The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem

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  • The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
    by machomikemd
  • The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
    by machomikemd
  • The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
    by machomikemd
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    Church of the Holy Sepulchre

    by jacobzoethout Updated Oct 23, 2005

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    Church of the Holy Sepulchre
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    Built on the place where Jesus was probably crusified and buried; this Church is the most holy site for Christians. In the time of Jesus, the location was outside the walls; since the early times of Christianity this is believed to be the place where it all happened. It is very probable that this place is the actual spot; the church is built around a rocky hill believed to be Golgotha / Calvary and a graveyard from the first century.
    The first church on this spot was built between 326 and 335 by Constantin; when Omar conquered Jerusalem, turning Jerusalem into a muslim city, he respected the church and didn't turn it into a mosque. The church however was later destroyed by the crazy sultan Hakim in 1090. Later a new church was built, which was expanded by the crusaders. Mainly, this is todays church, though huge parts of the church were destroyed and rebuilt after a fire broke out in 1808 and an earthquake in 1927.
    Many christians from different origin are attracted by this church. Inside there might be long queues in front of the grave of Jesus. Different churches, catholic and orthodox, own different parts of the church. They have so many problems in cooperating, that the keys of the church are being held by a muslim family.

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    Thirteenth Station of the Cross

    by FruitLover Written Mar 30, 2006

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    13th Station - Stone of the Annoitment

    Jesus is taken down from the Cross

    Stone of the Annointment where they put Jesus after his death.

    "Joseph of Arimathea, a member of the council, and a disciple of Jesus, went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then he took the body of Jesus down." (Luke 25:53)
    The mother of Jesus was there.

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    Jesus dies on the Cross - 12th Station of the Cros

    by FruitLover Written Mar 30, 2006

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    Jesus dies on the Cross - 12th Station of the Cros

    "Jesus cried, 'Eli, Eli, lama sabachtani?' that is, 'My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me? once more, uttering a loud cry, Jesus gave up His spirit" (Matt. 27:50).

    This Greek altar, ornamented in Eastern style, stands over the Rock of Calvary. It is over the place where the crosses of Jesus and the two thieves were erected. In the bed-rock, beneath is a large crack caused by an earthquake on the day Jesus died.
    The little altar between the main ones on Calvary is adorned with a statue in wood, fashioned in the 16th Century and sent from Lisbon in 1778. It recalls the grief of Mary and symbolizes the eternal grief of mothers at the death of their children.

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    Church Of The Holy Sepulchre

    by freya_heaven Updated Sep 9, 2004

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    Monks

    The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is on the site it is believed the crucifixion, burial and resurrction of Jesus. This is the premier site in Christian pilgrimage, but quite unimpressive. The puffed up egos of many of the monks you see flouncing around the place does not help the "welcoming " atmosphere.

    The Church is much smaller than the original, fire and earthquakes have caused the church to be rebuilt in different Christian styles over the centurys.

    The last 5 of the 14 Stations of the Cross are to be found inside the Holy Sepulchre.

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    Katholikon

    by leffe3 Updated Jun 29, 2012

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    The Greek Choir, also known as the Katholikon, is by far the largest open space in the Church.

    Although usually closed off from visitors by a chain, balconies and ornamental iconastasis are readily seen. The Greek Orthodox believe the centre of the world is located in the Katholikon, with a large urn on the floor marking the spot.

    But occasionally during the day the chain is lifted and a better perspective can be found standing under the dome and more detail is to be seen.

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    Holy Sepulchre

    by FruitLover Updated Jan 10, 2008

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    Holy Sepulchure, front
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    Without doubt, the largest, the most central and possibly the most interesting church is that of the Holy Sepulcher - site of Jesus' crucifixion (Calvary or Golgotha), as well as that of his place of burial (the Sepulcher). In fact, along the Via Dolorosa, its last stations - 9 to 14 - are located here.

    The church is first mentioned in 70 AD as one replaced by a temple to Venus. In the 4th century, Queen Helena - the mother of the Byzantine emperor Constantine - constructed an impressive structure, actually three connected churches built over three different holy sites.

