Bogazkale Travel Guide

  • Bogazkale
    Bogazkale
    by Kuznetsov_Sergey
  • Hattusas
    Hattusas
    by Kuznetsov_Sergey
  • Hittite Empire Map
    Hittite Empire Map
    by Kuznetsov_Sergey

Bogazkale Things to Do

  • Chamber A, Yazilikaya

    Yazilikaya (see separate tip), the Hittite sanctuary just outside the city if Hattusa proper, has two primary "chambers" of reliefs and inscriptions carved into the rock outcrops.

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  • King's Gate in Hattusa

    The King's Gate is another monumental gate in Hattusa. About as well-known and significant as the Lion Gate, it had a large deep relief of a warrior/king-like figure. Unlike the other gate, this sculpture has been taken to the Museum of Anatolian Civilisations in Ankara, where it is on display. A replica is now in its place at the actual gate....

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  • Postern Gate - Yerkapi in Hattusa

    Near the Sphinx Gate in the walls of Hattusa is a postern gate, a small gate to allow those in the city to make forays outside the walls or allow people in without using a more vulnerable main gate during times of attack. It is nicely intact and very impressive, a long, stone-lined tunnel through the base of the stone ramparts under the visible...

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  • Lion Gate - Aslanli Kapi in Hattusa

    One of the most significant, and famous, sites in Hattusa itself is the Lion Gate. This monumental gate is still partly intact and flanked by its two large carved lion statues, although the arch over the top has gone. The lions even now are in good condition with details such as the mane carved on the surface and well-preserved. Some hieroglyphic...

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  • Yazilikaya

    Yazilikaya, a Turkish name meaning "Inscripted Rock," is the sanctuary for the ancient Hittite capital of Hattusa. It is a short distance from the city ruins themselves and is today a separate site. Although small, this site is incredibly impressive and atmospheric. Hattusa proper is mostly ruins and, aside from the Liona Gate lions and a few other...

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  • Hattusa - Hittite Capital

    Hattusa, just on the edge of Bogazkale, is the ruins of the ancient Hittite capital, roughly 3,500 years old. This empire was at the time extremely powerful. It not only controlled most of Anatolia, but also vanquished Old Babylonia, its army sacking Bablyon in about 1596 BCE, and held off Egypt for control of what is now Syria and Lebanon, with...

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  • Open air shrine at Yazilikaya

    I'm really impressed and excited at yazilikaya during my trip to Corum. It was january, no mobs of tourists, sunny weather, me and gods&goddesses of The Hittites'...The northwest of the Hattusas historical site was the Open Air Shrine of the Hittite Empire. It consists of a natural rock, two rooms and a Hittite temple in front of it which reflects...

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  • Hattusa

    The Upper City was (as the name suggests) placed on high ground, but for its defence the Hittites could not rely on cliffs and therefore they had to build a very long wall along its southern side. The Lion Gate stands in its western section: two rectangular towers flanked the entrance, a passage marked by exterior and interior portals. Both portals...

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  • Hattusas Green Stone – Ramesses’s II...

    The green square stone in front of the Great Temple is considered a wedding gift of Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II. The solemn processions headed by the Supreme priests and priestesses, passed by this road.You may watch my high resolution photo of Hattusas on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 40º 1' 10.44" N 34º 36' 55.30" E or...

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  • Yazilikaya-Divinity Sharrumma

    On the wall opposite the divinity Sharrumma, the patron of Tudhaliya IV, is depicted as an escort of the Great King after his death. You may watch my 2 min 27 sec VIDEO-Clip Hattusas Yazilikaya out of my Youtube channel.You may watch my high resolution photo of Hattusas on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 40º 1' 30.81" N 34º...

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  • Yazilikaya-Great King Tudhaliya IV

    The most unusual iconography depicts an upright sword with the pommel on the hilt above fashioned into a male head wearing the tall horned and pointed hat of the gods. This is the god Nergal of the Underworld. And the third relief in this chamber shows a cartouche with the name and title of the Great King Tudhaliya IV. It is assumed that this...

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  • Yazilikaya-Line of gods of the...

    On the wall immediately to the right of the entrance was carved a line of gods of the Underworld. They wear shirts, belts, short skirts and shoes curling up at the toe. They each carry a crescent-shaped sword flung over the shoulder, and the horned pointed hats that identify them as divinities.Learn more hattuscha.de/English/yazilikaya.You may...

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  • Hittite Rock Sanctuary of Yazilikaya

    Yazilikaya (Turkish for "inscribed rock") was a sanctuary of Hattusas, the capital city of the Hittite Empire.This was a holy site for the Hittites living in the nearby city of Hattusas. Most impressive today are the rock-cut reliefs portraying the gods from the Hittite pantheon. There were also shrines built adjacent to the rocks.Learn more...

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  • Hattusas Royal Citadel of Büyükkale

    Büyükkale or Great Fortress is indeed an ideal place to establish a royal residence. This plateau with a relatively flat surface about 250 x 140 m is naturally protected on every side by steep slopes or precipitous bluffs. Learn more hattuscha.de/English/kingspalace.You may watch my high resolution photo of Hattusas on the Google Earth according to...

