Church of the Nativity, Jerusalem

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  • main star of the grotto and site of jesus birth
    main star of the grotto and site of...
    by machomikemd
  • Church of the Nativity
    by machomikemd
  • Church of the Nativity
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    Church of the Nativity: Grotto of the Nativity

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
    the exact spot of the manger, the manger star
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    this will be tip and pictures of the Small Grotto of the Nativity situated below the main altar of the Church of the Nativity where the Traditional site of Jesus Birth is marked by the Star and the Manger of the Nativity beside it, where Jesus was placed in a makeshift bed by the Virgin Mary. the line going to the Grotto can take hours specially if it is the roman catholic or greek orthodox holy week (based on different dates as each follow a different calendar) and during Christmas eve and Christmas Day.

    The Church of the Nativity is the star attraction of Bethlehem and is the reason for the vibrant tourist and Christian Pilgrims from all over the world who congregate to this little town. It is also a Unesco World Heritage Site. The Church of the Nativity was built and demolished several times since Saint Helena in 326 AD founded the Church, which was finished in 339 and after that if has gone into sevel demolitions and reconstructions, depending on who was in control of Bethlehem Then. The Church of the Nativity is a large complex that doubles as a fortress too and the complex is jointly managed by the Roman Catholic Church, Greek Orthodox Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church of which each Group has quarters in the Church of the Nativity (of which the Greek Orthodox have the main Altar and Apse of the Church and the Armenian Apostolics, the Armenian Altars of The Three Kings and Virgin Mary and the Church of Saint Catherine for the Roman Catholics.

    The Church of the Nativity Complex is divided into the Door of Humility (the small entrance to the church), the main hall with 44 columns with assorted crusader era paintings, the Church of Saint Catherine beside it, the various Caves and Chapels underground of Saint Catherine's Church, the floor mosaics underneath the main apse, the main church altar, where the Greek Orthodox say they masses and the main attraction is the Grotto of the Nativity underneath the Church, where a neutral silver star with a hole filled with Armenian Apostilic Incense pin points the exact site where Jesus was Born and beside it is the Chapel of the Manger, the spot where the Virgin Mary put the Baby Jesus in a makeshift bed.

    Opens: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm everyday

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    Church of the Nativity: Main Apse and Columns

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
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    This will be tips and pictures of some of the 44 main columns inside the Church of the Nativity decorated with Crusader era Paintings of the Holy Family and the floor mosaics being shown among the wooden trap doors in the Church.

    The Church of the Nativity Complex is divided into the Door of Humility (the small entrance to the church), the main hall with 44 columns with assorted crusader era paintings, the Church of Saint Catherine beside it, the various Caves and Chapels underground of Saint Catherine's Church, the floor mosaics underneath the main apse, the main church altar, where the Greek Orthodox say they masses and the main attraction is the Grotto of the Nativity underneath the Church, where a neutral silver star with a hole filled with Armenian Apostilic Incense pin points the exact site where Jesus was Born and beside it is the Chapel of the Manger, the spot where the Virgin Mary put the Baby Jesus in a makeshift bed.

    Opens: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm everyday

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    Church of the Nativity: Main Altar & Side Chapels

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
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    this will be tips and pictures of the main altar of the Church of the Nativity, which is under the control of the Greek Orthodox Church and the side Chapels on each side of the main altar (altar to the three kings and Virgin Mary), which are under the Custody of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

    The Church of the Nativity is a large complex that doubles as a fortress too and the complex is jointly managed by the Roman Catholic Church, Greek Orthodox Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church of which each Group has quarters in the Church of the Nativity (of which the Greek Orthodox have the main Altar and Apse of the Church and the Armenian Apostolics, the Armenian Altars of The Three Kings and Virgin Mary and the Church of Saint Catherine for the Roman Catholics.

    The Church of the Nativity Complex is divided into the Door of Humility (the small entrance to the church), the main hall with 44 columns with assorted crusader era paintings, the Church of Saint Catherine beside it, the various Caves and Chapels underground of Saint Catherine's Church, the floor mosaics underneath the main apse, the main church altar, where the Greek Orthodox say they masses and the main attraction is the Grotto of the Nativity underneath the Church, where a neutral silver star with a hole filled with Armenian Apostilic Incense pin points the exact site where Jesus was Born and beside it is the Chapel of the Manger, the spot where the Virgin Mary put the Baby Jesus in a makeshift bed.

