Honestly, Troy (Truva) did not impress me that much. Assos, on the other hand was a new name to me, so I had no expectations. I was pleasantly surprised to see some old Greek ruins on top of a peak, overlooking the sea, with Turkish and Greek islands a stone's throw away from the shore.
The city was founded in the second century B.C., and was a strong hold for over a millennium. Roman invasions, Latin invasions, Alexander the Great, the Ottomans, and many others had their influence here, eventually lessening the city to a small town ~1200's.
Priam's Treasure was on display for a time at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. It remained there until 1945, when it disappeared from a protective bunker.
In fact, the treasure had been removed to the Soviet Union by the Red Army.
During the Cold War, the government of the Soviet Union denied any knowledge of the fate of Priam’s Treasure.
However, in 1993 the treasure turned up at the Pushkin Museum in Moscow. The return of items taken from museums has been arranged in a treaty with Germany but, as of June 2004, is being blocked by museum directors in Russia. They are keeping the Looted art as compensation for the destruction of Russian cities and looting of Russian museums by Nazi Germany in World War II.
I visit this museum rather frequently and enjoy the treasure everytime. It was strictly forbidden to make photos until recently. Now it's allowed! You can see Priam's Treasure at my 5 pics here.
Troy’s Gold in Moscow
Gold Big Diadem with Pendants in shape of “Idols”
There is a hypothesis that Trojan diadems could have been used for decoration of cult images in megala. Rather considerable height of the central part of the diadem gives the ground to suggest that it was most probably mounted on the head dress made of textile or leather.
Gold Basket Earnings with Pendants in shape of “Idols”
Earnings of that type are rather rare. They originate from cashes found in the Troad, Poliochni and in the Central Anatolia. Parallels between the elements of the diadems and the basket earnings allow suggesting that both the diadems and the earnings with pendants in shape of “Idols” were manufactured in the same workshops.
Gold Small Diadem with Pendants in shape of “Idols”
The small diadem differs from the big one both by its dimensions and the elements of construction. The rhomboid beads on the chains have parallels from Troy (now in Archeological Museum in Istanbul).
Decorated with hammered dot pattern, holes in the ends of the fillet were used for fixation of the diadem.
Basket Earnings with Pendants
Gold Big Goblet with Vertical Fluting
Such goblets are paralleled both in pottery and in metal.
Bottle with Globular Body
Sauceboat with two handles
It has no exact parallels among the metal vessels of the Bronze Age from the Aegean. The vessel could probably play a certain role the ritual ceremonies.
Fragment of Pin
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
Daily 10 a.m. — 7 p.m. (entrance till 6 p.m.)
Closed — Mondays
121019, Russia, Moscow, Volkhonka st., 12
Admission 100 rubles ($3) for Russian citizens and 300 rubles ($9) for others.
Standing on the limestone outcrop on the 650 x 500 foot (200 x 150m) large mound of ruins and looking towards the straits of the Dardanelles, one naturally wonders if this really is Troy. The sea is so far away and the rubble just does not ignite your imagination. But rest assured that the natural landscape was much different 3,000 years ago.
These ruins now perched on the edge of this plateau overlook a river flood plain of sand, silt and marshland. Those fertile fields that you see as you gaze towards the water are the result of erosion and silting of the two rivers that also flowed here in ancient times. Little by little, silt from the Simois and Scamander rivers (today called the Dumrek Su and Kara Menderes), which flow into the bay, moved the Dardanelles coastline about a mile (2km) north, leaving Troy more high and dry than in ancient times.
At different times, the ground around this hill was a flooded bay, a swamp and a brackish lagoon. The warring Greeks camped on the sea cost to the west of Troy, and drew up their ships on a shore well away from the fighting. As you gaze outwards you can see that alluvial deposition has changed the coast since Homer's day. In those days the Greek camp and ship station were only situated about 2.5 miles (4km) from fortified Troy.
Ancient Trojans would have hunted in the swamps and woodlands nearby while growing crops and tending their herds on this fruitful land. It was an ideal place to live in comfort and safety in a world full of powerful and aggressive enemy states.
If you visit Troy in august, you'll surely need to sit down to rest under some shade sooner or later. There's not many trees around.
We sat under this, which (let's dream) could have been the same under which Priamo seated to watch the greek army outside the walls...