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  • Hattusas King's Gate – Kralkapi

    King's Gate in the east of the great southern bow of the city wall corresponds to the Lion Gate in the west. Here also we have two towers flanking the gate, which again consists of two doorways built as parabolic arches. In size and construction the King's Gate very closely corresponds to the Lion Gate; it is like a mirror image.Learn more...

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Bogazkale Restaurants

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    Restaurant at a road between Ankara and Bogazkale 4 more images

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Oct 2, 2008

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    On our way from Ankara to Bogazkale (Hattusas) we stopped for a lunch somewhere (I don’t know the exact name of this place). There are several inscriptions on my hidden pics, but they are in Turkish (“Soforler Federasyonu?’, “Sn. Dervish Gunday?”).

    It was rather large restaurant which could feed several buses of tourist in the moment and the meal was rather good!

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Bogazkale Transportation

  • Using a car in Hattusa

    Actually having a private car or the like is very helpful when visiting Hattusa itself. It is a little ways out of the town, though not far and easily walkable if you have the time, so this is not the real issue. It is inside the ruins where having a car is handy if you want to see as much as possible. The ruins are very extensive and very hilly...

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  • Driving to Bogazkale

    Bogazkale is a fairly short, easy drive from Ankara. From Kizilay itself, in the heart of Ankara, we arrived at Bogazkale in our minivan in just about 2 hours, 45 minutes. The roads are good, especially east of Kirikkale, with a multi-lane divided highway althe way until the turn off to Bogazkale itself, and even then the road is still good. From...

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  • How to get Hattusas

    Hattusas is situated near modern Bogazkale (formerly Bogazköy) some 150 km east of Ankara in the Province of Çorum, at the northern reaches of the ancient landscape of Cappadocia. A city approximately two by one kilometers in area, situated on the slopes of a high rocky massif (950-1250 m above NN level). It is only a two and a half hours drive...

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Bogazkale Local Customs

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    Hattusas - Turkish Dogs 2 more images

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Oct 2, 2008

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    I’ve seen this cute pare of puppets just in front of the Great Temple in Hattusas. You know I'm a German shepherd fun and can realize how I was missing my dogs staying in Moscow! I don’t know which of two famous Turkish dog breeds they belong. I know two such breeds.

    The Sivas Kangal Dog is a breed of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris), and is the national breed of Turkey. This dog, which can grow as large as 64 kg, was originally used as a Livestock guardian dog.

    The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a breed of dog from Anatolia and bred for guarding flocks of sheep from wolves, bears, jackals, and even cheetahs.

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Bogazkale Warnings and Dangers

  • Limited Services in Winter

    Be prepared to find limited services in the winter, the off-tourist season. Hotel rooms are still available, but the main restaurant in town is shut down at the time and everything is pretty quiet. However, the souvenir vendors are still ready for business! The ruins themselves are also open and easy to visit with little stress. When we went in...

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  • Don’t climb up the rocks!

    I’ve seen this amusing warning sign in Yazilikaya. It must have been meant: don’t climb up the rocks or 1000 gods of Hattusas will throw you down, haha!

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Bogazkale Tourist Traps

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    Sly merchant 3 more images

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Oct 2, 2008

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    Do you remember my tip about Hattusas Green Stone - Ramesses’s II wedding gift? This amazing green stone attracts all the tourists and they are usually taking photos on its background.

    Local merchants are seeking their profits of green stones trying to sell them and saying that they made their own excavations and have just found figures of these green stones! Haha! I’ve found several such green stones when walking around Hattusas area. You may see them on my hidden photos.

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Bogazkale Off The Beaten Path

  • Hittites in Abu Simbel

    I was impressed by the story about the Battle of Kadesh between Egyptians and Hittites while visiting Abu Simbel in April of 2007.The reliefs on the north wall of the Grand Hall show scenes from the Battle of Kadesh. The sides of the thrones next to the entrance are decorated with Nile gods symbolically uniting Egypt, while below are prisoners,...

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  • Hittites in Moscow

    The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts has one of the most representative collections in Russia of foreign art dated from ancient times to modern days. You may see Cappadokian Cuneiforms (from famous Golenishev’s collection), tablets and seals (the first half of the II millennium BC) and a wonderful Relief with the Hittites - Dynasty XX Sandstone...

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  • Istanbul Archaeology Museum

    Egypto-Hittite Peace Treaty (c. 1258 BC) between Hattusili III and Ramesses II after the Battle of Kadesh is the best known early written peace treaty.The Kadesh peace agreement on the Cuneiform Tablet is on display at the Istanbul Archaeology Museum (and I’ve seen and took a photo there). It is believed to be the earliest example of any written...

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Bogazkale Favorites

  • Excavation of Bogazköy/Hattusha

    Hattusas was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1986.The German Institute Archaeology , for many years with the cooperation of the German Oriental Society as well, conducts excavations; the successive directors have been Kurt Bittel (through 1977), Peter Neve (1978-1993), Jürgen Seeher (1994-2005) and Andreas Schachner. Nearly all the...

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  • Discovery of Bogazköy/Hattusha

    In 1834 Charles Texier discovers the ruins of Hattusha. Believing he has found Pteria, a city of the Medes, he makes drawings of reliefs at Yazýlýkaya and some of the city ruins, and prepares a rough plan of the city. In 1836 William J. Hamilton makes a day's excursion to Hattusha, where he does various drawing, including a plan of the Great...

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