Ankara's names were: ANKYRA-ANCYRE-ENGURiYE-ANGARA-ANGORA-ANKARA
The history of Ankara stretches back to the (Hitites)Hatti civilisation of the Bronze Age. 2000 years before the time of Jesus, the Hittites become the dominant power of the region, and were then followed by the Phyrgians, Lydians and Persians. In the 3rd Century BC, a Celtic race known as the Galatians made Ankara their capital city. The name Ankara comes from the word 'Ancyra', which means 'anchor.'
After World War I Ataürk declared Ankara as a capital of the new Turkish Republic on October 13th 1923 when the National War of Independence freed Turkey from foreign occupation.
Favorite thing: For the ones who want to taste Turkish wine I will recommend the brand and grape varieties. Kavaklidere, Doluca, Sevilen, Pamukkale are some of the big wine producers of Turkey. You can select a wine from these, the quality will not fall below average. Kalecik karasi, Okuzgozu, Bogazkere are major red grapes; Emir, Narince are major white grapes used for wine production. Since there are not strict standards for wine production in Turkey, like France, Italy, Spain the prices for the same grape will differ from each other. You can find wine boutique of Kavaklýdere (Biggest wine producer of Turkey, based in Ankara) at Tunus cad. No:88 Kavaklýdere adress, close to embassies and Tunali Hilmi road.
As it is well known Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Ýstanbul. The city has a mean elevation of 850 m and as of 2007 the city had a population of 4 million people.
Following the Ottoman defeat at World War I, the Ottoman capital Istanbul and much of Anatolia were occupied by the Allies, who planned to share these lands between the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Greece, leaving the Turks only a small piece of land in central Asia Minor. In response, the leader of the Turkish nationalist movement, Kemal Atatürk, established the headquarters of his resistance movement in Ankara in 1920. After the War of Independence was won, the Turkish nationalists replaced the Ottoman Empire with the Republic of Turkey and Ankara had replaced Ýstanbul (formerly Constantinople) as the new Turkish capital city, on 13 October 1923.
Now it is the center of the Turkish Government, and houses all foreign embassies.
The city is famous for its long-haired Angora goat and its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed of cat (Angora cat), white rabbits and their prized wool (Angora wool).
Learn more wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankara.
You may watch my 4 min 24 sec VIDEO-Clip Ankara Slide-show with Tarkan Dudu musik.
Ankara has gone by several names over the ages: The Hittites gave it the name Ankuwash before 1200 BC. The Galatians and Romans called it Ancyra. In the classical, Hellenistic, and Byzantine periods it was known as Ánkyra.
The Macedonian king Alexander the Great conquered the city in 333 BC. Alexander came from Gordion to Ankara and stayed in the city for a short period. Ancyra was invaded in rapid succession by the Goths coming from the west (who rode far into the heart of Cappadocia, taking slaves and pillaging) and later by the Arabs.
It was also known as Angora after it fell to the Seljuks in 1073, and was so known up until 1930.
Learn more ankaracityguide.com.
Favorite thing: Turkey and Ankara in particlur turned out to be a much more pleasant place than I had expected. We went to view the eclipse in 2006 and drove for 2.5hrs to a remote hamlet to sit peacefully and watch it. The peace didn't last as we were soon accosted by a group of local villagers who proceeded to bring tea, coffee and food. They wanted to share our experience.
Tunali Hilmi Avenue in Kavaklidere is one of the liveliest areas in this city - you can find several shops, department stores, cafes/restaurants...
It's Ankara's version of Rome's Via Condotti, NYC's 5th Avenue - ah, no, perhaps I'm exaggerating a little ;-)
The prices in Tunali Hilmi is perhaps higher than what you can find in other district shopping areas, but it does not differ much from the price range in shopping malls like Armada, Migros or Karum.
Here the advantage I think is the open air ;-)
On a sunny day, we enjoyed window-shopping, buying some gifts and then sitting at an outdoor cafe.
So, alright, the selection might not be as rich as it is in Istanbul, but Ankara is a city that keeps a theatre-lover happy :)
Please keep that in mind that most plays are in Turkish.
A list of the known theatre companies:
State Theatre of Ankara - 0 312 3092414
Buyuk Tiyatro - 0 312 3242210
Kucuk Tiyatro - 0 312 3111169
Sinasi Sahnesi - 0 312 4671745
Yeni Sahne - 0 312 4313887
Altindag Tiyatrosu - 0 312 3165902
Adnan Saygun Caddesi, 6/8, Sihhiye, Ankara
0 312 4318528
Ankara Art Theatre
Ihlamur Sokak, No: 6/B, Yenisehir, Ankara
0 312 4177676
0 312 4250256
Ekin Art Center
Menekse 1 Sokak, No: 8, Kizilay, Ankara
0 312 4195656
Tiyatro Keyfi is a good site for play reviews, and news about the theatre companies.
Favorite thing: I did a lot of walking in Ankara and crossed and walked along many big roads. There was a lot of traffic, and pollution in the air. I tried to find smaller roads but it is sometimes better to take the big roads if you don't want to get lost.
Favorite thing: Walking up the steps from Hisarparki Caddesi, through a gate in the wall and then through the park, and after passing a second gate I was surprised to suddenly be in what seemed to be an old Turkish village. A village with winding little streets and no cars.
Favorite thing: From the park by the citadel (Hisar) there are great views over Ankara to the west, where the sun sets. Well, when I was there to watch the sun set it was not a very spectacular one, but I guess there are more beautiful ones.
Favorite thing: After a day of walking around it is very nice to come to the park by the citadel. It's green and quiet, away from the noice and pollution of the traffic. As the park is just below the citadel it is on a hillside with great views over Ankara.
What I like in Ankara is that it's a clean and green city with quite a lot fountains, and the people from here are really nice in comparasion to other parts of Turkey. (my opinion)
Fondest memory: In the picture: Iulia (a friend from Kazakhstan)
Kemal Ataturk's Memorial, Mausoleum and Museum - the memorial is on the top of a small hill. There's a bit of a walk, and then there's a huge set of steps up to the top of the memorial.
This is a very, very large building. Ataturk was extremely important to Turkey. He started as an Ottoman general and fought against us at Gallipoli, he fought in the Turkish War of Independence, became a national hero, declared Turkey a repuplic and completely remade Turkish society. The measure of his importance, and the regard that the Turks have for him, can be demonstrated by the size of his memorial.
Fondest memory: .
The changing of the guard. The new guard comes marching down the middle, and stopps at each of the guardposts and changes the guards.
Learn some simple phrases pertaining to the Tea break and Greetings. Knowing some of the language even if its a simple greeting or call to have Tea will make a great impression on your Hosts.
Fondest memory: Walking up the hillside to reach the Mosque at the top and
being invited into a Mans yard to have Tea and a sweet snack. Also Children gathering around me and following me up the street to the Mosque.
Favorite thing: visit Anýtkabir, Mustafa Kemal ATATURK's Mausoleum.Located in an imposing position in the Anittepe quarter of the city stands the Mausoleum of Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic. Completed in 1953, it is an impressive fusion of ancient and modern architectural ideas and remains unsurpassed as an accomplishment of modern Turkish architecture. There is a museum housing writings, letters and items belonging to Ataturk as well as an exhibition of photographs recording important moments in his life and the establishment of the republic. (Anitkabir and the museum is open everyday, except Mondays. During the summer, there is a light and sound show in the evenings).