the 14th Station of the Cross and the final and most important location in Christianity is located in the Center of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Main Greek Orthodox Basilica Part of the Complex, the AEDICULE. The Aedicule is located in a small rotunda in the Central Part of the Church and since we were at Jerusalem during Orthodox Holy Week, it took nearly 2 hours to go into the Aediucle and only 5 seconds to touch, wipe your handkerchief and take picture and videos of the biblical Burial Site of Jesus Christ inside the Aedicule. The aedicule consists of two chambers, the Bigger Chapel of the Angel and the very small chamber with a granite stone adorned with incense and flowers and religious items, which is the spot of the Burial Site of Jesus.
Station 13 of the via Dolorosa lies just after the Main Entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Stone of Anointing. After going down the steep flight of stairs from the second floor where the 12th and 13th stations are located, the 13th Station is at the Stone of Anoinint (unction) where there are lots of pilgrims who pray, kiss and wipe their handkerchiefs and shawls at the stone of Anointing. Above the Stone are different lamps with assorted incensce representing the different Christian Denominations Present at the Holy Sepulchre Church. According to tradition, the body of Jesus was laid on this stone after removed from the cross. As per John 19: 40: "Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury".
the 12th station of the cross in Via Dolorosa is located just beside the 11th station on the flight of stairs going to the second floor. The Greek Orthodox Calvary where the biblical Rock of Golgotha is located beside the franciscan altar. The Greek Calvary has a crucifixion altar and in front of the altar is a small silver disk with a central hole, with a small granite roof table which marks the exact spot where the Cross where Jesus was crucified Stood. Christian Pilgrims like us kneel at the exact spot under the granite roof tabel and the greek orthodox monks only allow a few seconds per pilgrim to touch the spot and take pictures.
the 11th to 14th stations lies inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, lying just a few meters waya from each other. The 11th Station where Jesus Christ was Crucified and the Biblical Location of Golgotha or Skull Hill is located at the right side of the Church just after entering the main entrance, along a steep flight of stairs going atop the second floor (Biblical Golgotha) into the Franciscan Altar depicting the Nailing of the Cross and nearby Station 12. The Evangelical Christians and Some Mainline Protestant Churches have a different site for the Biblical Golgotha, located far from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
it was packed full of people as we were there during the Orthodox Holy week, which follows the older Julian Calendar (1 month after the Roman Catholic Holy week, which follows the mordern Gregorian Calendar). Our Catholic Holy week in 2013 started from March 24 to 31, 2013 and theirs were on April 28 to May 5, 2013.
again the Stations from 10 to 14 is located in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre Complex. The 10th station where Jesus is stripped of his clothes is located near the main entrance to the Church at the Right Side is a small Chapel with steep stairs and a closed door, which is called the Chapel of the Franks, the chapel is always closed but you can pray at the stairs and even have your group picture taken like us.
the Ninth Station is located a stone's throw away from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where Stations 10-14 of the Via Dolorosa is located. The Marker of the Ninth Station is at the Entrance of the Coptic Patriarchate in Jerusalem, beside the Wall of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Located just a few meters at the End of the Souk Khan Al Ziet and up 28 steps leads to the Station and The station is marked by a cross on an ancient roman pillar where Jesus Fells for the Third Time. There is also an access route at the Stairs of the Coptic Church going to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. (I will have separate tips on the Coptic Church).
the eighth Station of the Cross lies just a few meters from the Seventh Station, again at the busy Souk of Khal Al Zeit (oil market) and lies across the market street and up the steps of Aqabat al-Khanqah, opposite the Station VIII Souvenir Bazaar of the Souk. A stone with a monogram, embedded into the wall, marks the Eight Station ("IC-XC NI-KA", means: Jesus Christ conquers). The Marker is on the wall of the Greek Orthodox Monastery of St. Charalambos mark the place where Jesus consoled the lamenting women of Jerusalem (Lk 23:27-31). The Station lies near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
the Seventh Station of the Cross is located in a busy Souk in the Muslim Quarter, called Souq Khan al-Zeit, which is part of the remains of the Cardo Maximus of Jerusalem and the street facing the Station can Be Crowded. The 7th Station marker is located inside the Franciscan Chapel which is closed and you can only pray outside at the marker. The station marks where Jesus falls for the second time and also marks the place where Jesus passed through the Gate of Judgment, along the streets of Jerusalem. Again, the 7th station is located along Via Dolorosa intersecting with Khan al-Zeit (the Oil Market).
