CHURCH OF THE CONDEMNATION AND IMPOSITION OF THE CROSS.
Catholic - Franciscan Order
Located within the Franciscan Compound:
Second Station: Jesus takes up the Cross.
The two chapels of the Condemnation and Flagellation - stand partially over the Lithostrotos(Greek for "The Stone Pavement"), on which Pilate had set up his judgment seatr for the condemnation of Jesus, and from which Jesus then took up his cross.
The sanctuary gets its title because of the large flagstones in the pavement, which continues on through the wall into the adjoining property of the Sisters of Sion (Ecce Homo Convent).
On the inside of the chapel the huge stones of the Roman pavement of the 2nd century era are partially striated and carved in with some games of the soldiers. These games are clearly seen in the pavement of the Ecce Homo Convent next door.
The Via Dolorosa is the road supposed to be the way Jesus walked on his way to the crusifixion. The road leads from St Stephans Gate (Lions Gate) in the eastern part of the Old City towards the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Historians believe that the actual road must have been somewhere from the Citadel, along David Street towards the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
This church is at the edge of the old city, right next to the Lions Gate. According to tradition, this is where Marry the virgin was born. If you down to the crypt you will see hundreds of pieces of paper with prayers and requests from pilgrims, coming here to heal.
Outside of the church there is a lovely court leading you to Bethesda.
This is where the Via Dolorosa starts, the first station. There are two churches here and a beautiful inner court. This is where Jesus was qustioned by Pilate and then the Roman soldiers crowned him with the thorn crown. Every Friday a traditional procession starts here following Jesus last journey.
Tradition considers this path in the old city to be the "Way of the Cross". There are several stations of the cross along the way, which symbolize an event of Christ's path to the crucifixion and burial site. The first station is in the east part of the old city where it is believed that Pilate said "Behold the man!" From here, the path goes through the old city, making a couple of turns, and ends up at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. No one is precisely sure what path Christ did take, however most people trace this path as the tradition. You will find markets in this area, some Roman architecture such as aqueducts, and some shrines. It is a very interesting walk.
The Via Dolorosa starts at St. Stephen's Gate and wanders through the Muslim Quarter and into the Christian Quarter where it ends at the Holy Sepulcher. The Via Dolorosa is a walk of faith, rather than of history.
Station I - Jesus is condemned.
The Monastery of the Flagellation.
Station II - Jesus takes up His cross.
Near the Arch of Ecce Homo.
Station III - Jesus falls for the first time.
Small chapel belonging to the Armenian Catholic Church.
Station IV - Jesus meets His mother.
Small oratory with an exquisite lunette over the entrance, adorned by a bas-relief .
Station V - Jesus is helped by Simon of Cyrene. An inscription on the architrave of one door.
Station VI - Veronica wipes Jesus' face
Column of the Roman period at the entrance to the Coptic Monastery.
Station VII - Jesus falls for the second time.
Pillar which rises at the crossroads between the Via Dolorosa and Market Street.
Station VIII - Jesus consoles the women of Jerusalem. On the outer wall of a Greek Orthodox monastery is carved a small, Latin cross blackened by time. Around it are the Greek letters, meaning "Jesus Christ conquers." It was at that point that Jesus met the pious women"
Station IX - Jesus falls for the third time.
A column of the Roman period at the entrance to the Coptic Monastery.
Station X - Jesus is stripped of His clothes
Inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, located in the right nave on Calvary.
Station XI - Jesus is nailed to the cross.
At the altar in the right nave on Calvary Station
XII - Jesus dies.
The Greek altar in the left nave on Calvary.
Station XIII - Jesus, descended from the cross.
Found at the altar of Stabat Mater between the two proceeding altars.
Station XIV - Jesus is placed in the tomb.
Found in the aedicule of the Holy Sepulchre.
The Via Dolorosa is a narrow street in the Muslim Quarter and it is believed that it is the route of Christ to the place he was crucified. There are 14 stops during the route ( stations of the Cross). Each stop has a particular meaning.
Christ is condemned to death.
He takes up the Cross.
He falls for the first time because of the weight of the Cross.
Jesus meets his mother.
Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus carry the Cross.
Veronica wipes His sweat away.
He falls for the second time.
He consoles the women of the city.
He falls for the third time
10th- 13th Stations
He is nailed to the Cross, He dies and He is taken down from the Cross.
The Holy Sepulchre.
Walk along the stations of the cross.
This is the ultimate pilgrimage act for most Christians. A bit of the path is inaccurate, as the roads have changed over the centuries (some blocked off, some new).
Maybe the most famous street in the old city is Via Dolorosa. Thousands of pilgrims come here and follow Jesus' road. Stopping in the different stops along the path, which are marked on the wall.
According to Christian tradition this is area where Jesus was flogged before his trip down the Via Dolorosa.