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    Crucifixion Rock

    by freya_heaven Updated Jul 30, 2004

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    Crucifixion Site

    Inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City is the Rock which Jesus was thought to have been crucified upon. I have to admit I am quite ignorant about the situation exactly, as I though the site of the Crucifixion was in the Garden Tomb outside the city walls. Maybe they extracted the Rock & put it in the Holy Sepulchre,
    OR.......................... Maybe I am mistaken & the church was built around the rock!

    (~_~)

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    An Interesting Place

    by stevemt Written Mar 12, 2011

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    This church, is a maze of churches, belonging to varying denominations.

    The main denominations are Catholic, Eastern Orthodoxy & Oriental Orthodoxy.

    It is packed when open by tourists and pilgrims. There is a lot to see here, and it is very easy to miss things in the maze of chapels.

    Supposedly here there is the crusifixiation site and the burial site of Jesus, however this is up for discussion.

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    Deir Al Sultan: Ethiopian Orthodox Church Claimed

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013

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    At the Rooftops of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is a Monastery Called Deir Al Sultan, which was formerly a propertic of the Coptic Church of Egypt but was captured by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in 1970 on the infamous easter takeover and since then there were always brawls between these two Christian Denominations, the last one was in 2008. The Monastery is a shortcut to the entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre Main Gate for Pilgrims.

    according to the Coptic Website:

    Deir El Sultan lies on the roof of the Holy Sepulchre instead of the ruins of the Martyrium Church. It is located between the Coptic Patriarchate premises and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (on the east side). It expands over 1800sq.m. and consists of a courtyard with the dome of St Helena’s Chapel in the middle. There are two ancient Coptic chapels on the south-western side of the Monastery – the Chapel of the Archangel Michael and the Chapel of the Four Incorporeal Creatures. On the eastern side of the courtyard, there are some rooms in which the Copts host some Ethiopian monks, in addition the room of the Monastery’s Superior – who is a Coptic monk.

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    The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

    by Oana_bic Written May 6, 2007

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    The ground on which the church rests is venerated by most Christians as Golgotha, the Hill of Calvary, where the New Testament describes that Jesus was crucified. The entrance to the church is through a single door in the south transept. This narrow way of access to such a large structure has proven to be hazardous at times. Just inside the entrance is the Stone of Anointing, believed to be the spot where Jesus' body was prepared for burial. To the left, or west, is the Rotunda of the Anastasis beneath the larger of the church's two domes, in the center of which is the Edicule of the Holy Sepulchre itself. Under the status quo the Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Armenian Apostolic Churches all have rights to the interior of the tomb, and all three communities celebrate the Divine Liturgy or Mass there daily. It is also used for other ceremonies on special occasions, such as the Holy Saturday ceremony of the Holy Fire celebrated by the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem. To its rear, within a chapel constructed of iron latticework upon a stone base semicircular in plan, lies the altar used by the Coptic Orthodox. Beyond that to the rear of the Rotunda is a very rough hewn chapel believed to be the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea in which the Syriac Orthodox celebrate their Liturgy on Sundays. To the right of the sepulchre on the southeastern side of the Rotunda is the Chapel of the Apparition which is reserved for Roman Catholic use.On the east side opposite the Rotunda is the Crusader structure housing the main altar of the Church, today the Greek Orthodox catholicon. The second, smaller dome sits directly over the center of the transept crossing of the choir where the compas, an omphalos once thought to be the center of the world, is situated. On the south side of the altar via the ambulatory is a stairway climbing to the Chapel of Calvary, or Golgotha, believed to be the site of Jesus' crucifixion and the most lavishly decorated part of the church.

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  • Church of the Holy Sepulchre

    by oshatz Updated Nov 10, 2004

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    Inside the tomb

    The Church or the Holy Sepulchre is the most important Christian site in Israel. It was first built by Emperor Constantine I in the year 333AD, but today's structure is from the age of the crusaders.

