The apple plantation is one of the major economic activities of Sweida, which produces about 50 thousand tons per year, which has also the finest quality in Syria; its apple has the highest recorded sugar percentage per the apple,That’s because the farmers don't irrigate their trees ever!!
This agriculture was so famous that Sweida itself was called Dionysias for the good of wine Dionysus in the Greek myth, so the wines of Sweida was famous all over the middle east theses times, and till now Sweida produces the finest Syrian wines and Araks (a strong Syrian traditional alcoholic drink).
The importance of viniculture goes back to the first millennium B.C, coz this region was so famous with its vineyards and orchards, we can see in the Sweida museum many figures of vine leaf and grapes curved on our black basalt rocks!
So the Sweida museum contains one of the fines basalt pieces in the world, even in sweida there is the biggest basalt statue in the world, and it's for Sultan Pasha Atrash, the leader of the Syrian revolution in 1925 against the French mandate.
The whole Mouhafaza is made up from a volcanic plateau, so you can see
instinct volcanoes with their conic shapes all around Sweida, the highest point reaches 1809 off the sea level, so it could get so cold during the winter with frost.
It’s believed here that the fertile volcanic soil can afford giving the trees their needs of nutrients without adding many chemicals……..
Bearing the name of Rayan, which reflects the good quality of these beverages in this area, the Rayan Arak gained many international prices like the Leipzig international drink fair in 1984.
What’s spectacular in Sweida is its black rocks and it's current name comes from this means in Arabic (the little black one).