-colored mosaics portraying figures from the New Testament. Facing the entrance is a bound Jesus being questioned at Caiaphas' palace; on the right Jesus and the disciples are shown dining at the Last Supper; and on the left Peter, considered the first Pope, is pictured in ancient papal dress. Perhaps the most striking feature of the interior is the ceiling, which is dominated by a huge cross-shaped window designed in a variety of colors. The fourteen Stations of the Cross also line the walls and are marked with simple crosses.

    Lower Church and Crypts[edit]

    Beneath the upper church is a chapel which incorporates stone from ancient grottos inside its walls. Down a hole in the center of the sanctuary one can see caves that may have been part of the Byzantine shrine. These walls are engraved with crosses left by fifth-century Christians. On an even lower level there is a succession of caves from the Second Temple period. Since tradition places the palace of Caiaphas on this site, many believe that Jesus may have been imprisoned in one of these underground crypts after his arrest, however, these underground caves were normal in many Roman-era homes, and often served as cellars, water cisterns, and baths. On the north side of the church is an ancient staircase that leads down towards the Kidron Valley. This may have been a passage from the upper city to the lower city during the first temple period. Many Christians believe that Jesus followed this path down to Gethsemane the night of his arrest.

    Related to:
    • Religious Travel
    • Archeology
    • Architecture

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  • jadedmuse's Profile Photo

    Church of St. Peter (in Gallicantu)-2

    by jadedmuse Updated Mar 23, 2008

    4.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Cave prison under the church
    1 more image

    Two points of interest:

    1. It's fascinating to go down the cavernous steps into the bowels below the church - also widely believed to be where Christ was imprisoned the night before he was crucified. Check out the photos: main one shows steps leading down to the prison chamber area; second one shows a podium which is likely the place where Caiphus would have held his mock “trial” immediately following the arrest of Jesus.

    2. The view over the City of David (the oldest part of Jerusalem....over 2000 years old, which is basically almost incomprehensible) which is currently being excavated, and the vista of the valleys surrounding Jerusalem are wonderful.

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  • jadedmuse's Profile Photo

    Church of St. Peter (in Gallicantu)

    by jadedmuse Updated Mar 23, 2008

    4.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    1 more image

    Located on Mt. Zion just outside the Old City walls, “Gallicantu" means "at the crowing of the cock" and is traditionally held as the site where Peter denied Christ three times. (note: when David and I were walking up the hill to the church, we actually heard a rooster crow three times up to the point we finally reached the church. Coincidence?!)

    The church is also considered to be built over the house of the Jewish high priest Caiphus. (main photo shows the church at the top of the hill; second photo shows the interior where above the altar Christ is depicted in chains standing before the Sanhedrin as he is condemned.)

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