Descending into a small underground opening, you can hardly imagine what lies underneath. The path leads you to a string of interconnected limestone bell-shaped man-made caves, dating to the Byzantine Period.
What was their purpose originally? It seems that they first served as quarries. A small hole was dug in the hard rocky surface, revealing the underlying soft limestone. It was easy to enlarge the hole in the soft limestone layer, and thus create a bell-shaped cave with a small opening in the center of its ceiling. Religious ceremonies were also performed in these caves, but their main use was as colombaria, with many small niches carved in the walls for pigeons. These colombaria can be seen at different heights from the present-time floor, attesting to the further development and digging which took place here over several centuries/
In the farthest cave there is a mysterious large standing stone, which looks like it was brought in from outside. I can imagine it was used for worship at some point in time. It reminded me of the mysterious stone in Kubrik's "2001 - Space Odyssey".
The caves are not part of any archaeological park, and can be visited for free any time.
This warning should not be taken lightly.
The Luzit area is strewn with holes, covered by vegetation, which can be 20-30 meters deep. People have fallen down these holes and died. A few years ago a local guide, who knew the area well, went looking for an object lost by one of the people in his group, fell into a hole and perished.
When you hike around Luzit please stay on the paths.