This building of the War of Independence Museum (Kurtuluþ Savaþý Müzesi) is located on Ulus Square just opposite the Monument of the Republic. It was originally the first Parliament building of the Republic of Turkey. Here the War of Liberation was planned and directed.
Being lack of time I couldn’t watch the museum inside. I only watched the building and the gun exposing at its outside territory. But no doubt it is interesting especially for those who concerns history of Turkey.
Opening hours: 08.30 - 12.15 & 13.30 - 17.15, closed Mondays
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 56' 30.24" N 32º 51' 14.02" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio War of Independence Museum .
I can understand that for the Turks the mausoleum is very important but we found more interesting the surrounded area and buildings.
The first thing we noticed was the Walk of Lions (pic 1), a nice wide road (262m long) that is surround by rows of 24 seated lions. They are made of stone and was always a symbol of power in Turkish mythology. We liked the flowers too.
Then we checked the buildings around the square in front of Anitkabir, first the movie room where we saw a video about Ataturk (usually in Turkish but check the timetable on the info board to see when is the English version) and then we visited some of the rooms where the exhibits are old official, ceremony and private cars that once belonged to Ataturk (pic 2) but also the gun carriage which transported Ataturk’s coffin from Dolmabahce palace to the navy in Sarayburnu on 19/11/1938 (pic 3). The battleship Yavuz transported the coffin to Izmit and then with a specially designated train to Ankara where it was settled at Ethnographic museum until the monument was ready. It was only in 1953 when it was buried at Anikabir.
There was a long line for the museum so we took some pictures of the flagpole (33,53meters high, donated by a Turkish American on 3/3/1946), of some overserious looking soldiers (pic 4) etc
After 10' the line was over so we visited the Museum of Ataturk and the War of Independence. It houses some items of Ataturk, portraits, documents, a book collection, exhibits from the war of independence, panoramas from Canakkale battles etc
Unfortunately, they don’t allow photography inside anymore so pic 5 the only one I got before they inform me that I had to put my camera inside my bag.
The museum has no entrance fee and it’s open 9.00-17.00 (till 16.00 in winter)
At end we checked the library where you can see a huge collection of books that Kemal Ataturk supposed to have written. Obviously an educated man, with great knowledge but if he read all these books he wouldn’t have time for anything else! :) The small gift shop has memorabilia about him for those who interested.
Kurtulus Savasi Muzesi was the first Parliament building of Turkey, the first sessions of the new government too place here. It was built by Salim Bey in 1915 and used as the headquarters of Committee of Union and Progress (the party that brought down Sultan Abdulhamid). Kemal Ataturk was elected president of the Assembly and stated that the Grand Assembly is above all. The building had been used during the War of Independence as the headquarters and it was here that was approved the first Turkish Constitution, the national anthem, the treaty of Lausanne and finally the establishment of Ankara as capital and of course the declaration of Turkish Republic.
The Grand Assembly stayed used the building until 1924 and then turned into the headquarters of the Republican People’s Party(Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, CHP), then used as School of Law, then as Ministry of Education and finally (1961) into a museum.
In our days it houses the War of Independence Museum but we didn’t have to time to check inside because it was closed, the guard told me that has old pictures and documents but all the information is in turkish. What I really wanted to see were some wax figures of former presidents but…
It is open 9.00-12.00 and 13.00-17.00, Tuesday-sunday
The web site below has detailed information about the halls inside
Open everyday, except Monday, from 09:00 to 17:00 (closed between 12:00-13:00)
Construction of the building started in 1915, at which time it was to be used as the meeting hall of İttihat and Terakki (Union and Progress) Party. The party was founded in opposition to the Ottoman Sultan, and this building played an important role during the establishment of the young Turkish Republic; the first National Assembly was held here on April 23, 1920. This two story stone building was built in the Turkish architectural style and the andesine used is called Ankara Stone.
Emptied when the National Assembly moved to its new home in 1924, this building was subsequently used as the headquarters of the Party and Law School. It was converted into the Turkish Independence War museum in 1961, and here you can find many documents, photos, medals and private objects.
The Museum of Ataturk and the War of Independence is an excellent museum located in the Ataturk Mausoleum complex beneath the Hall of Honor. The museum has four sections. The first section features a collection of Ataturk's posessions and gifts that were given to him by various nations and political leaders. The second section contains a number of exhibits about World War I's Gallipoli battles and about the war between Turkey and Greece in the early 1920's, which the Turks call the Turkish War of Independence. A highlight of this section is two large battle tableaus that feature realistic sounds (and did a effective job of scaring our 7-year old child).
The third section of the museum is a series of exhibits about the early years of the Turkish republic, highlighting Atatturk's many reforms. The final section of the museum display's Ataturk's book collection, with many works in English and French, as well as Turkish. Underneath this section is a small cafe if you need a snack or drink after seeing all of the exhibits.
Visitors are not allowed to take photos and videos in the museum.