Islamic Shrines zarat in Afrin and surrounding
Afrin packed shrines and places that have the status of sanctification and in some villages more than a shrine or a sacred place. The shrine is usually a building archaeological past, or a waste at the edge of the village, or a tree, or even a large rock next to the water source or in old historical places, people think its sanctity. The Shrine of the Model is to build a small square in shape, has a dome, a narrow door and a little altitude and heading off to the north in general, there is no difference in these characteristics between the villages inhabited by Aliyazdion or Muslims, or between villages, valleys and mountains.
In mountainous areas usually, there is next to the shrine set trees, or large tree, it can recognize a lot of sights into a field or in the mountains or barren mountain slopes and valleys around the existing trees.
Shrine of Hannan in Kurdish Zarati Hnan -arabic زيارة حنان:
Located in south of the village of "sparking", next to the highway Aleppo - Afrin. Which is known to visit to the locals . And about fifty meters from north-west, another shrine with a small building called the Shrine bir Jaafar, a Aliyazdi religion is concerned, has been neglected for lack of interest by Yazidis, and the incidence side of Hanan's most famous shrine.
The basic structure of the old Hanan small shrine, the tomb. In 1964, built the late Dr. Nouri Al-Dersim beacon for its building and informed by a fence and around a mosque, and prepare for himself and his wife, two graves inside the fence, and were buried there after their death.
And on top of the rise overlooking the village Kafar Jana, which is called Bill Mannan no shrine called "Mannan", which is a shrine with a traditional building, the locals say They are brothers.
- Shrine or -Muhammad Ali محمد علي:
Located in a wooded valley beautiful between the villages of Kuran and Hulio in Raju, a distance of 200 m north of the highway, surrounded by oak trees and olive trees, and beside there is old cemetery, in front of the door the northern tree decorated with thousands of small pieces of fabrics by the visitors, then the sacrifices made ship of a goat, and accepted day is Wednesday, and this reminds us of the specificity of Wednesday to the most of the Kurds. It is worth mentioning that the name Muhammad Ali is widespread in the villages surrounding the shrine, after the name of the owner of this shrine unidentified.
Shrine or Zarat Qara Journey قه ره جورني:
This shrine is located next to the bridge above the valley of "Nagorno Gurney" huge sycamore trees, which cover a distance of more than 2 km of it, frequented by visitor on Wednesday he has slaughtered chickens. The date of this visit is obscure, but there is a keyboard installed on the face of it, written on it the following: this shrine dates back to a martyr named "Hooker", a descendant of one of the priests Zoroastrians from the village of Ain Dara, and was one of the leaders of Imad ad-Din, was killed in atheist tenth century on his return from the liberation of the city of Edessa from the Byzantines.
Shrine of Sheikh Sultan Moss:
This Shrine is located in the plain field , south of the village, "Kaunda," the center of a large cemetery, surrounded by old oak trees. At the site several large stone columns spread over an area of about 2 hectares of land reminiscent of buildings in Mount shirwan.
the villagers tells about Sheikhmous that aspect of the Shaykh al-iron, and was a shepherd of the goat, and falsely accused of adultery in his village and was sentenced to death, he asked to be buried after his death in the plain field , was carried by four men from the village of Sheikh hadid Village there, and when they put the coffin in the plain below the foothills the mountain, a rock rolled from the top of the mountain, and revolved around the coffin, and then stood beside the coffin, he took the men to bury the body in the same place. And when they return to the Sheikh Hadid. God transferred them into to pigs near the village of "qarna -Baba", but there is still a path called the "path of pigs," a reminder of that event. The villagers believe that miracles appear next to the grave from time to time. People built shrine for nearly a century and a half in his honor
It is useful to mention here, that the seven yazdiin sanjaks "Flags" stands for each refers to an angel , the greatest of Sandzak is "Anzl," and Anzle or Anzle Sheikh Ibrahim is a prominent sheikhs Yazidis category Alqatanip along Cejobakr. Perhaps the title of Sheikhmous Banzle for being a chieftains category Alqatanip Aliyazdip religious leaders from the Anzle Sheikh Ibrahim,worshiper, and he died there and was buried in the same place, people took it as a place to seek blessing !.
