In 1861, an Egyptian army officer, Colonel Muhammad Sadiq stepped ashore at the little Red Sea port of al Wajh, on the coast of Hijaz and made a military survey of the pilgrim routes between Wajh, Madinah and Yanbu'; he carried with him the usual surveying equipment, but he also had a new apparatus to facilitate his work – a large and unwieldy wet-plate camera – with which he take be the first pictures ever taken there, of the Prophet's mosque and the Holy City of Madinah.
In 1880 he returned to the area with the Egyptian Mahmal and again brought a camera; he was able to take photographs of Makkah, Madinah, Muna area and other sites associated with the Pilgrimage, on this visit however he did not intend to use his camera for the secular purpose of a military survey; as a Muslim, his intention now was to make a holy record of one of the sacred duties of Islam – the Pilgrimage to Makkah – and he was not alone in his intention, although the motives of some of those who followed were possibly something other than holy.
Colonel Muhammad Sadiq was publicly recognized when he was awarded a certificate and gold medal at the Venice photographic fairs of 1876 and 1881.
Sadiq brought his camera to the Hijaz a mere twenty or so years after the invention of photography in Europe. However, the history of the camera itself has a close connection with the Arab world. It was the tenth century Arab physicist, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (c.965-c.1039 AD), who first described in detail an optical device to make an image: the "camera obscura", or "dark room". Al-Haytham, also known by the mediaeval Latin version of his name Alhazen, described in his treatise how, if a small hole was made in the shuttered window of a dark room, an inverted image of the outside world would be seen on the opposite wall. He also stressed the relationship between size of aperture and sharpness of image.
located on the outskirt of medina this is where people go before the umrah.
i love the mosque, it's beautiful and has a garden in the courtyard.
like always you can find some seller outside the mosque
in this mosque, you can find the grave of prophet muhammad.
this is the best mosque i have ever been, there's courtyard with automatic umbrella, beautiful and clean interior, and sliding dome.
you're not allow to bring camera inside.
outside the haram, after fajar or asr prayers, you can take a taxi to do ziyarah of all the holy places in and around medina. this will include masjid quba, masjid qiblatayn, jabl ohud and many others depending on the time and places that the taxi driver can take u
they charge 10 SR or 15 SR per person and it is usually done by share a taxi system or if you want your own private taxi they would take about 45 SR.
When the sun rises over the prophet`s mosque,these domes slide automaticly at 7:00AM each day,providing sun light from the opend cilieings.
The best thing is when most people in the mosque rise their voices saying (Allaho Akbar)or in other words,God Al mighty,when they see this happening.
Because photography is prohibited in the mosque,I took this picture from my opend bag ;-)
This green dome is what makes the prophet`s mosque diffirent from the one in Makkah.
try to get a room that over looks this view!
This picture was taken from a Hilton Hotel room.
You can see it on the right hand side.
the white domes on the left are the ones that moves automaticly when the morning sun shines!
The muslims were defeted in Ohod Battle against Quraish tribe,here you can see the tombs of the warriors,
on top of the list is:
Hamzah ibn abdul Mutalib(the prophet`s uncle).
It is located 4Km north of the prophet`s mosque.
The tomb can be visited by men all day around expet from 6:30am/10:00 am and from 1:30PM/3:30PM where it`s almost open for the ladies to visit,I say almost because in Islam it`s forbidden for ladies to visit any tombs or graveyards(you know how women are passionate and cry easily),therefor,
the ladies have a chance to pary in Al rawdha al Khadraa,(the green paradise),where it`s greatly rewarded for muslims to pray at.
Long ago we(ladies)could see the tomb,but now there is a huge curtain that seperates the tomb from us.
It was impossible for me to take any pictures of al rawdha Al khadra.
Here the Muslims were defeted by the non believers of prophet Mohammad from Quraish tribe.
It a very close mountain,about 10 minutes drive from al Masjid Al nabawi.
I made sure that my kids visit this site,as my daughter had this in her history class,and it was like a field trip for her.
you pay fees at the entrance,not sure how much though.
you can also hire a guide that tells you historical facts about this battel.
This is the main reason you`re(as a Muslim) will be visiting Madina.
In Arabic it`s called Al Masjid Al Nabawi
Of course you will also have a chance to visit the tomb where the prophet is burried,also Abo Bakr(his father in law)and the first leader of Islam after the prophet`s death,also burried there Omar ibn Al Khattab,the 2nd leader of Islam.
Hamza bin Abdulmutalib is the paternal uncle of the Prophet. He is the master of martyrs in Islam. He received the honor of martydom in the battle of Ohod. Then he was buried at the battle ground. This event occured in 3 AH. It was the major defeat Muslims every received at the time of the Prophet. Seventy companions had gone.
Shohada Ohod (martyrs of Ohod) and Sayedna Hamza's grave is one of the key religious sightseeings in Medina. Many Muslims consider this visit as costumary.
Or al Khandag is a long a bit deep hole that was dug by the Prophet and his companions to defend Medina. It's located at the north western side of the city. This idea was suggested by the companion Solomon the Persian since this side of the city was undefended while the other sides were surrounded by mountains and farms of palms.
The Trench was re-opened and re-covered through the Islamic ages. Now it's completely covered and a street has taken its name; street of al Khandag.
It's nearby the Seven Mosques.
The Seven Mosques have got a religious history. When Muslims used to have battles, they used to form small groups to pray scattered here and there. They didn't have the time to make lines altogether to perform prayers. So in every place they used to pray, they used to call it a mosque even if they didn't build any walls to have an actual mosque. So people after them built seven mosques as they spotted these places where mostly occupied by these people prayers. That what explains all of the mosques are small.
Unfortunately, no mosque remained unless for walls. They were removed recently!!!
Each mosque had taken the name of the one who performed most of the prayers at that spot. The names of the mosques are:
Fatima az Zahra, Omar bin al Khattab, Salman al Farsi, Abu Bakr Assiddik, Ali bin Abi Talib, al Fat'h and al Quiblatain where it's considered to be among the Seven Mosques because it's 2 km away.
Or the Mosque of the Cloud is located south west 500 m to the Prophet Mosque.
It's called so because it's believed that once when the Prophet was praying, a cloud had shaded upon him to protect him against the sun heat.
Or the Mosque of the Two Directions is located 5KM north west to the Prophet Mosque.
The Islamic history narrates that this mosque has got its name, because Muslims used to pray to one direction (to Jerusalem) at the onset of Islam. Then they were ordered to change the direction to the Holy Mosque in Mecca. So this mosque was the only mosque where Muslims performed their prayers to two directions (quiblatain).