The hill which overlooks the city is crowned by the ruins of the old castle, which adds to the picturesqueness of the view, but only a few historic structures surrounding the old citadel have survived to our date.
If you keep walking ever upward to a flight of concrete stairs leading to the Sark Kulesi (SHARK koo-leh-see, Eastern Tower), from which there is a panoramic view of the Turkish capital. You’ll see many of the houses squeezed into the area between the walls are now historic monuments protected by UNESCO.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 56' 21.86" N 32º 51' 56.97" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Sark Kulesi - Eastern Tower .
The Monument of the Republic was the first sight which I saw in the late evening in Ankara. To take better photos I went to see it once more in the early morning. Build in 1927 in Ulus Square. It is a symbol of the struggle for independence on the part of Atatürk and the Turkish people in the War of Liberation.
Two figures of soldiers seeme to be even more impressive than the statue of Ataturk!
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 56' 29.65" N 32º 51' 14.68" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Monument of the Republic .
The foundations of the citadel were laid by the Galatians on a prominent lava outcrop, and the rest was completed by the Romans. The Byzantines and Seljuks further made restorations and additions.
You may enter the Hisar through the Finger Gate (Parmak Kapisi), also called the Clock Gate (Saatli Kapi) because of the public clock on the white octagonal tower.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 56' 20.84" N 32º 51' 49.63" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Parmak Kapisi - Finger Gate .
The Ak Kale (AHK kah-leh, White Fortress) is the northern tower in the walls of the fortress.
The area around and inside the citadel, being the oldest part of Ankara, contains many fine examples of traditional architecture. There are also recreational areas to relax. Many restored traditional Turkish houses inside the citadel area have found new life as restaurants, serving local cuisine, music.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 56' 20.41" N 32º 51' 55.50" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Ak Kale - White Fortress .
This is one of the largest Ottoman mosque in Ankara and was built by the famous architect Sinan in the 16th century. Unfortunately I watched it only from outside and didn’t see the mimber (pulpit) and mihrap (prayer niche). They were of white marble and the mosque itself is of Ankara stone (red porphyry), an example of very fine workmanship. Yeni Mosque is situated on Ulucanlar Avenue which we were passing by while crossed the city by bus.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 55' 13.98" N 32º 52' 10.99" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Yeni (Cenab Ahmet) Mosque .
This mosque is located in the Ulus quarter next to the Temple of Augustus. It was built in the early 15th century in Seljuk style by an unknown architect. It was subsequently restored by architect Sinan in the 16th century. The mosque was built in honor of Hacý Bayram Veli, whose tomb is next to the mosque (1428).
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 56' 38.18" N 32º 51' 28.12" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Hacý Bayram Mosque .
The Old City and its fortress, the Ankara Kalesi, besieged and stormed on many occasions, are built on a 120m high site ridge facing the oldest of Ankara's gecekondu quarters, AltinDag.
Climb up to its terrace at the top of the tower for spectacular views of the northern parts of Ankara.
Don’t miss an opportunity to watch the Ceremonial guard changing! It was quite impressive and even touching.
Have a look at my 1 min 37 sec VIDEO-Clip Ankara Anitkabir - Turkish Guard .
There are several bull statuettes made in bronze, with silver. This bull is 52 cm high and is from the 3rd millennium BC. It was found in Alacahöyük.
These kinds of statuettes have probably been used as standards in religious processions. Also sun discs are common from the same period, the late Bronze Age.
The first emblem of Ankara was the Hittite sun disk (figures of bulls and stags). You can see original figures at the Museum of Anatolian Civilisations but I’m writing this tip because I saw a huge monument in the middle of the street! Thanks to the heavy traffic in Ankara we were driving slowly so I had the chance to take a quick picture of it (pic 1) because it’s very difficult to stop there and walk near the monument.
It is located at Sihhiye district (from the word “sihhat” that means health, the area houses many hospitals by the way) which is the crosspoint between the rich south area of Kizilay and the poor north area of Ulus. The long motorways that passing by the monument don’t allow the visitor to enjoy the monument, not even have some moments to think about it. I wonder if even some locals know anything about it.
The monument was established in 1978 by the municipal leader Vedat Dalokay that wanted to give a symbol to the city and an answer to those who were describing Ankara as a city with no history. It seems no one agreed, the nationalists didn’t like the idea of a Pre-Turkish symbol and the islamists the idea of a pre-muslim symbol!
It was about 4000 years when the Hittites came to Anatolia, created a powerful kingdom although we don’t have much knowledge about them except some reference in the Old Testament or some other records from Egypt and Assyria. Their capital was 240km east of Ankara at Hattusas(now known as Bogazkoy). In many tombs have been found the sun disks that probably had some ritual significance as they were adorned with figures of sacred stags and bulls.
Opposite the monument is the Abdi Ipekci park but we didn’t have time for that. I've read that many protest take place there.
I arrived to Anit Kabir from Tandoyan. After a long walk along the road through the park you come to the Tower of Freedom, to the left, and Tower of Independence, to the right. In both towers there are exhibitions and in front of them there are statues. The three male statues in front of the Freedom tower represents the youth of Turkey, the Turkish soldier and the Turkish farmer.
In front of the Independence tower there are statues of three women. They express sorrow over the death of Atatürk.
In the towers there are exhibitions of personal items of Atatürk (even two cars), documents and photos and text about the construction of the mausoleum.
Below the Hall of honour there is a museum of "the war of independence", and the beginning of the Turkish state and its founder Kemal Atatürk. It is a very patriotic museum. In the first part there are scenes from trenches with sounds and a lot of paintings.
Without a doubt, the largest mound in Gordion was that covering the tomb of King Midas. It is 53 m (174 ft) high and 300 m (984 ft) wide.
The large, almost square-shaped burial chamber is 6.2 m (20 ft) long and 5.15 m (17 ft) wide. The skeleton of King Midas was laid on a large bench, surrounded by other benches on which lay various gifts for the afterworld. Close observation of the skeleton revealed that King Midas died when he was around 60 years old, and that he was quite short in stature, 1.59 m (5 ft). Found on the floor of the tomb chamber were 166 bronze funeral gifts that most likely fell off the nine tables and walls. In addition, there were also 145 bronze fibula laid at the head of the deceased.
Catal Hüyük is an important site from the Neolithic period. This sitting Mother Goddess was founding the shrine of level II. She is supported by two leopards and is shown giving birth of a child between her legs.
She is made of baked clay and was found in the grain bin of the shrine. The head has been restored.
As you enter the mausoleum (Hall of Honour)you come into a room with lofty ceiling. There are some gold mosaics, and in the front is a big cenoteph made of one single pice of marble. The tomb is in a camber below.
Official visitors normaly come to the mausoleum and one, or two days, after my visit (can't remember) Bush was here to put a wreath of flowers on the cenoteph.
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