Roman Emperor Augustus build a tempel in old Ankara and the Turks build a mosque near the tempel. The mosque is called Haci Bayram Mosque.Haci Bayram was a Turkish scolar lived in Ankara in 12th Century.
What's left of Roman Angora is strewn about Ulus, the commercial centre of the capital. It's not a particularly pretty area, with just the occasional Ottoman house marooned in a sea of ugly concrete shopping malls, but follow signs for the Temple of Augustus and things soon change for the better. The city authorities have obviously decided the place needed a bit of a tidy up, so now there is a large pedestrianised square with benches, trees and fountains, all surrounding an ancient Roman temple and it;s adjoining 15th centure mosque.
It's an odd combination. Half a temple, currently under scaffolding while restoration work is carried out, welded onto a much smaller mosque, housing the tomb of Bayram Veli, a local saint who founded a dervish order in his name. There is a constant stream of middle-aged women in headscarves entering the tomb, then emerging to buy a religious souvenir at one of the many shops on the edge of the square.
One thing I found a little strange was the heavy police presence here. I came by twice at different times of day, but every twenty metres or so was a pair of police officers, looking out for I don't know what. It seemed a strange place to have all this protection, a place that attracts mainly middle-aged female worshippers and families with young children there for the fountains.
Temple of Augustus was built in 10 AD by the Galatian King, Pylamenes on the ruins of the first temple constructed here that was dedicated to Goddess Men of Phrygians on 2nd century BC. The temple is formed of eight rows, with 15 pillars in each row. The testament of Augustus original of which is at Rome Temple, is engraved on the walls of the temple in Latin and Greek. This structure is also important for referring to the deeds of Augustus, which are also written in Latin. The military and political events between BC 43 and AD 14 has been specified on the testament text. The plan of the temple resembles the Artemis Temple in Manisa. In 5th Century, the temple is converted into a church by the Byzantines. Later, when Ankara was conquered by the Seljuks in the 2nd century Hacı Bayram mosque has been built next to the northwest of the temple. Today only the two walls and the door section stands.
The temple is located in the Ulus quarter of the city. It is also known as the Monumentum Ancyranum was built between 25 BC - 20 BC following the conquest of Central Anatolia by the Roman Empire and the formation of the Roman province of Galatia, with Ancyra (modern Ankara) as its administrative capital.
The temple, on the ancient Acropolis of Ancyra, was enlarged by the Romans in the 2nd century. In the 5th century it was converted into a church by the Byzantines. They claimed it for the Eastern church until Muslims built a Mosque on the site, next to the tomb of Haci Bayram. Not the best Roman site I should say.
You may watch my 2 min 16 sec VIDEO-Clip Ankara Early morning walk with Turkish pop music.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Ankara on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 39º 56' 38.41" N 32º 51' 29.16" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Temple of Augustus .