Along the long and winding siq are assorted carvings of the Nabatean Gods. these carvings are located at several places and your friendly tour guide will gladly tell you the history and the names of these Nabatean Pre Islamic Gods. While the Nabataeans did not accord their gods with physical representations and include them in their art forms, they did enjoy art in a number of other forms: tomb facades, painted pottery, oil lamps, coins, and jewelry.
In early Nabataean history, the Nabataeans had gods with Arabic names. Some of these were the following: Al Qaum - the warrior god who guards the caravans; Al Kutbay - the god of learning, commerce, writing, and divination; Allat - the goddess of spring and fertility; Al Uzza - the powerful; Manawat - the god of destiny or fate; Dushara- lord of the mountains.
The Nabateans, being masters of water related architecture, build water channels that starts at the moses spring in wadi musa and goes into a large dam and assorted underground and above ground tunnels and mini aquaducts that are carved in the hard rock of petra.The large dam is located just before the entrance to the Siq and in 1964, it was renovated by the Jordanian government. in the same way originally built by the Nabataens. This dam was built to protect their capital from floods that arrived during the seasonal rain from the mountains and hills across the valley.
The dam protected the city of Petra by redirecting the flood waters into a tunnel, which was later titled the ‘Dark Tunnel’. Proving to be successful, the dam thus represented the Natabataean’s skillful and modern infrastructure. During the excavation, it was found that the original name of the old city was Raqeem. However, upon their arrival, the Greeks renamed the city ‘Petra,’ meaning the rock
Although There are many kinds of tombs in Petra, like the Obelisk Tomb, the Royal Tomb, Tomb of the Roman Soldier, the Urn Tomb, etc, the common tombs for nabatean commoners can be found around Petra and Along the Bab Al Siq and the Siq and the Street of Facades are assorted common tombs that are used by ordinary nabateans.
according to wikipedia:
Nabataean tombs are primarily "Rock-Cut tombs." They are created from cutting directly into the landscape, traditionally rock (see Rock-cut tombs in Israel). Rock-cut tombs are the most frequently found within excavated Nabataean archeological sites. There have been nearly 900 rock-cut tombs found in Petra and Hegra. Nabataean tombs are a fusion Hellenistic and Roman styles as well as a gradual creation of the Nabataean style. Some offer features of clear Greek influence, such as pediments, metope and triglyph entablatrures, and capitals. They were built to honor Gods and leaders as well as house generations of a specific family. Tombs are located normally inside the city. These tombs are simple in style but elaborated in function, often featuring steps, platforms, libation holes, cisterns, water channels and sometimes banqueting halls. Many feature numerous religious icons, inscriptions, and sanctuaries found in association with springs, catchment pools, and channels.
Crenelated Tombs (see crenelation) are popular within Nabataean architecture. There are several variations of crenelation, wavering in number of tiers. Crenelated tombs were created in order to represent fortifications, creating a symbol of cities, strength, military power. Later, under Achaemenid Persians, the fortification context was removed, giving a greater scope to a sign of kingship and authority
Several tombs feature obelisks on their exterior. Obelisks are a narrow tapering monument, often used to represent the Nephesh, specific leaders, and Gods of monolithic societies. They are often found in Near Eastern and Egyptian architecture.
Tombs with detailed facades are also quite popular in the Nabataean community. There are a total of eight different façade types: Single Pylon, Double Pylon, Step, Proto-Hegr, Hegr, Arch, Simple Classical and Complex Classical. Single Pylon, Double Pylon, Step, Proto-Hegr, and Hegr are characterized by variations on the crowstep motif, combined with elements from classical architecture. Arch, Simple Classical, and Complex Classical have only classical motifs, which have been given Nabataean interpretation.
the Bab Al Siq is the starting point of a Petra Tour. This is the flat trail that goes around from the ticket booth of Petra National Monument and criss crosses the rock hills up to the entrance to the Siq, at about a 600 meter (about roughly 1/3 mile) walk. the path is marked by the Djin blocks and the Obelisk Tomb and it ends after the Petra Dam and Tunnel, at the Entrance to the Siq. This is also where you can have the free horse ride to and from the entrance to the siq, you just show your petra tickets to the horse guide and give him a tip of JD 1 to 3 either way.
Wadi Musa Town was just a small settlement then but since petra was discovered in the 18th century, it grew rapildy and is now a like a small city. Wadi Musa has lots of commercial establishments such as hotels of every type, inns, backpacker places, restaurants, shops, souk, supermarket, bars. All main roads to Petra meet just above the Moses Well (Ain Musa), which is a spring well in the hills at the top (eastern) end of Wadi Musa which is marked by a small triple-domed building sheltering a rock From here, the whole of the town is strung out for 4km along a main road which heads downhill all the way, offering spectacular views out over the craggy mountains and eventually terminating at the ticket gate into Petra. In between are the assorted commercial establishments that cater to tourists, which is the main income of the town.