Shrine Abdul rahman
Located north of the village "Sheikh Abdul Rahman", which is away from the highway Afrin - Jenders a distance of 3 km. There is in the south and north of the old Grave in the spring water is copious. Building Shrine wide composed of two parts, in his room West Shrine, next to an ancient stone on which was written the name of the shrine and attributes in the old Ottoman, it was removed from the facade of the building during the restoration, and instead of him They put other stone written on it in Arabic: "This is a place of Abdul Rahman bin Auf."
The shrine guard, said: "The Companion Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf / 43 BC. H - 32 H = 581-652 m /, wounded here. However, historical sources do not talk about the arrival of the companion to these parts, or that he fought the battles. And l the Shrine attracts people from different regions, religions and nationalities, and serves as his fame in the issue of pregnancy in women.
-Shrine Qazkulai: م
Fall visit "Qazkulai" at the top of Mount Qazkulai, which overlooks the West Valley "Jarjm", and from the south on the plain and the town of GOM Jenders Kafersfra village; top of the mountain covered with pine trees. The shrine is a small room in the center of a square-shaped tomb of an ancient archaeological, leads the people in the villages surrounding the shrine and make sacrifices.
And around the shrine and his name, the "Qazk" means a column in Turkish, Kurdish and Li later Turkish words the owner of a thing, meaning fully become a "vertical", and Alamodion a group of Christian monks, who worship the columns, the first of whom Simeon. And style of worship that was present in the region to the fifteenth century AD, and there raised Ifranjip and the old cemetery on the shrine. Most likely the shrine and its named has relationship with the monk that was worshiping on the column and then was buried there after his death.
Shrine of Sheikh Jamal al-Din:
Located north west of the village Joiq about 1 km, built in a traditional veneration people involved in the neighboring villages, such as "Darkir Strumica, Kocani and Joiq." It is said that Sheikh Jamal al-Din This is the fourth great-grandfather of Sheikh Khalil Ibrahim, leader of the movement in the region of Afrin Islam movement, is likely to be novel as propaganda promoted by the movement of devotees to give a historical nature to their sheikh and his ancestors.
Zarat -e-Ali Da-da:
Located on the top of Mount Qazkulai high versus the west, indicating that it belongs to its building era of pre-Islam. But the name of the shrine foretells that due to the Alawite sect, and visit the Shrine of the people of the villages of rod and move it because it is located east of these villages.
Zarat -Shahid Murad: - مزار الشهيد مراد:
This shrine is located in the plain south of the village Dereymih Kourkan in the plain, next spring Dereymih. A shrine which is common to the people of the villages and Arab Badenli Aohagi Aohagi and Surrey, is inferred from its name that it is near the Covenant, the name of Murad Itzmy the Kurds and Turks.
Shrine in Kurdish Zarat the Sheikh al Hadid:
"Bzlamh Da-da," was the center of the village of Sheikh Hadid in the lower village, has now been removed, the transformation of a place at the cafe. Shrine is located near the village next to the highway, and has a traditional building still stands, next to a huge tree DLP. Khadr shrine in the center of the large cemetery of the town, and the names of the three sites indicate a spread of the doctrine in the upper region.
عين دارة Ain Dara Afrin Syria in Kurdish An Dari
Ain Dara Temple in the North of Syria Aleppo
Ain Dara archaeological is located west of the village Ain dara current distance of 1 / / km. And a distance / / 5 km south of the city of Afrin the Kurdish Region of Syria and 40miles from Allepo second biggest city in Syria . Surrounded by fertile plains on three sides and bordered by Afrin River from the west a few hundred meters from it. It also runs through the site table Aendra spring water, which takes its course from the small lake, and pours into the Afrin River west of the hill.
This consists of the important archaeological site of two parts: a small, old south, and north of a large, less forward.
