This structure rest on a square pedestal and building is cylinder in shape.It is 14 meter in height,entrance is through a door on the east facing wall.From here,a narrow stairway leads to the upper floor.
According to the design,it resembles a mausoleum of the Roman period from the architectural characteristics,2nd century A.D. is the date of tower.
address;Kaleici(Old city) Kilicarslan mah.HIDIRLIK sok.
Near to Karaalioglu park.
Termessos, high in the mountains 34km northeast of Antalya, is probably the most spectacularly sited ruined city in Turkey. Inhabited by the Termessians, it remained independent when Alexander the Great was fought off in 333 BC. You can visit en route from Olimpos to Goreme, which is only possible by reaching Antalya no later than 13:00 from Olimpos. From Antalya to Goreme, buses depart nightly at 20:30. The bus company will store luggage for free.
Termessos is not accessible directly by local transport.We shared renting a car for the day with another hotel guest. Buses running between the Antalya bus station and Korkuteli will drop-off at the road junction to Termessos for 1 million TKL. The latest return bus to Antalya is at 18:00. From the Termessos junction, it's 9km uphill. The walk takes about 2 hours at a steady pace. Alternatively, taxis waiting at the junction charge about 5 million TKL one-way by meter. You can take a taxi both up and down to ensure that you would have time to catch a bus to Goreme. Those who walked the 9km to the Termessos parking lot didn't look happy to realize that it's another 20 minute steep hike up to the ruins. The Termessians must have been one physically fit population.
This church known by the name of Aya Yorgi is one of the five Orthodox churches in the Kaleici(citadel) of Antalya.
Over its entrance,there is a bas-relief representation of the St.George defeating the dragon,surrounded by an interesting in scription written in Turkish with Greek characters.
According to this inscription,the church that already existed there for a long time repaired by the Christians of Antalya in 1863.
Fallen into a very ruined condition since then,the restoration of this building under the status of cultural assets for the protection was sponsored by Suna and Inan KIRAC between 1993-1995.
At present,it serves as the exhibition hall of Kaleici Museum.
Barbaros mah.Kocatepe sok.No:25 Kaleici-Antalya
Figurine;Mostly depicting living things,that are easily carried,figurines are three dimensional little piece of art.Early fired earthenware figurines were formed by hand.This method continued to be used for a long time.Beginning around 700 B.C. moulds were used to produce figurines.This little figures were made to serve as offering-dedications to the gods and are formed in the shape of the god or goddness to which the figurine was dedicated..
Kothon;A type of perfume,water or oil container.Some models are inspired by oil lamps.Formerly called an "exaleiptron" or a "plemokhoe"...
Hall of small works
Konyaalti cad.no 1 Antalya
The Karain cave is located below the surface of the south slope of Cadir Hill on the side of Katvan Mountain,by the village of Yagca;approximately 30 km northwest of Antalya.The cave was discovered by Prof.Dr.Kokten while conducting a research exploration in the vicinity of the village of Gurma in Antalya province in 1946.After the discovery of the cave he carried out excavations under difficult conditions until 1973.
Karain is the biggest cave inhabited in prehistoric time in Turkey.Plentiful spring water,plant cover and convenient hunting areas motivated early man to settle in the Karain cave and for this reason,the archaeological richness and chronological continuity of Karain can not be seen in any other caves.
Even through an inscription can not be found,it's understand that Mehmet Pasha mosque was built near the end XVIII. century by Tekeli Mehmet Pasha.The plan of the entire structure is nearly square,the frontals above the entrance door and the windows are made of hewn stone and the other section are covered with a yellow plaster.There is a central large dome and the north are three domes side by side.
WARNING:Over 95 percent of the Turkish population is Muslim.Mosques can be visited outside prayer times.Visitors should dress appropriately(no short skirts or shorts)and women should cover their heads with a scarf.
Always remove your shoes before entering mosque.