    Opens: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm everyday

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    Church of the Nativity: Door of Humility

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
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    The Main Entrance to the Church of the Nativity is a small door that leads to a bigger wooden doors and finally to the Main Apse and Altar of the the Church. was created in Ottoman times to prevent carts being driven in by looters, and to force even the most important visitor to dismount from his horse as he entered the holy place. The doorway was reduced from an earlier Crusader doorway, the pointed arch of which can still be seen above the current door. The outline of the Justinian square entrance can also be seen above the door. If you have problems of entering the door, you can enter the Church of the Nativity via the Bigger entrance to Saint Helena Church beside it and then via a slightly bigger side door (slightly bigger than the door of humility) to the Church of the Nativity.

    Opens: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm everyday

    Address: Manger Square, Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestine

    Directions: Manger Square, Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestine

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    Mass at St. Catherine Church Caves

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
    at a chapel in the caves
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    Inside the Church of Saint Catherine are a large church and below are a complex of caves and rock-cut chambers of which Roman Catholic Pilgrims can celebrate mass lying just a few feet away from the traditional cave (or manger) where Jesus Christ Was Born in the Grotto of the Nativity. In the rock formation below include the Cave of St Jerome, who translated the Vulgate version of the Bible; St Joseph’s Chapel, recalling the dream in which an angel warned Joseph to take the Holy Family to Egypt; and the Chapel of the Holy Innocents, commemorating the children massacred by Herod. And this is where we had our mass off course as the main church of the nativity hall is only for Orthodox Christians.

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    Church of Saint Catherine

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
    facade and courtyard
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    The Church of Saint Catherine is just beside the Church of the Nativity, in fact, they are connected by a small doorway an is part of the Larger Church of the Nativity Complex. And while the Church of the Nativity is under the control of the Greek Orthodox Church, the Church of Saint Catherine is under the Control of the Franciscan order of the Roman Catholic Church. The church is said to be built on the site of Christ's appearance to St. Catherine of Alexandria and his prediction of her martyrdom (she is buried at the Saint Catherine Monastery in Mount Sinai, Egypt) and the Church was built upon the remains of a 12th century crusader monastery beside the Church of the Nativity and was erected in the 15th century by the franciscans and enlarged in 1881 with the help of the emperor of Austria and was remodeled in the 1950's with the help of the famed Franciscan Italian Architect Antonio Barluzzi.

    It is here where the Christmas Eve Mass is performed by the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem (the Bishop head of Roman Catholics in Israel and Palestine) and is beamed live all over the world during december 24rth of each year (orthodox christians follow the Julian Calendar hence Christmas Eve Mass is on January 6 of each year).

    Inside the Church of Saint Catherine are a large church and below are a complex of caves and rock-cut chambers of which Roman Catholic Pilgrims can celebrate mass lying just a few feet away from the traditional cave (or manger) where Jesus Christ Was Born in the Grotto of the Nativity. In the rock formation below include the Cave of St Jerome, who translated the Vulgate version of the Bible; St Joseph’s Chapel, recalling the dream in which an angel warned Joseph to take the Holy Family to Egypt; and the Chapel of the Holy Innocents, commemorating the children massacred by Herod. And this is where we had our mass.

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    Manger Square

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
    the square
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    The Huge Manger Square is located at the front of the Church of the Nativity and across from the Church is the Mosque of Omar and beside the commercial establishments around the square is the Municipal Office and Peace Center of the Palestinian Authority of Bethlehem. Manger Square is popular the world over as the site of Christmas Celebrations of Christians on the 24th of December eve (Othodox Christians Celebrate Theirs on January 7). The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem and the Armenian Apostolic Church follow the Julian Calendar liturgically, whereas the Roman Catholic Church follows the modern Gregorian Calendar. Thus Christmas Eve services for the Eastern and Western confessions are held on different days. On Christmas Eve, the square is alive with many Christian Pilgrims and locals singing christmas carols.

    Address: Manger Square, Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestine.

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    Church Of The Nativity

    by imran8852 Written Apr 3, 2007

    3 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

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    One of the reason we were in Bethlehem is to visit the Church Of Nativity. Here lies the silver star with Latin inscription 'Hic De Maria Virgine Jesus Christus Natus Est' which means 'Here Christ Was Born'

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    Church of the Nativity

    by marciaca Updated Aug 25, 2002

    1.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    It was different from my subconcious belief of what Bethlehem was, so it was a little surprising. When I would think of Bethlehem, I would think of a little Jesus in a manager and farm animals. Well, times have changes. There's a huge church with lots of gold and glitter all throughout.

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