Station 6 of the Via Dolorosa is going uphill along the souks of the Old City and the Marker is located in a busy souk and there is a wooden door above the marker. This station is near the Ruins of the Cardo Maximus of Jerusalem and beside the busy souk of one of the cardo maximum's pillars. This is where St. Veronica wiped Jesus' face with her handkerchief, leaving an image of his face imprinted on the cloth. The relic, known as the Sudarium or Veronica, is kept at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Veronica's name may derive from the Latin vera icon, "true image."
the fifth station is located still along the Via Dolorsa and another corner of El Wad Road, about 50 meters away from Station 4 in the Polish Catholic Church, there is a Small Franciscan Chapel in the Fifth Station Marker that commemorates Simon of Cyrene, who was forced by Roman soldiers to help Jesus carry this cross (Mt 27:32; Mk 15:21; Lk 23:26). after the station, the next stations are located more uphill along the old city. You can pray inside or outside of the church as there are many pilgrims jockeying for position inside.
the third and fourth station lies Nearby and in fact, the sign for the III and IV stations are within a few feet from each other in the Polish Catholic Church in El Wad Street. The IV station is located at the Gate to the entrance to the Main Polish Catholic Church (which our group visited and prayed) but there is an alternate IV station site just a short walk along the el wad street in front of the Armenian Catholic Church of our Lady of the Spasm, built in 1881 which is the IV station visited by other Pilgrims.
the third station of the Cross lies along the Intersection of Via Dolorosa Street and El Wad Street and a small chapel at the outside of the Polish Catholic Church Complex, the Chapel was built by the Armenian Catholic Church (Eastern Rite Church in Communion with Rome, different from the Armenian Apostolic Church) in the 15th century. The actual site of Jesus Falling is inside the Polish Catholic Church crypt inside but most pilgrims pray at the chapel outside. The chapel has a depiction of Jesus falling down with angels watching and praying around him. The fourth Station lies inside the Polish Catholic Church.
This will by my Via Dolorosa Station 2 tips and Church of the Comdemnation Tips, as the station is located inside the Church. I will have separate tips and pictures for the Church of the Flagellation.
Station 1 and 2 lie just a few feet from each other, while station 1 is across the narrow street fronting the Church of Flagellation, Station 2 is inside the Church of the Condemnation (the bigger of the two churches) which lies side by side in the Big Franciscan Convent of the Flagellation. The station is where Jesus Christ Recieves the wooden cross he would carry to the Biblical Golgotha (skull hill) located traditionally inside the Church of the Holy Sephulchre.
The Station 1 of the Via Dolorosa is just across the street from the front of the entrance to the Church of the Flagellation (the street is narrow) along the Muslim Quarter. the station is at the Present Al-Omariya School. this is part of the Ruins of the Antonia Fortress during the roman times and is the site of the Preatorium where Jesus Was Condemned to Death and scourged. you can see the exact place by following it on your via dolorosa map provided by your tour guide or bought from hawkers.
Via Dolorosa in latin means the way of suffering, the Via Dolorosa is the Stations of the Cross and is also known as the Via Crucis. It is revered in almost all Christian Denominations as the route which Jesus carried the cross from the Praetorium (which is roughly near the Lions Gate), where he was condemned to Golgotha or Calvary, with the addition of the Unction Stone and tomb. It comprises 14 stations of which The last four are inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The way is about 600 meters (2,000 feet) starting in the Ummariya Elementary School in Lion's Gate Road in the muslim quarter which is the site of the pretorium and then to the first and second station at the church of the flagellation. Most Christian Pilgrims have a tour guide to help them around the stations, if you are not part of the tour group, you can buy the Via Dolorosa Maps at hawkers and stores around the Old City for NIS 4.