In the Hellenistic period, Termessos gradually "Hellenized," adapting Greek culture, language and even becoming a democracy. The impressive theatre was built during this period, no doubt serving as both entertainment venue and political meeting place. Throughout the period, Termessos was engaged in frequent warfare with its neighbors, often taking on more than one. For its help in his campaign against Selge (c. 158 BC), Attalus II of Pergamum erected the city's elegant stoa (porch).
Termessos passed easily into Roman friendship and later empire. The city received considerable autonomy for its role against King Mithridates. It guarded its privileges jealously; remarkably, its coinage never included either image or title of the Emperors. (This is the source of the tour-guide story that Termessos was never conquered by Alexander or the Romans!) Most of the city's buildings were erected in this period, including a temple to the Emperor Hadrian. At some point the city Christianized, and bishops from Termessos participated in the early church councils, but the city was abandoned between the 5?7 centuries. (Remoteness and earthquakes may have both played their part.) Except for the occasional nomad it lay empty after that, which explains its relatively pristine state.
Termessus was rediscovered by British naturalist Edward Forbes in 1842. The picturesque ruins date mostly from the Roman era, and include a theater, gymnasium, council chamber (bouleterion) and a stoa (donated by Attalus II of Pergamon). Seven temples subsist in various states of disrepair, including temples to Artemis, Zeus Solymeus and the Emperor Hadrian, and the site include an expansive necropolis of rock-cut tombs and sarcophagi in the Lycian style. One of the sarcophagi has been identified as that of Alexander's general Alcetas, driven to suicide by Antigonus in 319, during the wars of the Successors
Termessus entered history during the winter of 333 BC when Alexander the Great was in the region. Having swept through Lycia, Alexander entered Pamphylia by the coastal route and mastered its cities of Perge, Aspendus and Side. Alexander then proceeded inland to Phrygia by a path that led through a narrow, difficult pass controlled by Termessus. Arrian (1.27) represents this as "the route to Phrygia," but there were others. We can only speculate whether (as Freya Stark suggested) his Pamphylian sources steered him in the direction of their fearsome neighbors or whether the plan was Alexander's.
Alexander's actions at Termessus are recounted in Arrian (1.27-28). Arrian describes the defile through which Alexander's army had to move, with steep sides "like gates" allowing even a small force to close it. Sure enough the Termessians turned out in a body to stop him. Seeing this, Alexander ordered his men to pitch camp, anticipating, as Arrian says, that the sight of this action would cause the bulk of the Termessian force to retire to the city until morning. When things turned out just as Alexander had suspected, he threw a team of archers, javelin men and light infantry against the Termessian positions, sending its defenders back to the city. Alexander passed the narrows and encamped threateningly close to the city itself.
The park, 92 km from Antalya, is the valley of wild beauty, rich in flora and fauna. The canyon stretches for 14 km along the Kopru River and is 400 meters deep in some places. The Roman Oluk Bridge, which spans the canyon, and the Bugrum Bridge over the Kocadere stream, are engineering feats of antiquity. From this park you can make two possible excursions to the ancient city of Selge and to the Dedegol Mountains. Dedegol, the highest peak in this mountain range rises to 2,992 meters. An important city of ancient Pisidia, Altinkaya (Selge), northwest of the Koprulu Canyon National Park, is reached by a winding mountain road.
An area of 36 500 hectares has been proclaimed natural reserve in 1973, which includes Koprulu Kanyon, Kopru Cayi/Stream and the ruins of the ancient city of Selge.
The largest cypress forest of the Middle East is here. Despite malpractices of hunting, wildlife in the region thrives with such wild animals and birds as deer, ibex (rock-goat), fox, wolf, marten, badger, partridge, woodcock and stock dove.
the ancient city of Termessos in southern Turkey. Termessos is a sort of "Machu Picchu" of Turkey, a picturesque tumble-down ruin on the top of a mountain. Situated in a part of the country less visited by foreigners and requiring a short vertical hike, the site remains remarkably undisturbed.