*****Way of to the summit of the Petra Mountain is a path where the Nabataeans curved out their most sacred open-air Altar where they performed ritual killings of animals as offer to their Gods. Before you can see this Altar you have to climb about 800 steps. You must be sport-minded. Please bring enough supply of water to drink esp. on summer. It is windy when you are at the top. Good hiking shoes is not bad. The way to it starts just close where the Amphitheater is. On the way up you will see two Obelisks carved by the Nabateaen to dedicate their two main goddesses: al- Uzza, the goddess of water and fertility and Dushara, the god of strength. When you are at the top of it you have the overview of the Wadi Rum which became more famous after the film Lawrence of Arabia.******
The Nabataeans established the site 1500 years ago, carved their homes out of the red rock. Forget horses, camels and jeeps, walk in by foot and gaze in awe at the high canyon walls as you approach the Treasury. Spend two days here exploring the Monestary, the High Place, the Hadrien Gate, the Church, the Temple, Uneishu tomb and Obelisks tomb. Bring plenty of water with you as it can get realm hot there.
I would always advise where possible to make the walk into Petra yourself..not only will you see more and have a better experience you will have saved the poor beasts at least something that day..and if you go past too fast in the horse drawn carriages you miss a lot of photo opportunities... you dont want to miss the rose in the desert for instance.
Dont be pressured into buying things off the hawkers and sellers at the start because you dont want to carry any extra weight about with you ...simply tell then you will buy in the way back if you see something you like....all we bought was extra water!
seek out the shade where you can
This is a great place to have a float in the dead sea and a swim in one of the two pools. You can mix with the locals here as most of the people are locals. There is change rooms, toilets, lockers, freshwater showers, sun umbrellas clean beach. For ladies you may wish to cover up should you wish, but no one seemed to mind if you only swim in your Bikini. You can hire an argilee here and smoke by the pool, has shop with the usual poolside munchies - chips, ice cream and drinks. There is also a souvineir shop. Great for everyone including the kids.
Cost was JD10 for foreigners and JOD5 for locals. Open from 8am to midnight.
I was traveling in Israel and I really wanted to see Petra because I had heard so much about it and of course, it is a World Wonder. I contacted wandertracetours and they organized a trip for me and my boyfriend. The tour went very smoothly since we met our driver on the border until our return. Petra was amazing!! We took a horse ride from the main entrance down to the beginning of the Siq, and then walked through this beautiful narrow canyon until we reached the Treasury, which I'm sure is one of the most incredible sights in the world. We spent a couple of hours checking out the theater and all the monuments and tombs along the main street and then rode donkeys down to the Monastery. We spent some time looking through the bazaars on the way back and got a few souvenirs. I would recommend anyone traveling in the area, do not miss the opportunity to see this- it is truly unique.
Beida means white in Arabic, the area got this name from the white rock around it, it is around 10 Km. to the north of Petra. Little Petra was inhabited by the Nabataeans and has lots of tombs, water containers and channels, it has a small path that leads to some of the inside area, Siq al Bared, the scale of this area and the fact that it is a continuation of Petra gave it the name of Little Petra.
Eentrance is free of charge, and it closes at 5:00 p.m. In one of the houses carved in the mountain their are the remains of a fresco, you can still see the leaves and birds painted on plaster covering the cieling of the room, the room is easy to find, its on the left side and has cement stairs leading to it. A ten munites walk from the entrance, between the fields that are still cultivated, is the Neolithic settlement of Beida that is one of the first in human history, it has some houses built from stone in a shape of a circle, before humans figured out that a square house is more practical. Close to the area is a Bedouin camp with a small Bedouin museum. For more information feel free to contact me email@example.com
What was orignally named by the early archaeologists "the Lower Market" has been excavated and turned out to be a large pool, surrounded by a colonnade with benches and plants. There was an island in the middle of this pool, with a building on it. It might have been a sort of public park, a quiet spot near to the markets, or it might have been an annexe of the Great Temple and perhaps reserved for the priests.
This reconstruction was drawn by Chrysanthos Kanellopoulos who has done a great deal of work with ACOR and with archaeologists in Petra.
Posted by Lulu
You can also go and visit the desert in this area, there are many canyons and interesting places & sites around but don't go on your own, you might get lost so be sure you have a guide and you know where you are going.
You can spend all your day hanging around in this desert site, further up I notice this windows that been curved into the rock by years of water and winds. As well as other interesting sites in the high places.
You walk down from the entry gate through the canyon and observe the beautiful colourful walls, as you get progress the canyon get deeper, narrower and the walls are getting higher. Few interesting images are attached here.
I was moved to this hotel in Wadi Musa, after the hotel I booked did not have a room available. The...more
The Amra palace hotel is a nice tourist hotel with many nice touches to it. The rooms are pleasant...more
It's right next to the Petra entrance. Clean place at a decent price and next to the very pricey...more