Southern Section: it is a low mound of earth, an area of about one acre. Archaeologists say it: that is a farming village from the Neolithic period, human inhabited since about ten thousand years.
Northern Section: This section is composed of two parts, north of: a flat area of land / 4600 / square meters. And called the city Althtanih. D say it. Abu Assaf: that at the end of the second millennium BC. M, was the city walls and defensive towers, and was the city's four gates in four destinations and still remains the fence is located on the western side of the city. However, it has not been drilling in this part only in the place of the northern section, and some places of the western wall. South: the Tel Ain Dara known, and the surface area of 7500 square meters.
at the gate, and in each area around is with lions from both sides and fantasy animals,
It seems that the administrative center of the area was transferred in this period of Aindara to Basotp neighbors. perhaps to worship the goddess Ishtar.
Samaan Citadel قلعة سمعان is located in the farthest southern end of Mount Liloon. It was built on a rocky protuberance to an elevation of (564) meters.
Samaan (Symeon) was born in 368 AD , lived above the pillar gradually he increased the height of that column till it was (16) meters in height; he spent (42) years on that column until he passed away in 459 AD.
the vast plain of Joomeh (in Afrin) which is penetrated by River Afrin
Kimar is a big village located among wonderful ancient ruins
There some palaces and houses in this village where their doorways and jambs still exist up till now. additional , there were three churches in Kimar:,where only some steps of its altar and the domed ceiling inscribed with two opposite peacocks above the altar still survive, while the third church is part of the monistic..
Kurzehele Or Joomeh in Kurdish قرزيحيل، جومه
Three kilometers to the north of Basoutah village is Kurzehel in Kurdish (Joomeh). There is a spring down the village and the village's shrine is beside it.
It had a church and a very big abbey, which was on the road of the passing caravans,Today Kurzehel is a beautiful inhabited village, where its houses are spread at the rocky foot of Mt Liloon and surrounded by orchards and vegetable gardens.
Located Nine Kilometers to the south of Afrin is a beautiful village known as Basouta which is surrounded fruit orchards and there is a fresh water spring coming up from the bottom of Leloon mountain surrounding Basouta from the east and south.
In the middle of the village there is a big rocky hill ranges in height from 30 meters to 50 meters.
In the latest three centuries, many Kurdish governors controlled the citadel of Basouta and the most famous were:
The ruins of this citadel is still existed until the beginning of this century , but the people of Basouta used most of the citadel stones to build their houses
Barad and The Palace of Barad براد Afrin Aleppo Syria
Eight Kilometers to the south eastern of Basouta باسوطة ,
In the middle of Barad village there is the church of Julian or Yolian. It is one of the third biggest churches in Syria, after Samaan and Krantine churches, to the east of( Maarat-Alnoman ),.
Doderiye Cave Afrin-Aleppo Syria
Cave Duderiye (Sikefta Duderiye) in Afrin Aleppo Syria:
Despite the lack of sources about this cave, I will try to give enough information.
The location of the current geographical: Located cave Dodrejh (Duderiye) in the region of Mount color (Hearoua) northwest of the city of Aleppo after / 45 km / and the southern city of Afrin the Kurdish region / 15 km /, and west of the village Brada / 4 km / depth / 60 m / and the maximum View / 40 m / and highly / 450 m / above sea level.
Dodrejp cave was discovered in 1978 after sixteen years of exploration and intermittently, in 23/8/1993 and in partnership with a Japanese team Syrian exploration was the discovery of fossil human remains in the cave.
Shows the result of research and analysis that these bones belong to humans (Neanderthals), who lived in the Stone Age, the average A / 200 to 40 / thousand years BC.
I have been estimating the age of the child about two years.
Of a cave Dodrejh (Duderiye) Baban, the northern section is large and supervised on the valley display / / 8 meters, a
The Cave (Dodrip) in the region of Afrin is the cave, which we found the skeleton.
Cave Dodereye / 60 m / depth and 40 / m / in width is the deepest and the largest cave of the early Stone Age.
Dodery in the Kurdish language means the two gates or two entrances.
