Citadel, Amman

4.5 out of 5 stars 28 Reviews

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  • Citadel
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  • Citadel
    by machomikemd
  • Citadel
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  • Cristian_Uluru's Profile Photo

    The Citadel

    by Cristian_Uluru Written May 29, 2005

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    The first things that you can see in Amman is the Citadel. It is locate on gebel al-Qalah and all around it you can see the roman walls and the Arabian ones. There is a great nice temple (Temple of Hercules), a Byzantine Church, an Umayyad Palace Complex and a very nice museum.

    Amman as seen from Citadel
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    • Architecture
    • Archeology
    • Historical Travel

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  • TheWanderingCamel's Profile Photo

    The view from the top

    by TheWanderingCamel Updated May 4, 2005

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    Little remains of ancient Philadelphia (the Greek name for the city that is now Amman) but a visit to the citadel gives some clues to the long history of this place as well as providing an excellent all round view of the modern city on its many hills.

    The most substantial ruin is the most recent - the qasr, once part of a much larger 8th century Omayyad palace, the remnants of which lie all around.

    Moving back in time to the 6th or 7th century, there is a small Byzantine basilica lying close to the museum

    Walk to the south and you will come to some Roman columns and a short section of wall -the restored scraps of the 2nd century AD Temple of Hercules.

    Look to the south-east and there is an excellent view of the Roman theatre and its surrounding buildings, to the south-west a huge Jordanian flag flies over the city, and all around the white stone buildings of the city cover the hillsides.

    The citadel opens at 10am

    leyle

    Qasr and flag - the old and the new
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  • Djinn76's Profile Photo

    Jabal Al-Qala’a

    by Djinn76 Updated Dec 27, 2004

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    The site of Amman, ancient Rabbath Beni ‘Ammon, was occupied from as early as 8500-5500BC (pre-pottery neolithic).
    Settlements in the subsequent periods were revealed mainly on the citadel. This is a natural hill of 840m.
    After the annexation of the Nabataean kingdom by Trajan in 106 and the building of the Via Nova Tralana, Amman/ Philadelphia prospered being situated along this Roman road between Damascus and the Red Sea. In the Antonine period, in the 2nd century AD, Amman experienced reorganization as an urban centre based on a Greco-roman city plan, complete with an acropolis, temples and a lower city.

    The picture has been taken from the Jabal Weibdeh, one of the other 7 mounts on which Amman has been built.

    Related to:
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Archeology
    • Architecture

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  • Djinn76's Profile Photo

    Still excavating...

    by Djinn76 Written Dec 27, 2004

    As in most of the Jordanian ancient sites, less than 50 percent have been discovered.
    When I visited the citadel, my guide told me a colored mosaic had recently been discovered by the archeologists but had been covered by sand to protect it.

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    Spanish Help

    by Djinn76 Written Dec 27, 2004

    Spanish are pretty much involved in the renovation of this site. Indeed they have a pretty good knowledge of the Umayyad architecture.
    Even if the Ummayyad buildings we can find in Spain are more recent, Spanish have developed a pretty good expertise in this area.

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  • freya_heaven's Profile Photo

    Amman Citadel

    by freya_heaven Updated Mar 3, 2004

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    Ammans Citadel stands on one of Ammans seven hills Jebel al-Qala'a.

    Unfortunately much of the citadel has long gone, but there are still plently of Ruins for you to wander around in where you can see evidence of Islamic, Byzantine and of course Roman construction.

    The Citadel is also a great viewing point to get you barings in Amman and over the Roman Theatre

    Amman and Hilltop Citadel
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  • magiccarpet's Profile Photo

    The citadel

    by magiccarpet Written Feb 3, 2004

    Whether it was a pre roman temple, a greek acropolis, a roman fortification, or an islamic palace complex u will find it at the site in downtown amman.
    up on the top of a mountain in commands views of old and new amman and its a definate must see.

    Temple
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    • Museum Visits
    • Archeology

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  • call_me_rhia's Profile Photo

    the citadel

    by call_me_rhia Written Nov 10, 2002

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Another roman sight of Amman lies on Citadel Hill. From there, provided you get a sunny day (not my case) you would have wonderful view across Old City and over the Roman amphitheater. In the distance, right in front of you, theorethically, you should also be able to see the black and white Abu Darwish mosque on top of Jebel Ashrafiah.
    What you could see, in every weather, are the ruins of the Temple of Hercules, the remains of the Roman walls and part of an Omayyad castle. There's also a small archaeological Museum.

    ruins of the temple of hercules

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  • stevemt's Profile Photo

    Amman Fortress

    by stevemt Written Jun 18, 2010

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    This is a must look at while in Amman

    It is accessible by walking, but a cab is probably easier for most people

    There is an entrance fee, minimal.

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    • Historical Travel
    • Archeology

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  • Cristian_Uluru's Profile Photo

    Citadel: landscape over Amman

    by Cristian_Uluru Updated May 29, 2005

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    Near the Temple of Hercules there is a great terrace that offer to you the opportunity to see a great view over Amman. You can see the Roman Theatre, the Odeon, the Hashemite Square and the old foro.

    The Roman Theatre and the Hashemiti Square
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  • Djinn76's Profile Photo

    Cardo Maximo

    by Djinn76 Written Dec 27, 2004

    That was originally one of the main roman streets crossing the city.
    It has later been recycled in the Ummayyad Qasr as the way leading to the therms

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    • Archeology
    • Architecture
    • Historical Travel

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    Water reservoir

    by Djinn76 Written Dec 27, 2004

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    Water has always been a scarce ressource in the area.
    This huge reservoir was built during the Umayyad period to collect the rain water.
    A huge pillar was standing in the middle to measure the level.

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    • Architecture
    • Historical Travel
    • Archeology

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  • SueRivet's Profile Photo

    Amphitheater at the citadel.

    by SueRivet Updated Aug 25, 2002

    Excellent views from the top, assuming you don't have a problem with vertigo. Not to be outdone by Assad's visage omnipresent in Syria, King Hussein's image graces the front of the stage.

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