    The church contains some of the last stations in Christ's journey to his crucifixion.

    This is a must for every traveller reaching Jerusalem.

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    Resting Stone

    by freya_heaven Updated Jun 21, 2004

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    Resting Stone

    Much of what was said in the Crucifixion Tip relates to this one.

    This photo was taken again, in the Holy Sepulchre & it is thought to be where Jesus was laid when he was taken off the Cross

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    Coptic Patriarchate Part of The Church

    by machomikemd Updated Oct 15, 2013
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    The Huge Church of the Holy Sepulchre is divided into several sections for different Christian Sects and one of them is located at the Ninth Station of the Cross which is the Headquarters of the Coptic Patriarchate of Egypt, which extends to one of the roofs of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, The Coptic Church Descended from St. Mark the Apostle who went to egypt to evangelize and founded the Church in the 1rst Century AD. The compound at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher houses the seat of the Coptic Archbishop and three churches, Beneath the compound are rooms dating from the Middle Ages and a large water cistern from the Byzantine period. The Copts have a chapel in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and several other buildings in the Christian Quarter.st important one of which is the Church of St. Antonius dating from the 3rd century. ( I will have tips on the Coptic Churches in Egypt at my Cairo Pages).

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    Christianity's Most Sacred Site (1)

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
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    We all know that Christianity's Most Sacred Site is the Church of The Holy Sepulchre as this huge church complex is the biblical site of the Crucifixion, Death, Burial and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Many Christian Denominations have their Popes, Patriarchs, Bishops, Metropolitan Heads and more, but all of them bow to the Magnificence of the Church as this is the most holy site in Christianity. The Church has a long history of conquest, rivalries,mfights and more during it's more than 1700 years of existence as it was renovated multiple times since Saint Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine, the first Roman Christian Emperor, made a pilgrimage to the holy land and found fragments of the true cross among the stone foundry ruins in the old walls of Jerusalem in 330 AD and she identified the site as Calvary (Golgotha). The most prominent attractions inside are the Aedicule (the burial place of Jesus hence the Holy Sepulchre), the Crucifixion Site, the stone of unction, the Jesus Prison, the Catholicon and more and are spread around the Different Christian Denomination Areas of the Church of which the Greek Orthodox Church has the Lions Share.

    The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located in Jerusalem, between Suq Khan e-Zeit and Christian Quarter Rd. . The Church is open daily from 05:00 AM to 8:00 PM in the summer (April to September) and from 05:00 AM to 7:00 PM from October to March.

    Admission to the site of the Holy Sepulchre is free!

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    Christianity's Most Sacred Site (2)

    by machomikemd Written Oct 15, 2013
    the holy sepulchre (jesus burial)
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    Part two of my tips with more pictures.

    We all know that Christianity's Most Sacred Site is the Church of The Holy Sepulchre as this huge church complex is the biblical site of the Crucifixion, Death, Burial and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Many Christian Denominations have their Popes, Patriarchs, Bishops, Metropolitan Heads and more, but all of them bow to the Magnificence of the Church as this is the most holy site in Christianity. The Church has a long history of conquest, rivalries,mfights and more during it's more than 1700 years of existence as it was renovated multiple times since Saint Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine, the first Roman Christian Emperor, made a pilgrimage to the holy land and found fragments of the true cross among the stone foundry ruins in the old walls of Jerusalem in 330 AD and she identified the site as Calvary (Golgotha). The most prominent attractions inside are the Aedicule (the burial place of Jesus hence the Holy Sepulchre), the Crucifixion Site, the stone of unction, the Jesus Prison, the Catholicon and more and are spread around the Different Christian Denomination Areas of the Church of which the Greek Orthodox Church has the Lions Share.

    The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located in Jerusalem, between Suq Khan e-Zeit and Christian Quarter Rd. . The Church is open daily from 05:00 AM to 8:00 PM in the summer (April to September) and from 05:00 AM to 7:00 PM from October to March.

    Admission to the site of the Holy Sepulchre is free!

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