Yazidi Shrines in Afrin Aleppo Syria
1-زيارة شيخ بركات sheikh Barakat
Located on the summit of Mount Sheikh Baraka t كات بر شيخ .
This mountain is located south of the town of Afrin at a distance of 30 km / almost, with a high
This is Yazidi shrines key, and it will be marked with celebration
of yazidis New Year's , and then make the sacrifice.
And seek blessing from the followers of the Druze faith .
2-Çêlxane خانه چيل Shrine
This is located about 2 km south of قيبار عرشarsh qinbar, and in deep vally
Deep in the rocky mountain.
There is Arar tree on the door
covered with hundreds of Soft fabrics are hung by the victors r on the intention of
Achieve their aspiration and wishes.
Name Çêlxane Çêl meaning forty in Kurdish,
Khan means House or place It is said that the shrine was a place for those who wish to practice mysticism, worship.
3-Melek Adî shrine Mlkadi ملكادي
Located on the Mount of color at a distance of 2 km from village of Arish Qinbar
The shrine of King Adie had a great importance to the Yazidis in the past.
A religious ritual next to it takes place, in which cloth of the one who likes to be a hermit to paint of the cloth in brown color with bass tree.
Hermitage and the transition to the lives of the poor,isolation and asceticism, and the presence of the clergy supervisors on those rituals.
4-Sheikh Rakab ركاب شيخ shrine :
Located in the Sheikh a dir village , which is a traditional building has a dome( Qoba), and the area
This a is greater than other shrines. One of the main shrines for Yazidis.
5-Parse Xatûn خاتون پارسه
The shrine is located on top of the mountain near the village of Ali qastal Jando.
جندو علي قسطل shrine is a small area, traditional in its building, the door to the east.
The name of the shrine is Kurdish and consists of two syllables. Xatûn and Parse
Xatûn: the lady or princess.
Parse: the beggar
6- حميد شيخ Sheikh Humaid
This visit is located to the south-west of the village of Qastal Ali Jendo to
2,5 km. Door in the east, and have what looks like Mihrab,
Yazidis consider a shrine of their own. There is next to the cemetery visit, Yazidis,
And an old water well and large stones for the construction of archaeological.
7-Sheick Sidi shrine:
Located in the middle of Faqira VIllage, and have been neglected, and Surrounded by houses.
8-Sheikh Ali's shrine:
Next to high way, in the middle of village of Basûfan. traditional building with built with huge stones.
9-Pîr Cefer جعفر پير
Located to the north Hannan shrine, about 50 meters A, and its building
Classic, but the famous shrine Hanan overshadowed by the next.
10-Abu Kaaba shrine:
Is located next to Abu Kaaba Village , and it had a great importance to the Yazidis , however, after leaving Agherip and accommodation in nearby villages, neglected
11- Hecerka Şêx Husên Hjrki Sheikh Hussein shrine:
Is a traditional shrine. Built there in honor of Sheikh Hussein Yazidi.
Located on the top of the rise overlooking the village of Kaferjana
Traditional place, visited by Yazidis, and then offer the sacrifice to seek blessing and vows.and they wish to come true.
This shrine is located near village of Kluta on a mountain Lelon,and its a a cave.
Nabi Hoori city is located on the eastern foot of the mountain where the Nabi Hoori citadel was built. It is bordered by small heights which are covered with olive trees in the south, while in the north, we can see the beautiful scenery of the Syrian villages along the border with Turkey.
Nabi Hoori is considered an interesting summering place in Aleppo, where hundreds of people from Afrin and Aleppo visit it weekly as well as the tourist groups from all over the world to know more about the city and its citadel and great antiquities. Unfortunately, only some parts of the citadel wall.
There also theatre that its size is biiger than the entire vllage around and Bathrooms and fabulous graveyards where the hexagonal tower-like tomb of a Roman leader is located at the southwest side of the city and in the small room under the tower, there is a shrine dated 703 AH ( After Hegira) as well as a mosque dated 1276 AH where Muslims from the nearby villages come to pray on Fridays, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha.