You will find the burial caves close to the Southern Villa, but still with a detour from the way down to the parking. But still I recommend to take those meters as you will see an interesting cave with graves. The cave dates back to the third century and contains more than 20 burial niches.
At a point that you have already finished your visit to Avedat in your mind you will pass the Upper Villa which invites for another photo stop with its arch and the view into the far distance. Also it is kind of impressive to know that the fields in the valley that you can see from here have been used for more than two thousand years.
It is a great and massive lookout before leaving the town towards the street that leads down to the car park. The Roman Tower can be dated back to the year 294. You will have a great view over the Byzantine Quarter towards the City Fortress.
Five wine presses were found in town. You can see one which seems to be restored as it is well in shape. Wine making was flourishing in Avedat during the Byzantine periode.
The grapes were crushed in the structure of the main photo and then the juice ran through a channel into the round collector on photo 2. From here the juice was taken and stored in caves for fermentation into wine.
On your direct way to the top of the hill in the Avedat National Park you will have to walk through the City of Caves. Here many houses were built over or in front of caves which date back to the Byzantine Periode. Some of them you can go or look inside.
This structure is very interesting as it consits of a Byzantine House and a large cave behind it. The house has a courtyard, storages, toilet and wine themed carvings. Have a look for the carved bull and the cross in the cave.
The bath in Avedat was very interesting to me, it originates from the Byzantine periode. The bathhouse is well preserved and gives you a great insight into the bath culture of former times. Here you can see how the heating system has worked.
Isa and I went to visit this Nabatean city of Avdat and one of the places that we went to was the lower living area, just below the palace on the western slope. Entering an underground complex of short tunnels just adjacent to the outside rooms with these wonderful arches, we found a locked room. Looking inside it appeared to be almost empty, but then Isa told me to take a good look toward the far doorway leading out of the back of the room......and yes, sure enough it appeared to be a storeroom for large ancient jars found on the site in perfect condtion.
This is the main pool as seen from the upper waterfall from a height of about 15 meters or so. From here you get a good idea of both the quantity of water, or rather its lack (the "stream" is actually only a trickle. You have a minimum of water from the Ein Ma'arif spring that feeds the stream along with Ein Avdat spring. The second and third pictures show the waterfall as you approach it from the entrance. The last shows the water of the pool itself and the moss that grows around this desert water source.
This is the main waterfall and an upper secondary one at top, at the bottom you can see the pool that has formed in the bare rock. Sorry here in the national park there no swimming. It would disturb the creatures, such as frogs and dragonflies that live there.
Keep your eyes open for the local wildlife. A lot of animals come here to drink the water. The ibexes are the most visible ones. But, there are more animals to see here, like the cute fat sand rat.
Ein Avdat is located in the middle of a dry desert. It's hard to imagine how it looks like when you still up there seeing only dry sand as far as the eye can see. So, just enjoy the coolness of the water, you'll miss it one you're up and of og the wadi...
The visitors center, where the Spice Route is brought to life.
Other places of interest in the vicinity:
Mizpe Ramon Visitors Center, Makhtesh Ramon, Bio-Ramon, alpaca farm; Prime Minister Ben-Gurion's desert home, and where he is buried (nearby), Hawwarim Cistern, Nahal Hawwarim
Whilst on a trip to the Negev recently we visited Avdat (not the name given on VT), although I've been there before, it is still a very interesting place to visit and was once on an anxient spice route. (See my travelogue for more pictures).
The Ibex, or deer, are very common and is a species of goat actually. They do need to drink so we can sometimes find them near the streams in the desert, but it is fairly uncommon to see females (does), or babies (kids), usually you only see the mature males (bucks). You can often see them leaping around on the cliffs as you stand transfixed, just waiting for them to fall, which I have never seen them do, even after more than 25 years of watching. The most impressive are the old males with their recurving horns that can sometimes reach from their heads in a curve to reach their backs.