Legendary Troy proved to be fact when, in the 1870s, a wealthy German businessman, Heinrich Schliemann, began excavating in this area. He discovered the ruins of a series of ancient cities dating from the Bronze Age to the Roman period. Schliemann declared one of these cities — at first Troy I, later Troy II — to be the city of Troy, and this identification was widely accepted at that time.
Located about 30km south-west of Canakkale, there is, in fact, more than one Troy. Altogether there are nine - dating from around 3,000 BC to the 5th century AD. Each one is built on top of the last which means that Troy was built in different layers through the centuries. This means you have to use your imagination and the reconstruction plans to get some idea as to what the ruins might have looked like. The 7th Troy is most likely to have been the setting for Homer's famous Iliad - an epic poem of the Trojan War, said to be among the oldest extant works of Western literature, dating to around the eighth century BC. For more on Troy, visit my Troy page below:
Open: 8.30am-7pm (summer), to 5pm (winter). Admission: TL15.
This museum is located about 1.5km south of the town centre on the main road that goes to Troy. It's exhibits are those from Troy, Assos and Dardanos, an ancient site about 10km south-west of the town. They have two sarcophagi that are of the highest quality, one of which is said to be the oldest in Anatolia. The lighting isn't the best for photos but there's a lot of exhibits outside.
Open: 8am-5pm. Admission: TL5.
This is a new museum about the city with 19th and 20th century exhibits such as household items and items of furniture and such like. All the signs are in Turkish but as it's free and you have five minutes, it's worth a pop in.
This fantastic looking fortress (meaning Meadow Castle) was constructed by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror for the defence of Istanbul between 1461-1462 as one of two fortresses built at the narrowest point of the Dardanelles. Later, it served as a place of dispatching troops and administration of the Central Defence Group during the Canakkale Naval Battle during the Gallipoli campaign in 1915.
It's entrance and courtyard are filled with cannon and its keep displays an exhibition on the process of the battle with the use of panels, models and videos while displaying various guns and martial materials. Entry is included in the admission of the Naval Museum.
The Nusret Mine Layer was built in Kiel, Germany in 1912 and joined the Ottoman Navy in 1915 where it played a crucial role in defending the Dardanelles from Allied invasion by laying mines parallel with the beach of Erenköy Bay on 8th March 1915. It was part of the Turkish Navy 42 years before being decommissioned in 1955.
Today, the vessel has been stripped out and turned into an exhibition space showcasing relics from the Gallipoli battle, certificates belonging to Nazmi Bey and newspapers telling about Dardanelles Battle published in Ottoman Turkish and Latin Alphabet.
The Naval Museum occupies a large area to the south of the ferry terminal and features a picture and photograph gallery which also includes some Gallipoli campaign era uniforms and bullets which actually hit each other mid-air (which is said to be a 160 million to 1 chance of happening). Outside are several mines, torpedoes, cannon and tiny submarines plus the Turkish minelayer, Nusret, which played a crucial role in defending the Dardanelles from Allied invasion (see next tip). There's more exhibits in the Cimenlik Fortress which is also in the grounds of the museum.
Open: 9am-noon & 1-5pm Tue, Wed & Fri-Sun. Admission: TL3.
This huge wooden Trojan Horse comes as a bit of a shock to see as you walk down the seafront promenade. It was actually used in the 2004 film Troy starring Brad Pitt and given to the town as a gift. Beside it is a model of the ruins of Troy which is located about 30km south-west of Canakkale.
Every town has one and Canakkale is no exception. Here's the obligatory Ataturk statue which overlooks the town’s main square that's located along the main road that leads away from the ferry terminal.
This huge, rather oversized copy of a Canakkale Pot is located near the World War I Cannons, along the main road that leads away from the ferry terminal. The town is said to be an important centre for handmade ceramics.
Located along the main road that leads away from the ferry terminal are these World War I cannons. The inscription reads "Mehmets (Turkish soldiers) used these cannons on 18 March 1915 to ensure the impassability of the Canakkale Strait".
Çanakkale seaside also hosts the Hollywood Movie Troy Horse.
The "wooden horse" from the 2004 movie Troy is exhibited on the seafront.
The Troy Horse is located by the sea side 200 metes after the ferry jetty to the right direction.
The model of Troy layer 6 is located adjacent to the Hollywood movie Troy Horse. The model is one of the biggest city models of Turkey.
You can watch my 2 min 23 sec HQ Video Canakkale Dardanelles slide show Part I out of my Youtube channel with Turkish pop music by Berksan - Alliahim.
Nara (or Nagara) Castle is on the Anatolian side of the Strait, five kilometres to the north of Çanakkale. Construction on the fort was started in 1807, along with the Bigalý Castle on the European shore which is five kilometres from Eceabat, during the reign of Selim III.
The fortifications were built to counter the threat of British warships passing through the Strait and sailing to Istanbul. Nara Castle was completed in the reign of Mahmut II.
Kilitbahir Castle is located on the European side of the Dardanelles in the Kilitbahir village. The castle was built by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1452. Kilitbahir means ‘Lock of the Sea’.
Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent later added a gate tower and strengthened and extended the walls.
In the 15th century Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror built citadels on both banks of the strait and founded the city of Çanakkale.
The Çimenlik Fort (also known as Hamidiye III) is a 150 x 100 metres rectangular building, with almost 6 metre-thick walls which were strengthened by corner and intermediary towers. Part of the southern wall was demolished in the 19th century when bastions and bunkers were added.
The shorelines were dominated by two huge, white stone fortresses built by the Ottomans in the fifteenth century.
The entrance to the straits was guarded by four forts, two on each shore, with massive stone walls built up to 250 years earlier by Ottoman sultans anxious to keep out unwanted ships. Seventeen kilometres up the straits was another series of forts and a single line of sea mines shore to shore. Eleven forts (five on the European shore, six in Asia) guarded the sea lane.
You may watch my high resolution photo of Çanakkale on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 40° 9' 7.37" N 26° 24' 15.11" E or on my Google Earth Panoramio Çanakkale marina .