I met a Turkish guy going hunting, we shared a love for a place I visited and stayed for 6 weeks, Isik Kul Lake in Kyrgyzstan. I knew a hunter there who used to get dropped by chopper in the mountains and then get picked up 3 days later, he would light a fire to signal his location and then the chopper would come down and pick him up with his catch..
Termessos (also known as Termessus) was inhabited by the Pisidians, an indigenous Anatolian nation of noted ferocity. The city first appears in history during the conquests of Alexander the Great. Alexander swept through the region but after winning a skirmish in the narrow mountain passes near the city, declined to storm it. (Guidebooks consistently portray Alexander as unable to take the city, but in fact he was merely disinclined to try.) After Alexander's death the city saw a famous clash during the wars of Alexander's "Successors." One of Alexander's generals, Alcetas, found himself trapped in the city by another of Alexander's generals, Antigonus the "One-Eyed." Beloved by the city's young people, Alcetas was betrayed by its "senior citizens" and comitted suicide rather than fall into Antigonus' hands. Mutilated and left unburied by Antigonus, Alceta's body was retrieved by the younger generation and given a hero's burial. The extant "lion sarcophagus" has convincingly been identified as his final resting place?among the only surviving graves of Alexander's friends and companions.
History of bath culture,meaning a cleaning ritual and a social meeting goes to India,ancient Egypt,ancient Aegean and ancient Rome civilizations.This culture suggest relaxation of body and soul by influence of the bath glorious architectural structure.It is believed that a persons spends 1 or 2 hours in the bath gets cleaned both bodily and spiritually.
The prominent ones among the bath in Antalya are Yivli minare Bath(XIII.century) and Cifte Bath(XVI.century) in the city center,Caycibasi Bath(XVI.century) in Korkuteli and Bey Bath(XVI.century) in Elmali.As for the baths perpetuating traditional bath culture in Antalya I can mention about SEFA BATH(Kaleici),Akdeniz Bath,Antalya Yeni Bath,Nazir Hamami(Kaleici),and Ottoman Bath.In order to live through bath culture it is essantial to have a real experience of Turkish Bath,however,it is possible to have bath ritual at home with the products designed for bath.
Sefa Hamami:Barbaros Mah.Kocatepe sok.no;32 Kaleici/Antalya
This tomb where is on the north necropolis belong to Lyciarch Marcus Aurelius Archepolis and his family.In 1990 during conservation excavation of the museum of Antalya found this monumental tomb.
The form of the tomb is near to the rectangular form.The surface of the walls is constructed by small,smooth stones and chips.The internal of the walls is built by various stones and mortar.The vault is collapsed.There are plank holes that to support to the vault block on the side walls.There is a podium which formed like "U" by constructed solid blocks.The first step is shaped out like a sitting bench.The lion paws are treated on the corners of podium.There are 3 sarcophagi on the podium but one of them so called "Sidomara" now in the Antalya Museum.
The tomb is dated to to 2nd half of the 3rd century A.D.
The Sarcophagus of Antimachos is on the north Necropolis.The lid form is Lykia type.The reliefs are carved on the chest.The corner plasters on the front and short faces of the chest.There is a pseudo-door on the short face of the chest.It is symbolic door which means a door goes to HADES(underworld).There is a family tree carved on the corner plaster.The means of the family tree is eternity.The family tree motive is began from 3rd thousand B.B.
The sarcophagus is dated to between the middle and last quarter of the 2nd century A.D.
It was built at the end of the 5th century A.D. There are many appositions until the beginning of the 6th century A.D. The building is double storeyed.The bottom floor consist of a central room with an asymmetric arrangement of rooms leading off from either side of it.Walls made from rubblestone and lime mortar attracted attention with their ornamental brick work.Each room has mosaic floor.The easter staircase led to the second floor built on the bottom floor domes to the north and south,traces of the walls of the second storey,though minimal,can also be seen.There is no second floor above the central area.Like the first floor, the second floor has fine work mosaics decorated with bird and other animal motifs.Today the mosaics can be seen on the ground with collapsing the second floor.