I liked 2 listen how school was introduced 2 Saudi Arabia & when women officially were given the right to education. Sixty yrs ago,only boys,against housekeeper girls,used 2 attend group studies called Halaqa or circle. A group of 10 or so formed a circle 2 learn reading, writing & math. This was called Katateeb or informal school.
Queen Effat,a wife of King Faisal,introduced the 1st girl school in Jeddah. She was born to a Saudi prince & a Turkish mother,grew up in Turkey & spoke Arabic w/ a Turkish accent. She went w/ her parents to Saudi 2 settle down. Grew up in an ottoman-like environment,she wanted Saudi women have what she had of edu. Discussing this 'unusual' topic w/Kg Faisal,she managed 2 get him approve the establishment of the 1st school in Jeddah in 1945,known until now as Dar al Hanan(the House of Compassion). The school started her 2 daughters among 4 girls. 2day its a leading school known 4 its French & Music classes as a sign of liberation. Later,the gov’t established schools,provided buses to transfer the girls,& imported overseas teachers. This *taboo* shift had caused a serious reaction from the public who either prevented their daughters from edu,or shot the bus drivers dead. This made Kg Faisal announce, schools will remain open despite they may remain ‘empty’. I was told,armored vehicles used 2 transfer schoolgirls due 2 the bloodshed caused in small towns.
Why Jeddah?Since ever,known 4 its cultural diversity,religious openness 2 receiving international pilgrims,opposed 2 the rest of Saudi w/c was mostly occupied by closed tribalism. 2day,Jeddah hosts KAAU as a home 4 more than 25,000 students.
Interesting,Effat called a qn 4 what she had achieved as there is no such title given to a woman princess even if married to a Kg. She passed away 3 yrs ago,enough 2 see her vision come true;the 1st to establish a girls school & the 1st private girls college,named after her Effat College. Thank u Effat,proud to be 1 of ur grads:^)
With the passage of one hundred years on this building and with the rapid development process, Jeddah now has more than 1700 schools including male and female schools of all educational levels with an approximate total number of half million students. These educational institutions proudly contain modern facilities and proficient Saudi staff thus elevating the pedagogic and educational standards in a bid to bring up cultured generations, capable of contributing to the advancement of this dear homeland.
This school was established in 1320 H (1905 AD) and was the only school in Jeddah. The word "AL-Falah" was adopted from the daily "Athan", (the repeated five times a day call to prayers in Islam) which says, among other things, "Haya Ala Assalah - Haya Ala AL-Falah" ("Come forth to prayers, come forth to success").
The Name of AL-Falah
As Haj Mohammad Ali Zeinel was very keen on upgrading the standards of the students of religious and worldly sciences. His aim was to make their start bear a strong Islamic touch. Therefore he selected the name "AL-Falah", which means success, for the first school coming into being in the country
The Foundation of AL Falah School in Jeddah
Sheik Muhammad Ali Zeinel thought of establishing AL Falah School in Jeddah on fifth shawal 1323 H at the house (Dar) of Shiek Abdul Rauf Jamjoum. Then Shiek Mohammad Gholoum endowed a house in AL Sham area for the purpose. The founder of the school then bought a house to build the school of today including the green dome in addition to two wings each with two stores constructed with marine stones (AL Managabi) and the Jawi wood. The school contained 14 classrooms. The number of students was 14 when the school was first constructed. By the end of the year the number increased to 200 students and raised to hundreds by the following year. Light and illumination was available subject to available potentials of that period in 1323 H.