Below are references and recommended reading:
Syria - A Historical and Cultural Guide, by Warwick Ball
Monuments of Syria - An Historical Guide, by Ross Burns
Syria - A Selection of Reports, by Carol Miller
Rome in the East, The Transformation of an Empire, by Warwick Ball
Canatha and Philippopolis, by Hassan Hatoum
Syrie - Guides Bleus, Hachette
Favorite thing: The climate of this area of southern Syria is Mediterranean with some heat days in the summer ( the mean temp of July is 26 c ) , the winter is cool with snow in January ( mean temp. of January 2 c ) . Autumn , winter , spring are the wet seasons , there is virtually no rain during July – August -.
Favorite thing: The town was famous of wine production so this reflected into the decoration and the stone pieces , mainly with grapes and foliage motifs branches of the vine tree along with other plants and shapes .
Elghar wadi ( seasonal river ) runs into the town , this river is a tributary of Yarmuk river which is the main tributary of Jordan river in the northeast .
The river flows from winter till midsummer and within the town forms a 10 meter deep valley .the source of its water comes from the melting snows of Jebel alArab peaks which reach an altitude of 1802 meters .
Favorite thing: The old town houses were made of the old stones of the Byzantine houses , or even the new inhabitants that came from Lebanon in the 17th century settled in the old Byzantine houses after some repairs !! , you can see in the walls of an inhabited house a stone with inscriptions or figures , or even a broken capital ! , the inhabitants themselves call these houses ( Roman dwellings ) .
Favorite thing: A league of 10 Hellenistic towns in Southern Syria and Transjordan , formed in 63 B.C in order to consolidate the commercial and military relations between the 10 towns , all the towns were Metropolises in their regions , the Decapolis extended from Damascus in the north to Philadelphia (Amman) in the south including Canatha ( Qanawat ) , Pella , Gadara , Scythopolis (Beisaan ) , Hippos , Raphana , Gerasa , Dion .
Favorite thing: As in all Syria the town’s history passed through many epochs and historical periods , the most remarkable of it were the Nabatean , Hellenistic , Roman , Byzantine , you can find a trace of all these civilizations all around the town .
The oak wood that is to the south and east of the town was considered this year as a new nationalpark ( Mahmiyi tabi’yi ) the main trees in Damni N.P is oak scrubs ( Quercus calliprinos ) , with some other oak species like the larger oak ( Quercus infectoria ) .
The wood is a small remaining part of a larger oak forest that was covering all the jabal alArab region .
Favorite thing: The Basalt stone makes the ruins to seem black , that because the whole area is a rough volcanic plateau and the basalt is the main construction element in southern Syria .